**Book Description:**

*Surveying Natural Populations* is a user-friendly primer
to the essential methodologies of quantitative field ecology or
paleoecology. Combining the intuitive methods of the field
researcher with the mathematical precision of the statistician, the
volume determines, through real biodiversity and ecological
examples, the necessary measures for a complete community
assessment while clarifying the confusions between biological and
statistical terminology. Focusing on underlying mathematical
concepts, it describes how to complete incrementally a quantitative
sampling of any recent or fossil population.

The first half of *Surveying Natural Populations*
explains the fundamentals of ecological assessment. Employing a
single data set throughout, initial chapters navigate such topics
as estimating densities, relative abundance, occurrences, the
determination of adequate sample sizes and field sampling schemes.
The second half covers the newest advances in biodiversity
measurement. Through the use of information mathematics and
decomposition, the authors mathematically examine the relationship
among a number of proposed diversity indices and discard
inappropriate measures. What remains is a simple, all-encompassing
system called SHE analysis, in which species density, richness,
information, and evenness are all shown to be related explicitly.
This biodiversity data is then integrated into a simple graphic, a
plot called a biodiversitygram, which provides the researcher with
a cohesive descriptive and inferential tool to assess any
community's biodiversity.

**eISBN:**978-0-231-53496-3

**Subjects:**Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Science, Mathematics, Statistics