Economic Dimensions of Security in Central Asia

Economic Dimensions of Security in Central Asia

Sergej Mahnovski
Kamil Akramov
Theodore Karasik
Copyright Date: 2007
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 120
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  • Book Info
    Economic Dimensions of Security in Central Asia
    Book Description:

    This report assesses the economic dimensions of security in Central Asia, and considers their implications for the role of the United States. Economic development will be crucial to the future of Central Asia and broader U.S. interests in the region. However, it is unclear whether the states in the region have the institutional capacity to implement domestic reform. As the United States clarifies its long-term military relationships and commitments in the region, it should consider the region's economic development itself as a long-term security concern.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4242-2
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. [Map]
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Preface
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  6. Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  7. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xx)
  8. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxi-xxii)
  9. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxiii-xxvi)
  10. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)

    This report assesses the economic dimensions of security in post-Soviet Central Asia and considers their implications for the role of the United States. The September 11, 2001, attacks on the United States led those in policymaking circles to realize that instability, failed and failing states, and economic and political underdevelopment present security concerns not just to the states that suffer directly from these problems but to the global community as a whole. From this perspective, political, social, and economic trends in Central Asia merit attention.

    Economic development will play a pivotal role in the social and political stability of post-Soviet...

  11. CHAPTER TWO Economic Fault Lines
    (pp. 3-28)

    The states of post-Soviet Central Asia face unique institutional and structural challenges among the post-socialist transition states. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Central Asia has confronted significant transnational threats, particularly from the growth in drug trafficking, organized crime networks, and instability from Afghanistan, along with opportunities in the world market for its oil, natural gas, gold, and cotton exports. These have all played major roles in shaping the nature of governance in the region. Although poverty and the lack of economic opportunities are a part of the economic landscape throughout most of Central Asia, rising incomes, largely as...

  12. CHAPTER THREE Sectoral Trends and Implications
    (pp. 29-50)

    The agricultural sector accounts for a very large share of the workforce and is the employer of last resort in Central Asia. Since poverty is disproportionately severe in the countryside, agriculture will play a critical role in providing employment opportunities throughout the region, as shown in Table 3.1. Agricultural productivity and growth, however, are constrained by major state interventions in both input and output markets and by severe water shortages, particularly in the cotton and grain-growing areas in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. Malnourishment has been a problem in some parts of Central Asia, particularly in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.

    Severe unemployment has...

  13. CHAPTER FOUR Human Development and Social Trends
    (pp. 51-62)

    Long-term economic development depends on a healthy, well-educated, and capable workforce. The deterioration of health care services in Central Asia has cast doubt on the region’s ability to confront new health care challenges. In addition to the resurgence of infectious diseases¹ such as typhoid, and the contamination of the blood supply,² the incipient but rapid spread of HIV/AIDS from intravenous drug use is alarming.

    Until 1991, the Semashko model of health organization—named after the first minister of health in Soviet Russia—featured total state authority and control; significant centralization of administration, planning, and financing; and free medical assistance at...

  14. CHAPTER FIVE Conclusions and Implications for the United States
    (pp. 63-76)

    Recent events call to attention the long-term economic and social trends in Central Asia and their effect on stability and broader U.S. interests in the region. This chapter aims to integrate the discussion from previous chapters and draw policy conclusions in light of these events. Economic problems served as crucial focal points for popular discontent in both Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in 2005. However, regional experts provide strikingly diverse assessments on the prospects for economic development and stability in Central Asia, potentially resulting in equally divergent implications for U.S. policies. As events unfold, such assessments will evolve, but several possible outcomes...

  15. APPENDIX: U.S. and International Assistance to Central Asia Before and After 9/11
    (pp. 77-82)
  16. Bibliography
    (pp. 83-92)