The Thin Green Line

The Thin Green Line: An Assessment of DoD's Readiness and Environmental Protection Initiative to Buffer Installation Encroachment

Beth E. Lachman
Anny Wong
Susan A. Resetar
Copyright Date: 2007
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 254
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  • Book Info
    The Thin Green Line
    Book Description:

    This monograph assesses the effectiveness of DoD's Readiness and Environmental Protection Initiative to help testing and training installations deal with encroachment from sprawl and other sources. The authors identify the main causes of encroachment; detail the benefits, both to the military and local communities, of buffering areas near installations with REPI projects; and provide recommendations for how to improve REPI's effectiveness.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4450-1
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xxiv)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xxv-xxvi)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxvii-xxx)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)

    When most U.S. military installations were created, they were located far from major cities and towns. Because of a growing population and changing land development patterns over the past several decades, military lands that are vital for training and testing to support military readiness are increasingly becoming surrounded by urban, suburban, and other types of land development. Land development next to an installation, especially extensive residential development, can affect the installation’s operational capability. Noise, dust, and smoke from weapons, vehicles, and aircraft prompt citizen complaints about military training and testing. Commanders frequently must choose between being good neighbors and meeting...

  10. CHAPTER TWO Understanding the Encroachment Threat
    (pp. 3-18)

    To measure the effectiveness of the REPI program at addressing installation encroachment, it is important to understand the current and future encroachment threat to installations and what is being done to address it. This chapter defines encroachment, assesses its significance to military operations, identifies its fundamental causes, and determines whether these causes are getting worse over time. The next chapter explains how encroachment is being addressed.

    This section explains how encroachment on installation testing and training poses a serious problem because it can, and has started to, degrade military readiness. It explains the types of encroachment and describes the ways...

  11. CHAPTER THREE How Encroachment Is Being Addressed
    (pp. 19-36)

    This chapter explains what DoD and nonmilitary organizations are doing to address encroachment. First, the main OSD and Service activities are explained. Then, the chapter briefly describes how other organizations, including NGOs and other federal, state, and local agencies, are also addressing the fundamental causes of encroachment.

    Congress and DoD have recognized the need to deal with encroachment. OSD and the Services have a number of programs and activities designed to do so. OSD’s most overarching activity to address encroachment is the Sustainable Ranges Initiative (SRI), which focuses on the sustainability of military testing and training ranges. The REPI program...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Methodology and Criteria for Assessing the Accomplishments of the Buffering Activities
    (pp. 37-44)

    This chapter presents an overview of the study methodology. Then it describes the criteria for assessing the accomplishments of the installation buffering activities described here. The criteria include both effectiveness and efficiency measures.

    The methodology for this study comprised three main parts: a literature review, buffering project installation case studies, and interviews with other experts. The case studies were of two types: in-depth case studies including installation site visits and telephone interviews at other installations. There also was a limited analysis of changes in land and conservation easement values over time.

    As part of this analysis process, RAND analysts developed...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE Assessing Accomplishments Across All the Buffering Projects
    (pp. 45-78)

    This chapter assesses accomplishments across all of the case studies, first, by analyzing the effectiveness of the buffering projects and then by analyzing their efficiency. These analyses looked across the buffering activities in all six in-depth case studies, and some common themes emerged in terms of effectiveness and efficiency. Results of these analyses were consistent and were confirmed by other cases examined, including information learned during phone interviews with staff and partners at Camp Blanding, Florida; MCB Camp Lejeune, North Carolina; Camp Ripley, Minnesota; U.S. Army Garrison, Hawaii; and NAS Whidbey Island, Washington.¹ In addition to being informed by the...

  14. CHAPTER SIX Findings
    (pp. 79-94)

    This chapter describes the study findings. These findings are based on the analysis of the in-depth and other case studies and the interviews conducted as part of those studies. They were also informed by other interviews, literature review, and analyses of additional sources. One key finding is that the REPI program appears, thus far, to be effective, but it could be even more effective by addressing a number of effectiveness and efficiency issues. Since this finding was discussed in great depth in the previous chapter, it is not discussed further here.

    For discussion purposes, these findings are grouped into the...

  15. CHAPTER SEVEN Recommendations to Improve Military Conservation Buffering
    (pp. 95-106)

    This assessment found that the REPI program and installation conservation buffering projects, so far, appear to be effective at helping prevent some encroachment problems, but more can be done. In addition, it is too soon to predict the long-term success at solving most encroachment problems. At some installations, such as Fort Carson, there is the strong potential to prevent most of the installations’ encroachment problems. However, a number of program improvements are needed to help reach this goal and improve program effectiveness, as discussed in Chapter Six. In this chapter, recommendations are made as to how to meet these needs...

  16. APPENDIX A The Importance of Biodiversity
    (pp. 107-110)
  17. APPENDIX B An Assessment of Eglin AFB’s Buffering Activities
    (pp. 111-128)
  18. APPENDIX C An Assessment of Fort Carson’s Buffering Activities
    (pp. 129-142)
  19. APPENDIX D An Assessment of Fort Stewart’s Buffering Activities
    (pp. 143-158)
  20. APPENDIX E An Assessment of MCAS Beaufort’s Buffering Activities
    (pp. 159-174)
  21. APPENDIX F An Assessment of NAS Fallon’s Buffering Activities
    (pp. 175-188)
  22. APPENDIX G An Assessment of NAS Whiting Field’s Buffering Activities
    (pp. 189-200)
  23. APPENDIX H Background Information on Selected Buffering Projects
    (pp. 201-210)
  24. APPENDIX I The Land Price Trend Analysis
    (pp. 211-214)
  25. Bibliography
    (pp. 215-224)