Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military

Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military: Top-Line Estimates for Active-Duty Coast Guard Members from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study

National Defense Research Institute
Copyright Date: 2014
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 38
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7249/j.ctt14bs25s
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  • Book Info
    Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military
    Book Description:

    Coast Guard active duty and reserve members were surveyed as part of an independent RAND assessment of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and gender discrimination in the military. This report provides initial top-line active-duty Coast Guard estimates from the resulting RAND Military Workplace Study, which invited close to 560,000 service members to participate in a survey fielded in August and September of 2014.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-8923-6
    Subjects: Management & Organizational Behavior, Sociology, Law

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. The 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study Team
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-x)
  6. Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)

    In early 2014, the Department of Defense (DoD) asked the RAND National Defense Research Institute to conduct an independent assessment of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and gender discrimination in the military—an assessment last conducted in 2012 by the department itself through the Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active-Duty Personnel (WGRA). At the request of the Coast Guard, RAND also included a sample of Coast Guard active-duty and reserve members in the 2014 study.

    The 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study (RMWS) is based on a much larger sample of the military community than previous surveys—men and women, active-duty...

  7. A New Approach to Counting Sexual Assault, Sexual Harassment, and Gender Discrimination
    (pp. 3-6)

    DoD has assessed service members’ experiences with sexual assault and harassment since at least 1996, when Public Law 104-201 first required a survey of the “gender relations climate” experienced by active-duty forces. Since 2002, four “Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys,” as they are known in 10 USC §481, have been conducted with active-duty forces (in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2012).

    The Coast Guard was included in these surveys through 2010 but was not assessed in 2012. In 2010, an estimated 4 percent of active-duty Coast Guard women had experienced an “unwanted sexual contact” in the prior year; less than 1...

  8. Fielding the RAND Military Workplace Study Survey
    (pp. 7-8)

    DoD, in consultation with the White House National Security Staff, stipulated that the sample size for the RMWS was to include a census of all active-duty women and 25 percent of active-duty men in the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps. In addition, we were asked to include a smaller sample of National Guard and reserve members sufficient to support comparisons of sexual assault and harassment between the active-duty and reserve forces. Active-duty Coast Guard members were sampled using the same proportions of men and women as the DoD services. Separate reports will describe results for Coast Guard reserve...

  9. Top-Line Results from the RAND Military Workplace Study
    (pp. 9-16)

    Here we describe the top-line findings on the estimated percentage of active-duty Coast Guard men and women who experienced sexual assaults and sex-based MEO violations (including gender discrimination and sexual harassment) in the past year.⁶ Because we measure these offenses differently than they have been measured in the past, the estimates generated using the new RMWS assessment methodology cannot be directly compared with past WGRA results. The results in this section represent our preliminary estimates for the percentage of Coast Guard members who experienced events in the past year that would qualify as sex crimes under UCMJ Article 120 or...

  10. Implications of the Top-Line Results
    (pp. 17-18)

    Our estimates suggest that between 180 and 390 active-duty Coast Guard men and women were sexually assaulted in the past year out of 39,112 active-duty members, or approximately 0.3 percent of active-duty men and 3.0 percent of active-duty women. These include assaults committed by other members of the Coast Guard, civilians, spouses, or others. Our best estimate in this range is that approximately 270 Coast Guard members were sexually assaulted. These rates are significantly below those for men and women in the overall DoD active-duty population. These are one-year rates, so over a several year career the percentage of Coast...

  11. Next Steps
    (pp. 19-20)
  12. Appendix: A Brief Overview of RMWS Weighting Procedures
    (pp. 21-22)
  13. References
    (pp. 23-24)
  14. Notes
    (pp. 25-26)
  15. Abbreviations
    (pp. 27-28)