Infectious Disease and National Security

Infectious Disease and National Security: Strategic Information Needs

Gary Cecchine
Melinda Moore
Copyright Date: 2006
Edition: 1
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 126
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  • Book Info
    Infectious Disease and National Security
    Book Description:

    The pace of global travel, migration, and commerce has brought about an increased risk of a worldwide infectious disease outbreak. This report examines infectious disease within the context of national security and assesses the need for and adequacy of information that will enable U.S. policymakers to prevent and respond to such threats.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-4116-6
    Subjects: Political Science, Health Sciences

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-viii)
  4. Figures
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. Tables
    (pp. xi-xii)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xiii-xvi)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xix-xx)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-4)

    The emergence and spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 caused significant effects on the health, trade, and economies of a number of countries, particularly in Asia. Today, the world faces the potential threat of a human pandemic arising from avian influenza. While SARS did not cause significant mortality and morbidity within the United States, it served as yet another sobering lesson that emerging infectious diseases (EID) can have a significant effect on U.S. national security, with potential health, social, military, economic, and political effects. This lesson applies not only to newly emerging infectious diseases such as SARS,...

  10. CHAPTER TWO Background: Challenges of and Responses to Infectious Disease Threats
    (pp. 5-14)

    Response to infectious disease threats is a long-standing priority of health agencies in the United States and around the world. The link between infectious disease and national security is a relatively new concept. Understanding the challenges of infectious disease threats from this perspective provides a background from which to address our research questions about information needs and the adequacy of currently available information. The first section in this chapter highlights the toll and challenges of infectious diseases; the second section describes U.S. and global responses in recent years.

    Approximately a quarter of all deaths in the world today are due...

  11. CHAPTER THREE Addressing a New Paradigm: Infectious Disease and National Security
    (pp. 15-28)

    Our first research question asks how the emerging link between global infectious disease and U.S. national security has been perceived and acted upon across government sectors. This chapter begins with a section describing the evolution of this new paradigm, the effects of infectious disease on security, the implications of a biosecurity policy orientation to natural disease outbreaks, and the implications for global disease reporting. This chapter then summarizes a number of recent U.S. security initiatives addressing infectious diseases. The final section presents the views of stakeholders we interviewed regarding their perceptions of the link between infectious disease and national security....

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Defining Information Needs: Interviews with Stakeholders
    (pp. 29-38)

    Our second study objective called for assessment of the information needs of U.S. policymakers related to infectious diseases in the context of U.S. national security, and our third objective called for assessment of the adequacy of available information. Therefore, we sought input from a broad range of potential stakeholders, mostly within the federal government. This chapter describes our methods and our findings regarding stakeholder information needs, as well as the stakeholders’ suggestions for enhanced information systems.

    We identified each federal department with a potential interest in global infectious diseases, and within each, specific agencies or offices with specific interests in...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE Assessing the Adequacy of Current Information: A Survey of Online Sources
    (pp. 39-52)

    Our third research question asks about the adequacy of currently available information related to global infectious disease. The preceding chapter summarized the views of stakeholders regarding current information sources and ideas for improvements. In this chapter, we describe a more systematic assessment of currently available information.

    We compiled and assessed Internet-based (“online”) sources of information relevant to infectious diseases globally (see Appendix C for the complete list and brief descriptions of the sources we assessed). Online information sources are added or changed frequently. Therefore, while not purporting to have captured all such sources, we encompassed a number and range of...

  14. CHAPTER SIX Synthesis, Conclusions, and Recommendations
    (pp. 53-60)

    As described throughout this report, a key theme regarding infectious diseases over the past century, and likely into the future, is change. Some changes present challenges, while others present opportunities. The world is being challenged by a resurgence of infectious disease mortality; the emergence and rapid spread of new diseases, including zoonotic diseases and diseases resistant to antimicrobial drugs; and the broad impact of infectious diseases on trade, security, and economic development. Opportunities arise from new perspectives, new stakeholders, new technologies, and new approaches to disease detection and control. The following discussion synthesizes challenges, opportunities, and new initiatives related to...

  15. APPENDIX A Organizations Interviewed
    (pp. 61-62)
  16. APPENDIX B Interview Guide
    (pp. 63-64)
  17. APPENDIX C List of Online Sources
    (pp. 65-96)
  18. References
    (pp. 97-105)