Measuring the Effectiveness of Border Security Between Ports-of-Entry

Measuring the Effectiveness of Border Security Between Ports-of-Entry

Henry H. Willis
Joel B. Predd
Paul K. Davis
Wayne P. Brown
Copyright Date: 2010
Published by: RAND Corporation
Pages: 66
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    Measuring the Effectiveness of Border Security Between Ports-of-Entry
    Book Description:

    This report offers research and recommendations on ways to measure the overall efforts of the national border-security enterprise between ports of entry. Focusing on three missions--illegal drug control, counterterrorism, and illegal migration--this report recommends ways to measure performance of U.S. border-security efforts in terms of interdiction, deterrence, and exploiting networked intelligence.

    eISBN: 978-0-8330-5077-9
    Subjects: Political Science, Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-ii)
  2. Preface
    (pp. iii-iv)
  3. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  4. Figures
    (pp. vii-viii)
  5. Tables
    (pp. ix-x)
  6. Summary
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  7. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xv-xvi)
  8. Abbreviations
    (pp. xvii-xviii)
  9. CHAPTER ONE Introduction
    (pp. 1-2)

    Three U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) component agencies carry out the majority of border-security missions: the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). The total effort expended each year by these agencies to secure borders exceeds $12 billion and involves construction of new infrastructure, acquisition of advanced surveillance technologies, and more than 60,000 officers, agents, pilots, civilians, and enlisted personnel (DHS, 2009a).

    Strategic planning is necessary if the department is to carry out its border-security missions effectively and efficiently. Senior leadership must align DHS strategic planning with national strategies that...

  10. CHAPTER TWO General Missions, Focus Missions, and Criteria for Measuring Effectiveness
    (pp. 3-6)

    Our task includes sorting out what DHS’s border-security efforts should accomplish, establishing measures that will be useful and meaningful, and connecting those efforts to other missions and to the efforts of other agencies within and outside DHS.

    Background research was crucial to developing recommendations for measuring the effectiveness of border-security efforts. It included (1) headquarters-level discussions of border security with the USCG, CBP, and ICE; (2) review of relevant past studies by government agencies, think tanks, and academics; and (3) field visits and observation of U.S. Border Patrol operations in the southwest region. Building on this research, we sought to...

  11. CHAPTER THREE A Conceptual Model of Border Security as a Foundation for Measurement
    (pp. 7-14)

    Our separate considerations of the drug control, illegal migration, and counterterrorism missions led us to a common conceptual model of border security. The model captures the essence of how DHS border-security efforts contribute to these three missions, and motivates a set of measures against which border-security investments should be assessed. In this chapter, we describe our conceptual model and the fundamental border-security functions of interdiction, deterrence, and exploitation of networked intelligence.

    The most fundamental concept in our model of border security is the notion of cross-borderflow, which we define as the movement of people or material across the border....

  12. CHAPTER FOUR Contributions of Border Security to Drug Control, Counterterrorism, and Illegal Migration
    (pp. 15-22)

    In this chapter, we use the concepts of Chapter Three to describe how the fundamental functions of border-security efforts contribute to focus missions of drug control, counterterrorism, and illegal migration control.

    The border-security mission of preventing illegal drug smuggling contributes to the broader goals outlined in the National Drug Control Strategy (ONDCP, 2009):

    stopping initiation

    reducing drug abuse and addiction

    disrupting the market for illegal drugs.

    Achieving these national goals requires a breadth of functions that include treatment, prevention, domestic enforcement, and source-country control—in addition to border security. As a result, executing the national drug-control policy requires coordination among...

  13. CHAPTER FIVE Recommended Measures for Controlling Drugs, Immigration, and Border Crossing by Terrorists
    (pp. 23-30)

    As described in earlier chapters and as summarized in Figure 5.1, we suggest a generic conceptual model that highlights interdiction, deterrence, and exploiting networked intelligence as key functions for each of the three special missions (controlling drug smuggling, controlling illegal immigration, and contributing to counterterrorism). This chapter provides more detail and some discussion of subtleties regarding the measures themselves. For each of the three functions, it describes the measures, submeasures, and special measurement issues raised in the descriptions of the focus missions in Chapter Four. Table 5.1 summarizes this discussion.

    The principal proposed measure for interdicting flow is Interdiction Rate,...

  14. CHAPTER SIX Implementing Steps to Measure Border Security
    (pp. 31-48)

    In this report, we propose a set of measures of border security that reflects the contributions that DHS programs make toward three fundamental functions: interdicting illegal flows, deterring illegal flows, and exploiting networked intelligence (see Table 5.1 in Chapter Five). These measures were selected with four criteria in mind:

    soundness: the measures reflect what is important

    reliability: the measures are easy to interpret and are difficult to manipulate

    usefulness: the measures can be feasibly monitored

    generality: the measures can be broadly applied to DHS border-security efforts.

    Soundness and reliability of the measures come from their connections to the conceptual model...

  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 49-49)