Urban Battle Command in the 21st Century

Urban Battle Command in the 21st Century

Russell W. Glenn
Gina Kingston
Copyright Date: 2005
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 136
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  • Book Info
    Urban Battle Command in the 21st Century
    Book Description:

    In every operation, the functions of command, control, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR), and communications are all fundamental to success. But in cities, the dense population, many manmade structures, and other challenges act to severely impede these functions in several ways. This monograph contemplates the nature of those challenges and proposes several recommendations to surmount them in both the short and longer terms.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4054-1
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-xvi)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  7. Glossary
    (pp. xix-xxii)
  8. CHAPTER ONE Setting the Stage: The Urban Battle Command Environment
    (pp. 1-8)

    The job at hand in the dust-choked streets and smoke-filled air would demand the most of this American ethos. Courage, commitment, perseverance, delegation, patience, and leadership: all would be called on. And all would be answered. It was October 1993 in Mogadishu, Somalia, during United Nations Operations Somalia II (UNOSOM II). Soldiers from the 10th Mountain Division, 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne), and other units were fighting to support and retrieve U.S. Army Rangers and Delta Force personnel who had in turn sought to rescue comrades in downed aircraft. The Americans had no tanks or infantry fighting vehicles in...

  9. CHAPTER TWO A Call for Moving Urban Command and Control Doctrine into the 21st Century
    (pp. 9-34)

    Operations in Mogadishu provide a pertinent backdrop for a consideration of urban battle command. There was far more to these operations than just those two days in October 1993. Personnel from all four U.S. armed services and those of many other nations worked for many months to bring relief to starving Somalis, introduce stability, and deliver a cruel clan head to justice. Together the sequence of the several operations and actions shown in Figure 2.1 might have achieved the status of a campaign had there been sufficient coherency of political guidance and operational continuity to link them logically.¹

    These months...

  10. CHAPTER THREE Challenges and Recommendations
    (pp. 35-98)

    Urban battle command makes exceptional demands on commanders at both the operational and tactical levels of war. We now consider the nature of these challenges for each element of battle command: command and leadership, control, ISR, and communications.

    To lend continuity to the following discussions, this analysis employs seven general categories:

    1. Look deeper in time and beyond military considerations during the backward planning process.

    2. Consider second- and higher-order effects during planning and war gaming.

    3. Doctrine asks lower-echelon leaders to look two levels up. Higher-echelon commanders need to consider the limits and perspectives of same nation and other...

  11. CHAPTER FOUR Conclusion
    (pp. 99-104)

    Grenada, Panama, Mogadishu, and Baghdad demonstrate the increasing likelihood that urban operations will be a major if not primary component of future U.S. combat operations. Los Angeles, Port-au-Prince, and Brcko similarly demonstrate that the urban environment will be commonplace in undertakings during which combat is at most but a threat. Whether the moniker is “battle command,” “mission command,” “command and control,” “C4ISR,” or some other, the undeniable truth is evident: U.S. ground forces have to be able to provide the leadership and management requisite to success during operations in densely populated built-up areas. It is not enough to simply preclude...

  12. Bibliography
    (pp. 105-114)