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Building a Successful Palestinian State

Building a Successful Palestinian State: Security

Robert E. Hunter
Seth G. Jones
Copyright Date: 2006
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 84
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  • Book Info
    Building a Successful Palestinian State
    Book Description:

    Throughout the history of Arab-Israeli peace negotiations, security has been the most important-and most challenging-issue for Palestinians, Israelis, and their neighbors. This study examines key external security issues regarding the construction of a Palestinian state. Its proposals include a NATO-led international peace-enabling force and Israeli-Palestinian confidence-building measures.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4049-7
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures and Tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-xii)
  6. 1. Introduction
    (pp. 1-6)

    Every negotiation and plan for peace between Israel and its neighbors has had one over-riding element—those issues and concerns that can be subsumed under the blanket term “security.” Indeed, a wide spectrum of issues, ranging from economics and education to political governance, has bowed before security concerns in the course of efforts to create a just and lasting peace. Security trumps everything else. For this principal reason, there has been no major success at what, in many other parts of the world, have proved to be functional approaches to peace and resolution of conflict. Examples include mutual increases in...

  7. 2. Border Arrangements
    (pp. 7-12)

    Ensuring Palestinian, Israeli, and regional security on a basis acceptable to both Israel and Palestine will require establishing workable border arrangements. Borders are a central issue in several respects: whether Israeli settlements will remain on the Palestinian side of the Green Line¹ separating Israel proper from the West Bank and if so—as, to some extent, is likely—what borders will be drawn in negotiations;² the design and nature of borders between Israel and Gaza following the withdrawal of some of the Israeli presence; whether there will be a special status for Jerusalem; whether both Israel and Palestine will have...

  8. 3. International Force
    (pp. 13-26)

    The best functional means for promoting security and mutual confidence would be stationing an international force along the Palestinian borders with Israel, Jordan, and Egypt as part of a peace settlement. This option has been discussed during the peace negotiations.¹ There are also partial precedents, notably the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO), which has been in the Sinai Desert since 1982 (see Appendix A and Table 1). But the circumstances surrounding the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty are radically different from those that would occur under an Israel-Palestine agreement. The MFO is planted essentially in a desert; Israeli and Egyptian areas of...

  9. 4. Palestinian Military Forces
    (pp. 27-32)

    A key issue in the creation of a Palestinian state is whether it will be permitted to have military forces. As the term is traditionally used, it refers to forces that have the capacity for defense against potential external threats or other challenges, as opposed to border guards, police, intelligence services, or other essentially internal security forces. This issue is so important that neither the negotiation of a peace treaty nor the creation of an independent Palestine is likely to succeed unless a clear understanding and commitments are reached regarding the future of any Palestinian military forces. Our analysis suggests...

  10. 5. Israeli Settlements
    (pp. 33-36)

    Another major area relevant to external security is Israeli settlements. The issue of Israel’s settlements has always been highly divisive. As illustrated in Figure 2, there are over 150 settlements in the West Bank that have been recognized by the Israeli Ministry of Interior, with a population of approximately 400,000. There are also dozens of outposts that have not been officially recognized.¹ While it is not possible to forecast precisely the terms of an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement, it is likely that some Israeli settlements would remain in what is today Palestinian territory in the West Bank. However, if an agreement...

  11. 6. Intelligence, Monitoring, Enforcement, and Dispute-Resolution Provisions
    (pp. 37-40)

    In few other places in the world has the concept of political agreement and accommodation as an organic development been so important to the concepts of peace and security. This is a major reason that Arab-Israeli peace negotiations—even when in abeyance—have long been referred to as aprocess. Israel’s proximity to Arab states has an unavoidable impact in terms of both the reality and perception of security—especially given the power of modern weaponry and the short distances between opposing military forces.

    Thus, a critical factor in developing security has always been the extent to which Arab states...

  12. 7. Special Security Issues Regarding Jerusalem
    (pp. 41-44)

    From the beginning of the Arab-Israeli conflict, the future of Jerusalem has been a major point of contention. Jerusalem is important to the three great monotheistic religions whose holy sites are located within a constricted, one-square-kilometer area in the Old City. And because of the presence of people of different religions, nationalities, and ethnicities, as well as overlapping claims to religious sites, it is hard to imagine a “clean,” mutually agreed-upon solution that would leave critical parts of the city under the control of only one party. Part of the Israeli position since the 1967 war is that Jerusalem must...

  13. 8. External Security Environment
    (pp. 45-48)

    Finally, we turn to the external security environment. In few places in the world does the potential for security between two states—in this case Israel and Palestine—depend so much on the external environment. The most desirable outcome, of course, is peace and security throughout the region. But given the current and likely future state of the Middle East, that outcome is unlikely for at least the foreseeable future. Following war in Iraq, the United States (along with its allies) has acquired major responsibilities for the region—for a generation and perhaps beyond—and U.S. credibility is very much...

  14. 9. Conclusion
    (pp. 49-50)

    At the time of this writing, the prospects for reviving a viable peace process between Israel and the Palestinians have reached a level not seen for several years. The Quartet countries have rededicated themselves to pursuit of the Roadmap. U.S.-European relations, including over Middle East issues, have improved from the nadir reached at the time of the Iraq War. While U.S. attention, which is crucial for forward movement, is still turned largely toward continuing conflict in Afghanistan and Iraq, the administration has committed itself to pursuit of Israeli-Palestinian peace. Following the death of Yasser Arafat, successful presidential elections in the...

  15. APPENDIX A Security Issues and the Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1967–2003
    (pp. 51-62)
  16. APPENDIX B “Clinton Parameters” (Presented by President Bill Clinton to the Israeli and Palestinian Negotiators on December 23, 2000)
    (pp. 63-68)
  17. Bibliography
    (pp. 69-72)