Talking to the Enemy

Talking to the Enemy: Track Two Diplomacy in the Middle East and South Asia

Dalia Dassa Kaye
Copyright Date: 2007
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 166
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  • Book Info
    Talking to the Enemy
    Book Description:

    This monograph examines security-related track two diplomacy efforts in the Middle East and South Asia, including how such efforts have socialized participants into thinking about security in more cooperative terms, and whether the ideas generated in track two forums have been acknowledged at the societal level or influenced official policy. Kaye concludes with suggestions on how to improve future track two efforts.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4272-9
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Figure and Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Summary
    (pp. xi-xx)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxi-xxii)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxiii-xxvi)
  8. CHAPTER ONE Rethinking Track Two Diplomacy
    (pp. 1-30)

    How do adversaries manage to sit down and talk about long-standing conflicts while violence and mistrust continue to define their security relations?¹ While official diplomatic communications are the obvious way for adversaries to talk, in many instances adversaries cannot communicate openly given domestic sensitivities, particularly in cases in which parties may lack diplomatic relations or even officially deny the existence of the other. Because of such limitations, adversaries have often turned to unofficial channels, a method known as track two diplomacy. Although track two dialogues have taken place in a variety of conflict-prone regions for decades, they have significantly increased...

  9. CHAPTER TWO Regional Security Dialogues in the Middle East
    (pp. 31-74)

    Security-related regional track two dialogues have become a permanent fixture in the Middle East since the early 1990s, although their nature and content have evolved over time.¹ The emergence of the first official regional security and arms control forum in 1992—the ACRS Working Group of the multilateral peace process—encouraged much regional thinking and cooperation on regional security and stimulated or accelerated a number of related track two efforts.

    Despite some surprising progress, ACRS’s Arab-Israeli focus inevitably led to serious divisions over contentious issues, particularly Israel’s nuclear capabilities, halting the group’s work by 1995.² ACRS’s demise and the general...

  10. CHAPTER THREE Regional Security Dialogues in South Asia
    (pp. 75-104)

    As in the Middle East, South Asia experienced the growth of track two dialogues in the 1990s, many of which focused on security-related issues. One survey found that by 1996, more than 40 nonofficial dialogues were operating within South Asia and that another dozen were taking place outside the region with regular regional participation (Behera, Evans, and Rizvi, 1997, p. 4). The end of the Cold War and the uncertain role of extraregional actors (in conjunction with the rise of neighboring China) led to greater regional interest and activism in addressing a multitude of regional conflicts and challenges. Because the...

  11. CHAPTER FOUR Conclusion
    (pp. 105-122)

    Even in conflict-ridden regions such as the Middle East and South Asia, long-standing security postures and military doctrines are not immune to influence and change, particularly as the barriers between official and unofficial societal groups begin to erode. Track two dialogues among influential policy elites focusing on security-related issues are an increasingly important part of the changing landscape in both regions.

    While such dialogues rarely lead to dramatic policy shifts and resolution of long-standing regional conflicts, they have played a significant role in shaping the views, attitudes, and knowledge bases of core groups of security elites, both civilian and military,...

  12. Bibliography
    (pp. 123-138)
  13. About the Author
    (pp. 139-140)