EU Civilian Crisis Management

EU Civilian Crisis Management: The Record So Far

Christopher S. Chivvis
Copyright Date: 2010
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 68
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  • Book Info
    EU Civilian Crisis Management
    Book Description:

    The European Union has been deploying civilians in conflict and postconflict stabilization missions since 2003, and the scope of civilian missions is likely to increase in the future. This volume offers a general overview and assessment of the EU's civilian operations to date, as well as a more in-depth look at the two missions in which the EU has worked alongside NATO: Afghanistan and Kosovo.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-5024-3
    Subjects: History, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures and Tables
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Summary
    (pp. ix-xii)
  6. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xiii-xiv)
  7. Abbreviations
    (pp. xv-xvi)
  8. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-4)

    Over the past few years the U.S. policy community has moved toward a consensus on the critical importance of civilian or “civilian-military” work to the success of the military operations in which U.S. armed forces are engaged.¹ Developing effective U.S. civilian capabilities, however, requires understanding the capabilities of other actors and international organizations in particular, not only because these organizations have much to contribute, but also because U.S. staff will more often than not be expected to coordinate with them. Among these international organizations, the European Union, with the United Nations, is one of the most prominent. This report offers...

  9. CHAPTER TWO The European Union’s Civilian-Military Capabilities
    (pp. 5-16)

    Developing civilian capability has long been viewed as crucial to the success of the broader European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). ESDP was launched in 1999, at a summit in St. Malo, France, and has developed into a mechanism by which members of the European Union can take joint military action to respond to crises with combined military and civilian power. Many of the driving ideas behind ESDP are rooted in the experience of the Balkan crises of the 1990s and the belief that the European Union was better equipped than NATO to handle the postconflict reconstruction phases of these...

  10. CHAPTER THREE EUPOL Afghanistan
    (pp. 17-30)

    So far, the EU has undertaken two civilian missions that operate as part of a larger nation-building effort in which NATO is a key actor: first, the EU Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL Afghanistan); second, the EU Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo (EULEX Kosovo). Both of these missions have been relatively ambitious, although the Kosovo mission far more so, a fact that reflects Europe’s long investment in stabilizing the Balkans. Each deserves a more in-depth treatment. This chapter thus examines the EUPOL Afghanistan mission, while Chapter Four looks at EULEX Kosovo.

    The purpose of the EUPOL Afghanistan is to...

    (pp. 31-42)

    The EULEX Kosovo mission is the most ambitious civilian mission the EU has undertaken to date. Mandated by the European Council in February 2008 to strengthen the rule of law in Kosovo, EULEX is not only the largest such EU civilian mission, it is also the first integrated mission, with staff for police, rule of law, and customs and border patrol.¹ EULEX is also the first EU mission with executive power—that is, the power to intervene directly in Kosovo’s affairs. EU officials on the ground, however, prefer to emphasize the mission’s monitoring, mentoring, and advisory focus. Finally, EULEX has...

  12. CHAPTER FIVE Conclusions
    (pp. 43-48)

    Since its first mission in 2003, the EU has deployed civilians in several capacities and a variety of environments, ranging from benign to hostile. At the same time, the EU has continually reformed and worked to rationalize the relevant institutions in Brussels to improve the EU’s civilian record. These missions, however, have been relatively small in scale, and so far have not, in general, had a major impact on security challenges of significance to the United States. The notable exception is the integrated mission in Kosovo, and perhaps the EU Police Mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    EU missions have faced several hurdles,...

  13. References
    (pp. 49-52)
  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 53-53)