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Minnesota’s Changing Geography

Minnesota’s Changing Geography

Katherine Michaelsen
Copyright Date: 1959
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 200
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  • Book Info
    Minnesota’s Changing Geography
    Book Description:

    Minnesota’s Changing Geography was first published in 1959. This book is intended to help children understand how the state of Minnesota developed as it did, what it looks like today, and why. The story, pictures, and maps tell of Minnesota’s changing geography, but the subject embraces a good deal that lies beyond the boundaries of one state. The settlement of the land, its industry and commerce, its climate - these and other parts of the story give young readers perspective to see Minnesota as part of the larger community of the nation and the world. By showing how the land and its use have changed, the book also helps children to realize that their environment is not static, but constantly changing. In each section of the book, the author describes the characteristic features of a major region or settlement of the state. He shows why the dairy region, the corn belt, the timber country, the mining range, and other important economic areas developed in their distinctive ways. He describes the various kinds of settlements to be seen in the state - farm-trade villages, towns, cities, and suburbs. He traces the networks of transportation - rail routes, waterways, truck routes, pipelines, airways, and city traffic. Finally, he explains the elements of local, state, and federal government. A series of tables at the back of the book provides statistics on Minnesota’s population, county by county, on area, temperature, and rainfall, and significant dates in the state’s history. For children in the classroom, in the library, or at home, here is Minnesota in its physical, real-life sense, presented as a part of a large and changing world. Readable, authentic, up-to-date, the book was prepared with the help of consultants from the Minneapolis public schools.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-6164-0
    Subjects: Education

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. [i]-[iii])
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. [iv]-[iv])

      (pp. 3-6)

      To guide a group of children in a meaningful study of life in Minnesota, it is necessary for the teacher to spend considerable time in making preparations for the cooperative study of the state. To carry out the unit successfully an understanding of the potentialities of the age group and a knowledge of the content of the unit are essential. The necessary background of information and ideas can be developed through careful and thoughtful preplanning through the following activities.

      1.Identifying the purposes of the study:A. acquire a knowledge of Minnesota as it is today; B. gain an understanding...

      (pp. 9-90)

      As an initial activity, it is suggested that ample time and opportunity be provided for the class to browse through the book and to comment freely on the general appearance of the book, its illustrations, and its many maps.

      The teacher may profitably spend time developing readiness for the more detailed examination of the text through use of the following activities:

      A.Enlarging and refining the pupils’ knowledge of maps.

      1. The World: cardinal directions, North America, United States, Minnesota.

      2. North America: cardinal directions, United States, Minnesota, Lake Superior.

      3. The United States: cardinal directions, Minnesota, Lake Superior.



    • [Middle Matter]
      (pp. i-1)
    • 1 Understanding Minnesota
      (pp. 3-7)

      Everyone knows his home community. It is easy to look at it from a high place — a rooftop, a tower, a high hill. There are the houses and schools and churches, the stores and offices, the fire station and police station. There are people living and working and playing together. Beyond the edge of the community there is the distanthorizon,where the sky seems to meet the ground.

      Many different communities make up the state of Minnesota. There are towns, cities, villages, and farms. They cover many different kinds of land. They are all important. Yet there is no...

    • 2 Many Seasons
      (pp. 7-13)

      When many people think about Minnesota, they think ofnorth.Minnesota lies along the northern border of the main part of the United States. It reaches farther north than forty-seven other states. The motto on Minnesota’s flag is “Star of the North.”

      When many people think of north, they think of cold winters and cool summers. Minnesota is famous for both. The map in Figure 6 shows some reasons why.

      The map shows the path of the north wind across Minnesota in winter. The north wind blows straight from the northern part of Canada. Northern Canada is one of the...

    • 3 Nature’s Land
      (pp. 14-34)

      To the Indians the word Minnesota meant “sky-colored waters.” People still call Minnesota the “land of sky-blue waters.” They are thinking of sparkling lakes among forest-covered hills. A large part of the state looks like that.

