Native students often face hostile and unwelcoming environments when they enter Non-Native Colleges and Universities. While conversations about racism in higher education have addressed the prevalence of racial microaggressions among marginalized populations, the issue of racial microaggressions against Native doctoral students, specifically Native women, has not been adequately addressed. Utilizing a phenomenological approach, this study explores the experiences of Native women in doctoral education in the United States. The findings indicate that encounters with racism, particularly racial microaggressions, were common experiences for Native women in doctoral programs. Racial microaggressions were experienced in the overall campus climate, the classroom, and in encounters with White peers and faculty in the form of microassaults, microinsults, and microinvalidations. The findings also provide insight into the complex and unique nature of racism experienced by Native women in doctoral education and demonstrate the need for deeper conversations that interrogate systemic, structural, and subtle forms of racism against Native people in higher education.
The Journal of American Indian Education (JAIE) is a refereed journal publishing original scholarship directly related to the education of American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Indigenous peoples worldwide, including Inuit, Métis, and First Nations of Canada, Māori, Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander peoples, Indigenous peoples of Latin America, Africa, and others. JAIE strives to improve Indigenous education through empirical research, knowledge generation, and transmission to researchers, communities, classrooms, and diverse educational settings.
Founded in 1925, the University of Minnesota Press is best known as the publisher of groundbreaking work in social and cultural thought, critical theory, race and ethnic studies, urbanism, feminist criticism, and media studies. The Press is among the most active publishers of translations of significant works of European and Latin American thought and scholarship. Minnesota also publishes a diverse list of works on the cultural and natural heritage of the state and the upper Midwest region.