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Growing Shrubs and Small Trees in Cold Climates

Growing Shrubs and Small Trees in Cold Climates: Revised and Updated Edition

Debbie Lonnee
Nancy Rose
Don Selinger
John Whitman
Foreword by Edward R. Hasselkus
Copyright Date: 2001
Edition: NED - New edition
Pages: 448
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  • Book Info
    Growing Shrubs and Small Trees in Cold Climates
    Book Description:

    This easy-to-use, completely updated edition of Growing Shrubs and Small Trees in Cold Climates provides all the information needed to select the trees and shrubs ideally suited to your area’s growing conditions. A five-star rating system will help you choose the best plants, and detailed lists of suppliers show you where to locate them.

    eISBN: 978-0-8166-7887-7
    Subjects: Botany & Plant Sciences

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
    (pp. ix-ix)
    Edward R. Hasselkus

    Shrubs and small trees are basic elements of the residential landscape. As the “bones” of the garden, they provide year-round interest through foliage, flowers, fruits, branching patterns, and bark. Evergreens, both coniferous and broadleaf, bring color and interest to the long winters in cold climates.

    Depending on their placement and the scale of the landscape, many tall shrubs may serve as small trees. Serviceberries, fringe tree, some dogwoods, common witch hazel, panicle hydrangea, star magnolia, tree lilacs, and some of the viburnums double as shrubs or trees. Among conifers, there is a wide range of sizes of firs, junipers, spruces,...

    (pp. x-x)
    (pp. xi-xvi)

    Gardeners who live in cold climates have special considerations when selecting shrubs and small trees. If you live in an area where minimum winter temperatures drop to —20°F (—29°C) or colder, then you know the importance of selecting landscape plants that are well adapted to cold climates. This area extends over most of Canada and across the northern tier of the United States in what are commonly referred to as zones 1 through 5. These zones are highlighted on the zone map on page xiv.

    Shrubs and small trees are essential elements in attractive, well-designed landscapes. Often overlooked and...

  6. Part I The Most Popular Shrubs and Small Trees

      (pp. 3-342)

      Many terrific shrubs and small trees grow well in cold climates. It is frustrating to read about a specific plant only to find out it will not grow in your area. The plants in this book can stand up to tough conditions. These plants all have distinctive characteristics and each can add a special dimension to your yard. Use this information to combine shrubs and small trees in your own way to make your yard unique and beautiful.

      More than 950 varieties of shrubs and small trees are listed in Part I. These have all been rated using a fivestar...

  7. Part II The Basics of Growing Shrubs and Small Trees

      (pp. 345-354)

      This chapter includes basic information on shrubs and small trees. However, its main purpose is to help you select just the right shrubs and small trees for your yard. After reading this chapter, you will know exactly what questions to ask to get what you want.

      Shrubs are woody plants. They generally produce numerous stems from a crown just at the soil surface. Small trees are similar but generally have one or more trunks. These expand in diameter with age until the tree reaches maturity. Most of the trees recommended here grow no taller than 20 feet (about 7 meters)....

      (pp. 355-356)

      Nothing is more important in growing shrubs than placing them in the correct spot. Since it’s better not to have to transplant shrubs and small trees, place and plant them correctly from the start. This ensures you’ll get the best growth from every shrub you plant.

      Shrubs thrive in a wide variety of conditions. Plants vary in their needs for light, moisture, and protection from wind.

      Each shrub prefers a different amount of sunlight. Throughout this guide the preferred light for each shrub is indicated. The correct exposure may be related to either summer or winter sun. When this is...

      (pp. 357-360)

      This chapter covers the correct way to dig a planting hole and helpful suggestions on preparing the soil to fill it. Recent studies contradict many past practices. The studies also have some complex exceptions. This chapter will keep relevant information as simple as possible.

      Good soil has certain characteristics. It is firm enough to hold your plants in place, yet it is loose enough for easy penetration of water and oxygen to a plant’s root system. Good soil drains freely. Ironically, good soil, while draining freely, also has the ability to retain moisture during drought and heat waves. Good soil...

      (pp. 361-374)

      Advice on the correct planting of shrubs and small trees has changed in recent years. The main concepts are quite straightforward. The planting hole should contain soil loose enough to allow for the easy penetration of water and oxygen, but firm enough to hold the shrub or small tree in place. You should take all steps necessary to avoid restricting root growth and to stop roots from circling in and around themselves in a process known asgirdling. You should encourage the quick development of a strong root system so that the shrub or small tree grows vigorously and is...

      (pp. 375-377)

      Transplanting shrubs and small trees can be quite difficult. Most require lots of attention if you want to do this successfully. The information in this chapter will increase your chances for success.

      Transplant deciduous shrubs and small trees as early as possible in spring before new growth starts. Whenever possible, root prune in the previous spring as outlined in the next section. The best time to transplant evergreens is in the early fall. However, most transplanting actually is done during the spring. Do this before new growth begins. If you dig up evergreens as new growth (candling) emerges, you damage...

      (pp. 378-388)

      Shrubs and small trees are a versatile group of plants. Some seem to thrive on what amounts to benign neglect, but others need more attention to do well. This chapter gives detailed information on the proper care of these plants.

      Shrubs and small trees vary in their need for water. Correct watering is responsible for better root growth, more bloom, larger flowers, longer bloom time, better flower color, greater fragrance, lusher leaf growth, better foliage color, better stem color, larger and more fruits, fuller growth, faster growth, and better disease and insect resistance.

      Water is a nutrient containing both hydrogen...

      (pp. 389-403)

      One of the great advantages in growing shrubs and small trees is that most of them do not need to be sprayed to control disease and insects. If not prone to specific problems, many of these survive them quite well without interference.

      Admittedly, a few of the shrubs and small trees listed in this guide are susceptible to severe damage by a specific disease or insect. You can either avoid planting these or follow the advice given to prevent outbreaks in the first place. In many instances, especially resistant varieties have been listed so that you will not have a...

      (pp. 404-412)

      Creating new shrubs from old ones is a passion for a number of gardeners. It is an extremely pleasurable pastime. If you have time and patience, it saves a lot of money. You can also propagate plants that may be difficult to find in the trade, as long as you can find the desired mother plant for your offspring.

      In some instances it can be extremely difficult, almost impossible, even for commercial growers to use a specific method of propagation for a specific shrub, but in other instances you can just stick a piece of stem in water, and it...

      (pp. 413-416)

      Bring the beauty of shrubs and small trees indoors by cutting off stems at different times of year to take advantage of an individual plant’s most outstanding features from scented blooms to brilliant berries.

      Many shrubs and small trees produce flowers, foliage, or fruits (berries) that are lovely in arrangements. Some shrubs have flowers that exude an exquisite fragrance that can permeate an entire room.

      To take cut stems, carry a plastic bucket or pail of tepid water with you. Avoid galvanized or metal buckets since they tend to corrode and be filled with bacteria. Clean the bucket well before...

      (pp. 417-420)

      This chapter covers basic safety tips not yet discussed and gives you some suggestions about the tools you might need in planting and caring for shrubs and small trees.

      Gardening should be relaxing, fun, and, above all, safe. Always have local utilities mark underground lines. The holes you dig are often deep enough to come in contact with these. Utilities are required to mark locations within a reasonable time, usually 2 to 3 days. They do this with little flags or spray paints that outline the exact path of the unseen lines.

      Don’t forget about underline sprinkling and lighting systems....

    (pp. 421-432)