Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence: Intersectionality and Culturally Competent Practice

Lettie L. Lockhart
Fran S. Danis
Copyright Date: 2010
Pages: 456
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  • Book Info
    Domestic Violence
    Book Description:

    In Domestic Violence: Intersectionality and Culturally Competent Practice, experts working with twelve unique groups of domestic abuse survivors provide the latest research on their populations and use a case study approach to demonstrate culturally sensitive intervention strategies. Chapters focus on African Americans, Native Americans, Latinas, Asian and Pacific Island communities, persons with disabilities, immigrants and refugees, women in later life, LGBT survivors, and military families. They address domestic violence in rural environments and among teens, as well as the role of religion in shaping attitudes and behavior.

    Lettie L. Lockhart and Fran S. Danis are editors of the Council of Social Work Education's popular teaching modules on domestic violence and founding co-chairs of the CSWE symposium on violence against women and children. In their introduction, they provide a thorough overview of intersectionality, culturally competent practice, and domestic violence and basic practice strategies, such as universal screening, risk assessment, and safety planning. They follow with collaborative chapters on specific populations demonstrating the value of generalist social work practice, including developing respectful relationships that define issues from the survivor's perspective; collecting and assessing data; setting goals and contracting; identifying culturally specific interventions; implementing culturally appropriate courses of action; participating in community-level strategies; and advocating for improved policies and funding at local, state, and federal levels. Featuring resources applicable to both practitioners and clients, Domestic Violence forms an effective tool for analysis and action.

    eISBN: 978-0-231-52137-6
    Subjects: Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
    (pp. vii-viii)
    (pp. ix-xxii)
    (pp. xxiii-xxxii)
    Fran S. Danis and Lettie L. Lockhart

    “DOMESTIC VIOLENCE affects people from all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic classes, religions, places of origin, and sexual orientations.” You have probably heard this statement or something similar countless times. It has been repeated for the past 30 years at untold public education presentations and continuing education trainings. It appears in every magazine article, on every educational video, and in all brochures and pamphlets about domestic violence. This simple statement acknowledges, of course, that there is diversity in our world, but its larger purpose is to help people understand that violence does not just happen to other women; it happens...

  6. 1 CULTURAL COMPETENCE AND INTERSECTIONALITY: Emerging Frameworks and Practical Approaches
    (pp. 1-28)
    Lettie L. Lockhart and Jacquelyn Mitchell

    LONG IGNORED, the existence and impact of domestic violence in America was finally acknowledged seriously in the 1970s and 1980s. Drawing from the collective strength of our shared experience over the past thirty-five years, women have recognized that our sociopolitical demands that are voiced by millions speak more powerfully than the pleas of a few isolated voices (Crenshaw 1994). Through our collective voices and actions, advocates, practitioners, educators, and researchers have transformed our understanding of violence against women and their children. For example, no longer is battering and sexual assault of a female intimate partner seen as a private and...

    (pp. 29-66)
    Fran S. Danis and Shreya Bhandari

    THE SECOND wave of the feminist movement that began in the late 1960s created opportunities for women to share their personal life stories with one another. Women learned that the experiences they thought were unique to them were, in fact, also happening to other women. As women shared with one another, they also learned that the physical, sexual, and emotional abuse they experienced was not only done by total strangers but also by their intimate partners. The “personal” became “political,” and feminist activists opened rape crisis hotlines, safe houses, and shelters for women who had been physically, sexually, or emotionally...

  8. 3 OUR SURVIVAL, OUR STRENGTHS: Understanding the Experiences of African American Women in Abusive Relationships
    (pp. 67-99)
    Tricia B. Bent-Goodley, Lorraine Chase, Elizabeth A. Circo and Selena T. Antá Rodgers

    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE reportedly is the primary public health issue facing African American women (Joseph 1997). Even so, limited resources have been provided to address this issue. Although the general public has started to view domestic violence as a serious problem, resulting in the criminal justice system enacting laws and procedures to assist survivors of domestic violence, government policies lack consistent plans for providing shelters, services, and assistance for abused women, particularly those who choose to remain in the relationship (Bent-Goodley 2004a). These facts, combined with the sheer numbers of African American women who experience domestic violence annually, underscore the necessity...

