Reducing Gun Violence

Reducing Gun Violence: Results from an Intervention in East Los Angeles

Copyright Date: 2010
Edition: 2
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 82
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  • Book Info
    Reducing Gun Violence
    Book Description:

    To assess whether an initiative to reduce gun violence that had been successful in Boston could be adapted for use elsewhere, researchers selected an East Los Angeles area for a similar intervention that was to include both law enforcement and social service components. Although the latter component was not widely available when the intervention began, researchers found that the intervention helped reduce violent and gang crime in the targeted districts and that crime also decreased in surrounding communities.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-5143-1
    Subjects: Sociology, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-vi)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xviii)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xix-xx)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xxi-xxii)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Reducing Gun Violence in Urban Areas
    (pp. 1-8)

    Violent crime, especially gun homicide, is concentrated in particular locations and populations. It afects cities more than other areas of the United States and is more likely to be committed by and against young males. Within cities, both violent crime and gun homicide by youths are concentrated in neighborhoods with high levels of poverty, drug dealing, and/or gang activity. One recent response to this concentration of violence was the Boston Gun Project, also known as Operation Ceaseire, formed by a coalition of Boston-based researchers, community leaders, criminal justice agency representatives, and clergy who researched, designed, implemented, and monitored a project...

  10. CHAPTER TWO Implementing the Hollenbeck Initiative
    (pp. 9-20)

    The Hollenbeck initiative was designed by a working group that eventually included nearly a score of law enforcement, community-based, and faith-based organizations and institutions (Table 2.1). As the Boston project had, the Hollenbeck initiative quickly came to draw upon support of area churches, including those in the East Los Angeles Deanery of the Catholic Archdiocese. In the first meeting of the working group within Hollenbeck, for example, 14 of the 17 persons in attendance were priests from area parishes. More generally, there is a long tradition of classic, gang-based "street intervention", in the area.¹ Homeboy Industries/Jobs for a Future, a...

  11. CHAPTER THREE Evaluating the Initiative
    (pp. 21-46)

    All elements of the initiative were targeted at the ive reporting districts near the site of the triggering event. Some elements of the initiative, such as “retailing” of its message as well as its social services and other com- munity engagement programs, were targeted more broadly throughout Boyle Heights. he balance of Hollenbeck, or that part of Hollenbeck north of the San Bernardino Freeway, received no intervention. hese varying intervention levels present three geographic com- parisons for determining the efectiveness of the initiative in reducing violent crime, gang crime, and gun crime. he comparisons include the following:

    Boyle Heights compared...

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Implications for Future Adaptations
    (pp. 47-56)

    What do the results of Operation Ceasefire in Hollenbeck indicate for future adaptations of similar initiatives? To answer this question, we review the effects of the Hollenbeck initiative. We also look at how well the initiative was implemented and how similar initiatives might be implemented more easily and effectively.

    The broadest parts of the initiative, particularly “retailing” the message of the pending implementation in the hope that the news would lead to widespread reduction of crime in the wake of actual implementation, appears to have had no discernible effect on crime in the immediate aftermath of implementation or during the...

  13. Bibliography
    (pp. 57-59)
  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 60-60)