Barriers to the Broad Dissemination of Creative Works in the Arab World

Barriers to the Broad Dissemination of Creative Works in the Arab World

Lowell H. Schwartz
Todd C. Helmus
Dalia Dassa Kaye
Nadia Oweidat
Copyright Date: 2009
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 58
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  • Book Info
    Barriers to the Broad Dissemination of Creative Works in the Arab World
    Book Description:

    A growing body of creative works by Arab authors and artists counters the intellectual and ideological underpinnings of violent extremism. Unfortunately, many of these works are not widely disseminated, marginalizing the influence of these alternative voices. This monograph examines the barriers to the broad dissemination of such works, with a focus on Arabic literature, and suggests ways to overcome these barriers.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4883-7
    Subjects: Art & Art History, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figure
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-xii)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xv-xvi)
  8. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)

    Many analysts have examined the media that violent extremists use to communicate their core messages. Far less research, however, has been devoted to creative works in the Islamic world. Large bodies of creative works, often unknown in the United States, can play an important role in countering the intellectual and ideological underpinnings of violent extremism.¹ Unfortunately, many of these works are not widely known or disseminated in the Arab world. The central research question of this study is disentangling thewhybehind this state of affairs. What factors prevent the broader production and dissemination of works offering constructive themes and...

  9. CHAPTER TWO Barriers to the Distribution of Media Products in the Middle East
    (pp. 3-16)

    The difficulties involved in the production and distribution of creative works in the Middle East cannot be separated from the overall political and social climate of the region. The challenges facing the Arab world were summarized in the Arab Human Development Report series produced by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (UNDP, 2002, 2003a, 2005, 2006). The UNDP’s key diagnosis was that the Arab world suffered from three fundamental deficits: in political rights, in women’s rights, and in knowledge. According to the UNDP reports, these deficits together are obstacles to human development across the region.

    We explore three critical sources...

  10. CHAPTER THREE Learning from History: The Cold War Experience
    (pp. 17-30)

    During the 45-year Cold War, the U.S. and British governments utilized various forms of media in their ideological conflict with the Soviet Union. While there are significant differences between the U.S. efforts to counter extremism and the Cold War confrontation with the Soviet Union, key lessons can be learned from this period.¹

    The Cold War was the last time the U.S. and British governments conducted large-scale political warfare. The point of comparison for this chapter is how Western governments organized themselves and executed policy during this Cold War era and what lessons can be drawn from these efforts today. This...

  11. CHAPTER FOUR Policy Recommendations
    (pp. 31-36)

    Our research indicates that there are three major barriers to the greater dissemination of creative works in the Middle East region: censorship, the market, and distribution channels. This chapter offers a series of policy recommendations for overcoming these barriers. It is important to note that most of these recommendations include the involvement of nongovernmental actors or international allies (supported by the U.S. government) more than direct or overt actions by the U.S. government.

    The United States, through its economic, military, and political power, retains significant influence in the Middle East. The United States could use some of its influence to...

  12. Bibliography
    (pp. 37-42)