  9. 4 A LILY OUT OF THE MUD: Domestic Violence in Asian and Pacific Islander Communities
    (pp. 100-127)
    Mimi Kim, Beckie Masaki and Gita Mehrotra

    ASIAN AND Pacific Islander (API) women remain silent survivors of intimate partner violence. Hidden in violence statistics, unheard over crisis lines, unseen in mainstream shelters, the invisibility of API women is captured in the phrase “violence does not happen to them.” Conversely, when situations of domestic violence in API communities do become public, we may hear the opposite—“those women always face violence; it’s part of their culture.”

    Between the myths of the peaceful and harmonious API family and that of the patriarchal violent API man coupled with a passive, obedient wife, there is a complex truth. This chapter provides...

    (pp. 128-154)
    Elizabeth P. Cramer and Sara-Beth Plummer

    ACCORDING TO the National Violence Against Women Survey, three times as many women as men experience physical assault by an intimate partner during their lifetime (21% vs. 7%, respectively) (Tjaden and Thoennes 2000). Depending on its definition, annual incidents of violence toward women range from 837,899 (National Crime Victim Survey) to 6.25 million (National Family Violence Survey) (Gelles 2000). When one considers nonphysical abuse—emotional abuse, threats, and controlling behaviors—the numbers increase for both men and women. When one includes abuse directed toward the disabled, the number rises. Until recently, little research or scholarship has focused on a population...

    (pp. 155-182)
    Rupaleem Bhuyan, Woochan Shim and Kavya Velagapudi

    EVER SINCE the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 lifted the national-origin quotas on immigration, which eased migration for family reunification and skilled labor, immigration to the U.S. has increased steadily, reaching a high of 37.9 million people in 2007. Removing the national quotas also lifted more than forty years of racial discrimination in U.S. immigration policy, facilitating new waves of immigration from countries in Central and South America, Asia, and Africa. The foreign-born population now accounts for one in eight U.S. residents, with an estimated one in three immigrants living in the U.S. without legal documentation (Camarota 2007). The...

    (pp. 183-208)
    Ann Turner, Deb Spangler and Bonnie Brandl

    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE affects women of all ages. Older abused women are a hidden and invisible population. Some older women do not tell anyone about the abuse in their lives. Others give subtle hints or offer coded disclosures that generally go unrecognized or unaddressed by family, friends, or professionals. Often those working with survivors of domestic violence or older individuals fail to understand that abuse does occur in later life; therefore they ignore obvious indicators, fail to ask questions, and do not practice standard screening.

    This chapter provides an overview of the dynamics of abuse in later life and addresses the...

    (pp. 209-231)
    Blanca M. Ramos, Bonnie E. Carlson and Shanti Kulkarni

    AT THE turn of the twenty-first century, Latinos represent the largest, fastest growing ethnic/racial minority in the United States. There are approximately 44 million Latinos, of which 17 million (52%) are women (U.S. Census Bureau 2007). The dramatic growth of the Latina subpopulation has important ethical implications for social workers who must be culturally competent in practice with diverse clients (National Association of Social Workers [NASW] 2001). “Latinas” is the umbrella term for women with Latin American roots, whose identifiable characteristics differentiate them from women of other ethnicities. Latinas trace their ancestry to several different countries, including Mexico and others...

