Strengthening Coastal Planning

Strengthening Coastal Planning: How Coastal Regions Could Benefit from Louisiana’s Planning and Analysis Framework

David G. Groves
Jordan R. Fischbach
Debra Knopman
David R. Johnson
Kate Giglio
Copyright Date: 2014
Published by: RAND Corporation
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7249/j.ctt6wq8n9
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  • Book Info
    Strengthening Coastal Planning
    Book Description:

    This report highlights RAND’s contributions to the Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority’s Master Plan. Its purpose is to help policymakers in other coastal regions understand the value of a solid technical foundation to support decisionmaking on strategies to reduce flood risk, rebuild or restore coastal environments, and increase the resilience of developed coastal regions.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-8580-1
    Subjects: History, Population Studies, Environmental Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-xvi)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xix-xx)
  8. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-10)

    In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina’s landfall in Louisiana reminded the nation of coastal communities’ vulnerability to storm surges and flooding (Figure 1.1). More than 1,880 people died and thousands more were displaced or left with conditions that compromised their safety, health, and economic well-being. Direct damage to New Orleans residences alone is estimated to have reached between $8 billion and $10 billion (Brinkley, 2006; Grossi and Muir-Wood, 2006). While the region was home to one of the most extensive hurricane protection systems in the world, it was clear once again that flood risks were unacceptably high and that the accelerating...

  9. CHAPTER TWO Analytical Support for the Development of Louisiana’s 50-Year Comprehensive Plan
    (pp. 11-20)

    In this chapter, we describe two key analytic capabilities developed to support the Master Plan process: the systems models,¹ including the Coastal Louisiana Risk Assessment Model (CLARA), and the Planning Tool.² In the following chapter, we describe the kinds of assessments and decisionmaking the Planning Tool enhanced, and which ultimately supported CPRA in defining a plan to achieving its coastal protection and restoration goals.

    The analytic framework consists of a combination of two sets of analytic capabilities: systems modeling (including CLARA) and the CPRA Planning Tool. Figure 2.1 illustrates the framework in flowchart form and is described in detail in...

  10. CHAPTER THREE Using the Planning Tool to Support the Development of a Comprehensive Plan for Louisiana
    (pp. 21-28)

    CPRA used the Planning Tool to support an iterative participatory process to decide which group of projects should form the basis of Louisiana’s $50 billion plan. Here, we describe the way in which the Planning Tool was used to compare projects using a common approach, to develop and compare a wide array of project groupings, or alternatives, and to understand the performance, environmental, and policy trade-offs among them.

    It is important to note that the Planning Tool was not used to tell CPRA which alternative to choose. Rather, it supported an informed dialogue with coastal Louisiana stakeholders. To decide on...

  11. CHAPTER FOUR Reducing Coastal Risk Through Integrated Planning
    (pp. 29-36)

    Louisiana is not alone. Its hard-earned experience and path forward offer valuable insights to coastal regions everywhere. In this chapter, we offer a brief summary of the scale of the coastal flooding problem across the United States and then draw out key elements of Louisiana’s response, as embodied in its ongoing planning and implementation processes, that have relevance to many other places. We conclude by highlighting the key features of a comprehensive approach to coastal planning that incorporates the principles of deliberation with analysis along with early, sustained, and transparent stakeholder and decisionmaker engagement.

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau,...

  12. APPENDIX A Brief Description of Robust Decision Making
    (pp. 37-40)
  13. References
    (pp. 41-44)