Small Ships in Theater Security Cooperation

Small Ships in Theater Security Cooperation

Robert W. Button
Irv Blickstein
Laurence Smallman
David Newton
Michele A. Poole
Michael Nixon
Copyright Date: 2008
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 72
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  • Book Info
    Small Ships in Theater Security Cooperation
    Book Description:

    The authors evaluate the use of small ships in theater security cooperation (TSC). They provide the U.S. Navy with a concept of operation for small ships in TSC, necessary small ship characteristics, a survey of suitable ships, and recommendations for increasing the effectiveness of TSC operations conducted with a small vessel. The report concludes that, with a mothership, the PC-1 Cyclone Class would be fully capable for use in TSC.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4592-8
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xi-xvi)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xix-xx)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction and Objectives
    (pp. 1-6)

    The United States entered the War on Terror following the events of September 11, 2001. The National Security Strategy, the National Defense Strategy, and the National Military Strategy have since been altered to accommodate the additional requirements and new priorities needed to win this war. With regard to the U.S. Navy, the Chief of Naval Operations established the following Navy missions in support of the War on Terror:

    Deny terrorists the use of the maritime environment.

    Enable partner nations to counter terrorists in the maritime environment.

    Deny the use of the maritime environment for the proliferation of weapons of mass...

  10. CHAPTER TWO Linking Missions and Tasks
    (pp. 7-22)

    Our study used a strategies-to-tasks approach to develop the characteristics required of a small vessel conducting TSC operations. The benefit of this approach is that it links high-level national objectives to the capabilities of specific systems through the development of task lists.¹ In preparation for this project, OPNAV N816 independently produced a task list for TSC using an established breakdown of mission areas and associated tasks. These two task lists are reconciled under the strategies-to-tasks methodology to produce a capability set for both task lists.

    N816’s task list included many tasks that a small vessel will never undertake, such as...

  11. CHAPTER 3 Linking Tasks to Capabilities
    (pp. 23-26)

    The previous chapter defined tasks and first-order capabilities required of the small ship under the N816 task list and for the task list developed by RAND for this study. We now refine the following first-order capabilities shown in Figures 2.1–2.6 across both task lists:

    Operate freely in shallow water. The small ship will need to operate close to shore in parts of the world where oceanographic information may be limited or based on old surveys. A vessel constrained to deep water because of fears of grounding would be limited in its effectiveness, particularly in the close to shore coastal...

  12. CHAPTER 4 Capabilities-to-Characteristics and Options
    (pp. 27-30)

    This chapter continues our strategies-to-tasks methodology by relating the capabilities described in the previous chapter to vessel characteristics. Constraints, tradeoffs between desired capabilities, and obvious balance points are identified. Many of the key capabilities relate to the primary characteristics of the small ship in a complex many-to-many manner as depicted in Figure 4.1.

    Such relationships cannot be finally determined without considering detailed designs, which would be beyond the scope of this study. Instead, study analysts adopted a qualitative approach, relying upon insights from interviews with shipbuilding industry and naval experts experienced in small vessel design and operation, together with the...

  13. CHAPTER 5 Vessel Survey and Assessment
    (pp. 31-38)

    We considered more than 1,000 vessels from over 60 nations in our world survey.¹ Unsurprisingly, the survey yielded three groupings of vessels that aligned closely in size (tonnage) with the three classes of vessel we identified previously. Figure 5.1 lists six vessels that are representative of the database survey findings and that broadly meet the capabilities of the three classes identified during our theoretical approach.

    Additionally, the study team approached several European navies to discern how they meet the requirements for the types of operations envisaged for the small vessel. France and the United Kingdom, which both undertake constabulary roles...

  14. CHAPTER 6 Findings, Observations, and Next Steps
    (pp. 39-42)

    Each vessel class comes with strengths and weaknesses. The following paragraphs summarize key points for each class.

    The nearshore patrol vessel is the smallest and least-expensive vessel with greatest access to shallow waters and minor ports. The low unit procurement cost would be offset for the U.S. Navy, however, by the need for a dedicated, specialized mothership to support this vessel. The nearshore patrol vessel has the worst habitability, would be the least survivable in rough seas or because of enemy action, and would be the least-capable vessel. Finally, while it is an attractive entry-level vessel to some nations, potential...

  15. CHAPTER 7 Epilogue
    (pp. 43-44)

    Shortly after this analysis was briefed out to the U.S. Navy, the service was directed to examine the PC-1 Cyclone Class (shown in Figure 7.1) as a small ship for use in TSC. For use in TSC, the PC-1 was to be given an updated propulsion system and improved command and control for greater connectivity. A non-stabilized 25-mm gun was to be replaced by a stabilized 25-mm gun. The PC-1 displaces 331 tons, placing it toward the low end of the coastal patrol vessel band (300–700 tons).

    At the U.S. Navy’s request, the RAND study team conducted a short...

  16. APPENDIX A Environmental Analysis
    (pp. 45-48)
  17. APPENDIX B Extended Task List
    (pp. 49-50)
  18. Bibliography
    (pp. 51-52)