The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in HIV Prevention and Care in Central America

The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in HIV Prevention and Care in Central America

Kathryn Pitkin Derose
David E. Kanouse
David P. Kennedy
Kavita Patel
Alice Taylor
Kristin J. Leuschner
Homero Martinez
Copyright Date: 2010
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 122
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  • Book Info
    The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in HIV Prevention and Care in Central America
    Book Description:

    Describes the involvement of churches and other faith-based organizations (FBOs) in addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras. The authors describe the range of FBO activities and discuss the advantages and challenges to such involvement and possible ways that FBOs can enhance their efforts, both independently and in collaboration with other organizations, such as government ministries of health.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4984-1
    Subjects: Business, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xi-xvi)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xix-xx)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-10)

    HIV/AIDS in Latin America has been called “the overlooked epidemic,” because it has been overshadowed by epidemics of larger scale and severity in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. The number of people living with HIV (PLWH) in Latin America reached 1.7 million by the end of 2007 (UNAIDS, 2008a). The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS project (UNAIDS) estimated that the epidemic will increase to 3.5 million by 2015 unless a scale-up in prevention occurs. Although AIDS accounts for a relatively small fraction of all adult deaths in most Latin American countries, the economic effects...

  10. CHAPTER TWO Background and Overview of the Region
    (pp. 11-28)

    To fully understand the role that FBOs currently play in addressing HIV/AIDS, and the role they might play in the future, it is important to appreciate first the scope of needed services for HIV/AIDS prevention and care. This chapter draws on published reports to provide a brief overview of the contexts regarding HIV epidemiology and HIV services in Belize, Honduras, and Guatemala. Epidemiologically, we focus on who is affected by HIV/AIDS and describe the scope and distribution of HIV/AIDS in these countries. Organizationally, we consider what HIV/AIDS services (including prevention and treatment) are provided in each country and what policies...

  11. CHAPTER THREE Faith-Based Organizations’ HIV/AIDS Activities
    (pp. 29-50)

    To understand how FBOs might best be engaged in addressing HIV/AIDS in Central America, we first examine what HIV/AIDS-related activities they are currently involved in, since that provides an initial indication of what they are able and willing to do. We examine those activities in this chapter, reporting results from our fieldwork in Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras. This fieldwork included qualitative interviews of a range of stakeholders, including FBO leaders, government officials, health care providers, people living with HIV, representatives of bilateral assistance agencies, and leaders from other NGOs, as well as site visits to FBO HIV-related programs.

    We examined...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Facilitators of and Barriers to FBO HIV/AIDS Activities
    (pp. 51-72)

    Our interviews with health and FBO leaders not only also described the range of HIV/AIDS-related activities in which FBOs were involved, but also provided insights into the ways in which FBOs are well suited to get involved in HIV/AIDS as well as the barriers that can hinder involvement. These insights can be important to consider when examining the role of FBOs in HIV/AIDS, since they suggest areas of particular strength (i.e., areas in which FBO involvement could be expanded) as well as challenges that could limit effectiveness or might need to be addressed to enhance effectiveness. In this chapter, we...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE Discussion
    (pp. 73-88)

    In previous chapters, we reviewed the need for HIV services in Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras (Chapter Two), the way that health and FBOs have been involved in HIV in these countries (Chapter Three), and the facilitators of and barriers to FBO involvement (Chapter Four). In this chapter, we draw together findings of earlier chapters and discuss implications for the roles that FBOs might most effectively play in addressing the HIV epidemic in these countries.

    Although HIV/AIDS in Latin America has received less international attention than has the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, the epidemic has had far-reaching consequences in the...

  14. APPENDIX Study Approach and Methods
    (pp. 89-94)
  15. References
    (pp. 95-102)