China and India

China and India: Prospects for Peace

Jonathan Holslag
Copyright Date: 2010
Pages: 248
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  • Book Info
    China and India
    Book Description:

    For all their spectacular growth, China and India must still lift a hundred million citizens out of poverty and create jobs for the numerous laborers. Both powers hope trade and investment will sustain national unity. For the first time, Jonathan Holslag identifies these objectives as new sources of rivalry and argues that China and India cannot grow without fierce contest.

    Though he recognizes that both countries wish to maintain stable relations, Holslag argues that success in implementing economic reform will give way to conflict. This rivalry is already tangible in Asia as a whole, where shifting patterns of economic influence have altered the balance of power and have led to shortsighted policies that undermine regional stability. Holslag also demonstrates that despite two decades of peace, mutual perceptions have become hostile, and a military game of tit-for-tat promises to diminish prospects for peace.

    Holslag therefore refutes the notion that development and interdependence lead to peace, and he does so by embedding rich empirical evidence within broader debates on international relations theory. His book is down-to-earth and realistic while also taking into account the complexities of internal policymaking. The result is a fascinating portrait of the complicated interaction among economic, political, military, and perceptional levels of diplomacy.

    eISBN: 978-0-231-52097-3
    Subjects: Political Science, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-xii)
    (pp. 1-8)

    In the last six decades the Sino-Indian relationship has been driven by an ambivalent mixture of common yearning for respect as prominent international actors and the mutual rivalry that their quests for power created in overlapping spheres of influence. It fell once into an open war, tottered at least five times on the verge of war, and on numerous occasions slid into a diplomatic war of nerves. This book demonstrates why the two Asian giants are still trapped in their protracted contest. Despite the impressive number of confidence-building measures, agreements, dialogues, and growing trade, the causes of conflict have not...

    (pp. 9-31)

    States becoming a “transmission belt” from the world market to the domestic economy—it appears to be an unstoppable trend.¹ It is widely assumed that globalization fundamentally affects the raison d’être of states, and that they, if not replace, at least have to complement their traditional focus on rivalry for territory and military supremacy with the need to integrate into the world economy. Conquering states are thus expected to become trading states, focusing on the absolute gains of commerce rather than the relative losses. This chapter presents a concise historical account of how China and India have indeed set their...

    (pp. 32-64)

    China and india emerge as two ambitious trading states that prioritize growth through interaction with the outside world instead of isolation. The question arises whether this engagement with globalization will be benevolent or malign. After all, gunboat diplomacy and imperialism, too, are possible expressions of outward-oriented economic aspirations. In the past, constructive nationalism in the domestic realm turned out to be perfectly complementary with harsh mercantilist strategies abroad. Both New Delhi and Beijing indicate that this is not the case. “In effectively addressing challenges,” India’s prime minister Manmohan Singh assured, “we should avoid divisive policies and actions driven by the...

    (pp. 65-102)

    In their quests for national unity India and China have embraced economic development via openness as a new sort of superglue. By piloting their enormous labor reserves into the global economy, both countries’ political establishments aspire to continue the arduous task of nation building and to enhance their legitimacy through job creation and a swift improvement of living standards. In turn, these high expectations result in a diplomacy that prioritizes the attraction of investments and access to foreign markets, with stability at the borders as a precondition. These dynamics have also propelled the amelioration of bilateral relations between the two...

    (pp. 103-119)

    The relations between china and india are lauded with optimism by officials and key political leaders from both sides. Apart from the nuclear crisis in 1998, the partnership has intensified steadily throughout the last three decades. This friendship has pushed its way through narrow elitist paths. The nurturing of bilateral relations occurred mainly within ministry departments and business offices. From these leather-seat establishments mobilization campaigns were launched to adjust the perception of actors who felt less involved in the narrative of Chindia. The following pages make clear that the confidence of public opinion, experts, and political leaders is still low...

    (pp. 120-141)

    “We shall never forget 1962.” Gazing at the impressive collection of writings on India’s foreign policy, it was striking to find these letters penciled on one of the reading tables of the library at Jawaharlal Nehru University. Lively discussions with students at the university indeed revealed that the Sino-Indian War figured prominently in their thinking about China. Most thought that a war with the People’s Republic was still possible. This chapter looks a bit closer at this issue and studies to what extent growing economic and political synergies between the two countries allow them to neutralize the military security dilemma....

    (pp. 142-164)

    China and india have unleashed a diplomatic charm offensive in Asia to satisfy their growing economic needs. Delegations fly back and forth between Asian capitals to broker new trade agreements and business deals. In their wake, Chinese and Indian engineers are laying out the infrastructure necessary to carry the expanding trade flows. The economization of China and India’s regional diplomacy has created new security challenges. In many parts of the region their economic ventures have come under threat from organized criminality, terrorism, and domestic instability in partner countries, not least in their immediate neighborhood. In the corridor of states stretching...

    (pp. 165-172)

    Black-suited businessmen cast restless shadows on the glimmering marble of a hotel on the outskirts of New Delhi. At this forum organized by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India and sponsored by the city of Shenzhen a few hundred Chinese and Indian traders rummage for rewarding contacts and contracts. This commercial eagerness has become a main catalyst for new forms of cooperation between China and India. Yet, the business networking is in sharp contrast with another kind of industriousness. Far away from New Delhi, in the Brahmaputra valley, everything has been made ready for a complete upgrade...

  12. NOTES
    (pp. 173-204)
    (pp. 205-218)
  14. INDEX
    (pp. 219-236)