      But nature created many other kinds of scenery in Minnesota. There is a region with no lakes. There is another region with no hills — where the land is flat as a tabletop as far as you can see in every direction. A big region has had no forest for as long as anyone knows. Nature made Minnesota more than a land of sky-blue waters....

    • 4 Fields and Pastures
      (pp. 34-57)

      Farm fields and pastures cover about three fourths of all the land of Minnesota. Farmlands spread across the flat and rolling plains. They reach into the deep valleys of the southeast. They cover half the Hill-and-Lake Region. Minnesota is one of our most important farming states.

      Only about one fifth of all Minnesota’s people live on farms. There are more people in Minneapolis and St. Paul than there are on all the farms of the state! So a trip to the farm is a treat for most Minnesotans. There are many ways to have fun and many new things to...

    • 5 Treasures in the North Country
      (pp. 57-72)

      The pioneer farm settlers who came to Minnesota were looking for smooth land and rich soil. Those were treasures to anyone who wanted to build a fine farm. The early settlers found those treasures in Minnesota. But there was little for farm settlers in the North Country. So only a few pioneer farmers settled there, and even fewer stayed.

      Smooth land and rich soil are not the only treasures nature placed in Minnesota. There are others. There is a treasure of wood in the forests. The rocks hold a treasure of iron. The lakes and wilderness are a treasure of...

    • 6 Going to Town in the Main Farming Regions
      (pp. 72-97)

      Roads and telephone lines and electric power lines pass every farmhouse in Minnesota’s main farming regions. The roads and wires lead to a nearby village. Any farmer follows the road to the neighboring village almost every day. It is a short trip in his car or truck. He drives a few miles—past a dozen neighboring farms, across a valley or around a lake, past a tiny corner schoolhouse. After five or ten minutes the trees and buildings of the village rise above the fields ahead of him.

      A farm family has many reasons to go to the village. Think...

    • 7 Trade and Industry in the North Country
      (pp. 98-114)

      Roads through the North Country lead to many villages and towns, too. The roads pass through miles of woods and brushcovered land. Now and then a lake shows through the trees. Its blue water stretches back into the forest. A few cabins stand close to the shore. Here and there a narrow lane turns from the road and disappears among the trees. Signs point to camps and lakes hidden in the forest. Other narrow lanes lead to scattered clearings, pastures, and farmhouses.

      At last the road reaches the nearest village. The main street of the village is very wide. It...

    • 8 The Twin Cities
      (pp. 114-155)

      One region is the busiest, most crowded in all Minnesota. That is the region of the Twin Cities. You can find it on the map in Figure 58. It lies on both sides of the Mississippi River, close to the eastern border of the state. The region is not very large. But it is growing larger every year; and it is very important.

      Roads and streets crisscross the land everywhere. Many thousands of houses spread over hills and flat plains. Huge factories and warehouses stand beside hundreds of railway tracks. Tall buildings tower into the air. Cars, trucks, and buses...

    • 9 Routes to America and the World
      (pp. 155-173)

      People in Minnesota trade with other people all over the world. Minnesota sends out iron ore, timber, stone, farm products, and factory goods. It brings in many kinds of factory goods, oil, coal, and much more. Thousands of people work to carry the trade. They run long freight trains and big trucks. They sail great ships on Lake Superior and big barges on the Mississippi River.

      Many visitors come to Minnesota. They come to vacation playgrounds, to conventions in the great cities. Or they come to visit the big offices and factories—to buy or sell goods. Those are a...

    • 10 Rules and Leaders
      (pp. 173-178)

      Everyone has played on a team. People use teams to play games that are too big and hard for one person. Everyone on the team has a certain task to do; and all of the players on the team work together.

      Sometimes a team plays well; sometimes it fails. If it plays well, there are usually three reasons. First, every member does his part. Second, there are some rules. And third, there are some leaders working hard. Of course, someone has to keep records, too. Otherwise no one would know whether the team won or lost, improved or failed.


  5. Facts about Minnesota
    (pp. 179-187)
  6. Index
    (pp. 188-191)