U.S. Interests in Central Asia

U.S. Interests in Central Asia: Policy Priorities and Military Roles

Olga Oliker
David A. Shlapak
Copyright Date: 2005
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 80
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  • Book Info
    U.S. Interests in Central Asia
    Book Description:

    The republics of Central Asia became more important to United States when U.S. forces were deployed there in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. The authors examine U.S. interests in the region, identify three main components of a successful military strategy there; and conclude that the U.S. military should have a relatively minor, but important, role in U.S. policy toward this part of the world.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4080-0
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. [Map]
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Preface
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Table of Contents
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Figures
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xviii)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xix-xxii)
  8. Acronyms
    (pp. xxiii-xxiv)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction: Policy Choices for a Remote but Critical Region
    (pp. 1-4)

    The current U.S. military presence in Central Asia is something of an historical accident. The question is whether or not it is also an anomaly. For the first ten years after Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan became independent, sovereign states, the United States saw its interests in the region as limited. What engagement there was demanded little from the U.S. military, and there seemed no reason that this should change in the future. The region was remote, landlocked, and of little strategic consequence. While its energy resources and proximity to Russia, Iran, and China did require some U.S. attention,...

  10. CHAPTER TWO Defining U.S. Interests in Central Asia
    (pp. 5-38)

    U.S. relations with the Central Asian states date back to the early 1990s, shortly after the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) made these countries independent. Although the contacts involved economic and military assistance and, in the case of Kazakhstan, increasing trade interests, the overall engagement effort of the early 1990s can best be described as limited. The United States assessed its security and economic interests in the region as fairly narrow, and policymakers were uncertain of Central Asian regimes’ reliability and concerned about their human rights records and economic and foreign policies.

    The extent to which...

  11. CHAPTER THREE The Military Role in U.S. Relations with Central Asia
    (pp. 39-50)

    The onset of U.S. military operations against the Taliban regime and its al Qaeda allies dramatically heightened the nature and extent of U.S. military engagement with the former Soviet republics of Central Asia. As a result of Operation Enduring Freedom, at the start of 2005 the United States Air Force (USAF) was operating two major bases in the region, at Karshi-Khanabad (known colloquially as “K2”) in Uzbekistan and at Manas International Airport (sometimes referred to as Ganci Air Base, after Chief Peter Ganci of the New York City Fire Department, who died in the September 11 terrorist attacks on the...

  12. Bibliography
    (pp. 51-55)