A New Division of Labor

A New Division of Labor: Meeting America's Security Challenges Beyond Iraq

Andrew R. Hoehn
Adam Grissom
David A. Ochmanek
David A. Shlapak
Alan J. Vick
Copyright Date: 2007
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 138
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7249/mg499af
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  • Book Info
    A New Division of Labor
    Book Description:

    An emerging U.S. grand strategy--the promotion of democracy and freedom abroad--will certainly involve the U.S. armed forces. Although they must change to meet changes in emphasis and demand, theycannot risk their historic strengths. Some areas of interest are the organization and employment of forces, planning for future conflicts, developing information resources, and fostering partnerships among the services and with allies.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4250-7
    Subjects: Political Science, Management & Organizational Behavior

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-vi)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Summary
    (pp. ix-xxii)
  5. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxiii-xxiv)
  6. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxv-xxvi)
  7. CHAPTER ONE Promoting Democracy and Freedom Abroad
    (pp. 1-12)

    The sudden collapse of the Soviet Union set off a debate in this country—and indeed throughout much of the world—on what should be the successor strategy to the long years of containment. With the threat of communist expansion no longer the central preoccupation of U.S. foreign and defense policy, a wide array of informed commentators considered fundamental questions regarding America’s future role in the world. Their conclusions ranged from calls for a “new isolationism” to declarations of a “unipolar moment,” with many variations in between.¹ Some focused on America’s economic leadership in the world; others talked of America’s...

  8. CHAPTER TWO Conflict in the Post Post–Cold War World
    (pp. 13-26)

    While U.S. grand strategy is one important source of change in the geopolitical environment, it is not the sole, or even the primary, force at work; the world has dynamics and logics of its own that strategy must accommodate or change. While the security environment may exhibit a rough equilibrium for protracted periods, it is subject to occasional and often unpredictable eruptions of change. The world experienced one such seismic shock in the early 1990s when the Soviet Union imploded and the Cold War, which had dominated U.S. security thinking and military planning for four decades, came unexpectedly to an...

  9. CHAPTER THREE Toward a New Division of Labor
    (pp. 27-50)

    The grand strategy that the United States has adopted and the difficult challenges the nation will confront in the coming years beget a wide range of missions for its armed forces. They also call for different types of arrangements within U.S. alliances and partnerships, with more focus needed on new and emerging missions and a different focus on more-familiar missions in light of emerging threats.

    For the purposes of sizing and shaping the nation’s general-purpose and special operations forces (SOF), the following five missions are most relevant:

    countering terrorist and insurgent groups abroad

    helping to bring stability to emerging democracies...

  10. CHAPTER FOUR What Will It Mean to Be Joint?
    (pp. 51-60)

    Coming out of the American experiences in World War II, defense reforms for more than half a century have sought to unify U.S. military planning, centralize the resource allocation process, create efficiencies in acquisition and support activities, and strengthen civilian control over military decisions. But most importantly, defense reforms have sought to create the conditions for greater military effectiveness.

    The defense reforms immediately following World War II established the unified combatant commands. The reforms of 1958 took the military services out of the operational chain of command, in effect distinguishing between providers and users of forces—the military services as...

  11. CHAPTER FIVE Implications for the Armed Forces
    (pp. 61-96)

    Realigning the overall division of labor among the armed forces would be but part of the solution needed to align forces and capabilities to support U.S. grand strategy. DoD would also need to field different kinds of forces and capabilities. Here, we explore the implications of our assessment for the overall military establishment.

    Undergirding all the diverse capabilities of the U.S. armed forces are requirements for a new and daunting degree of information—about the enemy, about the environment, and about themselves. These requirements seem likely to grow and diversify. To put the problem in perspective, consider that the U.S....

  12. CHAPTER SIX Potential Actions for DoD’s Leadership
    (pp. 97-104)

    This report began by exploring the implications of three developments—terrorist groups with global reach, the proliferation of nuclear weapons, and the rise of China as a major power—that, collectively, spell the end of the post–Cold War era. We believe that these developments and the changes they have prompted in U.S. strategy will have profound and long-lasting effects on the nation and the ways in which it goes about protecting and advancing its interests worldwide. If U.S. armed forces are going to continue to serve the nation well, their capabilities, patterns of activity, and, in some cases, institutional...

  13. Bibliography
    (pp. 105-112)