Individual Preparedness and Response to Chemical, Radiological, Nuclear, and Biological Terrorist Attacks

Individual Preparedness and Response to Chemical, Radiological, Nuclear, and Biological Terrorist Attacks

Lynn E. Davis
Tom LaTourrette
David E. Mosher
Lois M. Davis
David R. Howell
Copyright Date: 2003
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 198
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7249/j.ctt1q60dh
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  • Book Info
    Individual Preparedness and Response to Chemical, Radiological, Nuclear, and Biological Terrorist Attacks
    Book Description:

    Individual preparedness is an important element of our nation's strategy for homeland security. This report adopts a scenario-driven approach that provides a rigorous way to identify actions-linked specifically to terrorist attacks-individuals can take to protect their health and safety. The result is an individual's strategy across four types of terrorist attacks-chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological-consisting of overarching goals and simple and directive response and preparatory actions. The actions are appropriate regardless of likelihood of an attack, scale of attack, or government alert level; designed to be sensitive to potential variations; and defined in terms of simple rules that should be easy for individuals to adopt.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-3608-7
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. PREFACE
    (pp. iii-iv)
    Jack Riley
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. FIGURES
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. TABLES
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. SUMMARY
    (pp. xiii-xxiv)
  7. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. xxv-xxvi)
  8. ACRONYMS
    (pp. xxvii-xxviii)
  9. Chapter One INTRODUCTION
    (pp. 1-6)

    The September 11 attacks and the anthrax incidents that occurred in autumn 2001 clearly demonstrated to Americans that the possibility of becoming a victim of terrorism is very real. This new awareness has generated considerable interest and concern about how Americans should best prepare for, and respond to, terrorist attacks in the future.

    Central to such preparation and response planning are the roles of federal, state, and local government agencies, which include activities ranging from global intelligence gathering to local emergency response. Beginning in the mid-1990s and accelerating rapidly since September 2001, all levels of government have focused on improving...

  10. Chapter Two SCENARIO APPROACH TO DEVELOPING AN INDIVIDUAL’S STRATEGY
    (pp. 7-20)

    In defining an individual’s strategy for catastrophic terrorism, we developed an approach consisting of five steps:

    ● Develop scenarios for chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological terrorist attacks.

    ● Define the needs of individuals in each scenario, with a focus on those that are primary to their safety and health.

    ● Identify potential actions to meet those needs.

    ● Evaluate the potential actions to determine their ability to prevent, protect against, or minimize injury from the attack.

    ● Assemble effective actions into a strategy that an individual could adopt to prepare for, and respond to, catastrophic terrorist attacks.

    The remainder of...

  11. Chapter Three AN INDIVIDUAL’S STRATEGY
    (pp. 21-62)

    Based on implementing the approach described in the preceding chapter, this chapter defines a strategy that an individual would adopt to respond to, and prepare for, large terrorist attacks involving unconventional weapons. The strategy focuses on four types of terrorist attacks: chemical, radiological, nuclear, and biological. In each case, the strategy begins by describing what an individual would need to know about the characteristics and dangers of each type of attack. We then present an individual’s primary needs and overarching goals. This sets the stage for a description of the actions that an individual would take and why these are...

  12. Chapter Four CONCLUSIONS
    (pp. 63-70)

    Our recommended strategy involves actions that individuals can take that can save lives, even in catastrophic terrorist attacks. This can be demonstrated by tracing the recommended actions back to the terrorist attack scenarios and seeing how they respond effectively to an individual’s needs for safety and health. Protection can be achieved against chemical agents, dirty bombs, and nuclear fallout. Once a biological attack has been identified, medical treatment can help prevent smallpox and anthrax infections. Even in the most challenging situations of nuclear and indoor chemical attacks, individuals can avoid the dangers, if they act quickly.

    Terrorist attacks and the...

  13. Appendix

    • Appendix A. CATASTROPHIC TERRORISM SCENARIOS
      (pp. 71-124)
    • Appendix B. EMERGENCY GUIDELINES
      (pp. 125-142)
    • Appendix C. FOCUS GROUP METHODS AND RESULTS
      (pp. 143-146)
    • Appendix D. A REVIEW OF THE RISK-PERCEPTION AND RISK-COMMUNICATION LITERATURE
      (pp. 147-152)
  14. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 153-164)