  14. 9 OUTING THE ABUSE: Considerations for Effective Practice with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence
    (pp. 232-267)
    Taryn Lindhorst, Gita Mehrotra and Shawn L. Mincer

    MALE OR female, gay or straight, victim or perpetrator—these dichotomies permeate both theory and practice related to intimate partner violence (IPV).¹ For members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)² communities, these binaries, along with the larger social context of homophobia and heterosexism, are implicated in how IPV is defined, in what abuse looks like in LGBT relationships, and in the barriers LGBT people face for receiving support and help when experiencing violence in their relationships. Violence in LGBT relationships is often dismissed as mutual, or not as violence at all (i.e., a “cat fight” if two women...

  15. 10 IN SERVICE TO OUR COUNTRY: Military Responses to Domestic Violence
    (pp. 268-285)
    Delores F. Johnson and Deborah D. Tucker

    THIS CHAPTER provides an overview of domestic violence issues for women whose partners are members of the military as well as for women serving in the military. The dynamics of domestic violence are often the same in both civilian and military communities, and the military’s response to domestic violence mirrors the development of appropriate community strategies that have been instituted around the country. For example, just as many communities have adopted mandatory arrest policies, the military has adopted a “zero tolerance” policy toward domestic violence. However, the military has its own culture, including its own rules, protocols, customs, cultural norms,...

  16. 11 WEAVING THE PAST INTO THE PRESENT: Understanding the Context of Domestic Violence Against Native American Women
    (pp. 286-317)
    Brenda Bussey and J. B. Whipple

    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE has reached epidemic proportions against Native women. In December 2006 the Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that Native American and Alaskan Native women’s rate of intimate partner violence (victimization per 1,000 females aged 12 years and older) was highest in the nation, at 18.2. Compared to other ethnic groups, their rate was double that of African Americans (18.2 vs. 8.2), exceeded by three times the rate for whites (18.2 vs. 6.3) and 12 times the rate for Asians (18.2 vs. 1.5). Many advocates, scholars, and practitioners working with Native women believe the rates to be even higher than...

    (pp. 318-342)
    Marie M. Fortune, Salma Elkadi Abugideiri and Mark Dratch

    RELIGION IS a fact of life in the United States for the vast majority of people. Whether in childhood or adulthood, most people have had some association with a faith tradition. For some it has been positive; for others, negative. But many retain and rely on values and doctrines that they received within a faith community. Because of the extraordinary diversity within the United States, many different traditions exist among us: Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus, Native Americans, plus many varieties of Christians including Roman Catholics, Evangelicals, Mainline Protestants, Pentecostals, and so on.¹ One chapter cannot do justice to the richness...

  18. 13 APPALACHIA: Addressing Domestic Violence in the Rural Environment
    (pp. 343-368)
    Elizabeth J. Randall and Leslie E. Tower

    DOMESTIC VIOLENCE is a tragic phenomenon that erodes the quality of life for everyone affected, wherever it occurs. It may, however, be particularly destructive and difficult to manage in rural areas because of the common characteristics of rural life and values. This chapter examines some of the unique manifestations and attributes of this insidious problem in rural areas, as well as systems of response.

    In the social sciences, the term “rural” is often equated with the term “non-metropolitan area,” as defined by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. This usage distinguishes “metropolitan area” from rural areas. Metropolitan areas (MAs), or...

  19. 14 WHERE TEENS LIVE: Taking an Ecological Approach to Dating Violence Prevention
    (pp. 369-400)
    Barbara Ball and Barri Rosenbluth

    THIS CHAPTER describes the dynamics and prevalence of teen dating violence. We consider how youth form their identity and expectations for intimate relationships in the context of family, peer group, school, and community. Our discussion of risk and protective factors for dating and sexual violence is based on this ecological model. Cultural beliefs and norms, and the exposure to violence in the home or in the community, increase the risk that teenagers will experience and perpetrate dating violence. Based on a review of pertinent research, we examine promising strategies for prevention that are relevant and engaging for teenagers and the...

  20. NOTES
    (pp. 401-404)
  21. INDEX
    (pp. 405-422)
  22. Back Matter
    (pp. 423-424)