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Demosthenes, Speeches 18 and 19

Translated with introduction and notes by Harvey Yunis
SERIES EDITOR MICHAEL GAGARIN
Copyright Date: 2005
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7560/705777
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    Demosthenes, Speeches 18 and 19
    Book Description:

    This is the ninth volume in the Oratory of Classical Greece. This series presents all of the surviving speeches from the late fifth and fourth centuries BC in new translations prepared by classical scholars who are at the forefront of the discipline. These translations are especially designed for the needs and interests of today's undergraduates, Greekless scholars in other disciplines, and the general public.

    Classical oratory is an invaluable resource for the study of ancient Greek life and culture. The speeches offer evidence on Greek moral views, social and economic conditions, political and social ideology, law and legal procedure, and other aspects of Athenian culture that have recently been attracting particular interest: women and family life, slavery, and religion, to name just a few.

    Demosthenes is regarded as the greatest orator of classical antiquity. The two speeches translated here grew out of his longtime rivalry with the orator Aeschines. In Speech 19 (On the Dishonest Embassy) delivered in 343 BC, Demosthenes attacks Aeschines for corruption centered around an ultimately disastrous embassy to Philip of Macedon that both men took part in. This speech made Demosthenes the leading politician in Athens for a time. Speech 18 (On the Crown orDe Corona), delivered in 330 BC, is Demosthenes' most famous and influential oration. It resulted not only in Demosthenes receiving one of Athens' highest political honors but also in the defeat and disgrace of Aeschines, who retired from public life and left Athens forever.

    eISBN: 978-0-292-79715-4
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. SERIES EDITOR’S PREFACE
    (pp. vii-viii)
    M.G.
  4. TRANSLATOR’S ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. ix-ix)
    H.Y.
  5. Map of Greece, Macedon, and the Aegean
    (pp. x-x)
  6. SERIES INTRODUCTION Greek Oratory
    (pp. xi-2)
    Michael Gagarin

    From as early as Homer (and undoubtedly much earlier) the Greeks placed a high value on effective speaking. Even Achilles, whose greatness was primarily established on the battlefield, was brought up to be “a speaker of words and a doer of deeds” (Iliad9.443); and Athenian leaders of the sixth and fifth centuries,¹ such as Solon, Themistocles, and Pericles, were all accomplished orators. Most Greek literary genres—notably epic, tragedy, and history—underscore the importance of oratory by their inclusion of set speeches. The formal pleadings of the envoys to Achilles in theIliad, the messenger speeches in tragedy reporting...

  7. INTRODUCTION TO DEMOSTHENES
    (pp. 3-8)
    Michael Gagarin

    Since antiquity Demosthenes (384–322 bc) has usually been judged the greatest of the Attic orators. Although the patriotic and nationalistic tenor of his message has been more highly regarded in some periods of history than in others, he is unique in his mastery of so many different rhetorical styles and his ability to blend them into a powerful ensemble.

    Demosthenes was born into an old wealthy Athenian family. His father Demosthenes owned workshops that made swords and furniture. His maternal grandfather, Gylon, had been exiled from Athens and lived in the Crimea, where his mother Cleobule was born (perhaps...

  8. INTRODUCTION TO THIS VOLUME
    (pp. 9-20)
    Harvey Yunis

    When Demosthenes (384–322) ventured into Athenian politics in the 350s, Athens was still the largest, wealthiest, and most powerful Greek polis. The territory of Attica had been peaceful and secure for nearly two generations following the upheavals of defeat in the Peloponnesian War. Athens’ institutions of democratic government were stable to an extent that was previously unequaled. Yet the Athenians were falling ever further behind in their ceaseless attempt to rebuild their great fifth-century empire and to equal, thereby, the wealth, power, and prestige of their forebears. Even at its height in the 370s, the naval alliance that the...

  9. DEMOSTHENES
    • 18. IN DEFENSE OF CTESIPHON ON THE CROWN
      (pp. 23-113)

      Following his nearly victorious prosecution of Aeschines in 343 for misconduct on the Second Embassy (Dem. 19), Demosthenes was in a strong position.¹ He continued his career on the premise that rapprochement with Philip was unachievable and that support against Philip should be sought from all quarters within and outside Greece. This policy began to pay off, for Athens and Demosthenes, after 343. With the peace still nominally in force, the Athenians increased support for their cause among the Greeks and at moments of crisis successfully deployed forces in Megara, Euboea, and Acarnania to stem the growth of Philip’s influence...

    • 19. ON THE DISHONEST EMBASSY
      (pp. 114-216)

      Athens was at war with Macedon since 357, when Philip, recently acceded to the Macedonian throne, seized the northern Greek cities of Amphipolis and Pydna, which Athens considered within its sphere of influence. The Athenians made no headway, apart from repelling Philip’s attempt to seize Thermopylae in 352. Meanwhile Philip extended his power into Thrace and Thessaly. In 348 Athens attempted to prop up its ally Olynthus, but Philip took the city anyway, securing his hold on Chalcidice. When Philip signaled his readiness to negotiate a settlement in 347, the Athenians were receptive, and the seeds of the conflict between...

  10. APPENDIX 1. THE SPURIOUS DOCUMENTS FROM DEMOSTHENES 18: ON THE CROWN
    (pp. 217-227)
  11. APPENDIX 2. TIMELINE
    (pp. 228-230)
  12. BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR THIS VOLUME
    (pp. 231-234)
  13. INDEX
    (pp. 235-244)