No Cover Image

Aeschines

Translated by Chris Carey
Copyright Date: 2000
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7560/712225
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    Aeschines
    Book Description:

    This is the third volume in the Oratory of Classical Greece series. Planned for publication over several years, the series will present all of the surviving speeches from the late fifth and fourth centuries B.C. in new translations prepared by classical scholars who are at the forefront of the discipline. These translations are especially designed for the needs and interests of today's undergraduates, Greekless scholars in other disciplines, and the general public.

    Classical oratory is an invaluable resource for the study of ancient Greek life and culture. The speeches offer evidence on Greek moral views, social and economic conditions, political and social ideology, and other aspects of Athenian culture that have been largely ignored: women and family life, slavery, and religion, to name just a few.

    This volume contains the three surviving speeches of Aeschines (390-? B.C.). His speeches all revolve around political developments in Athens during the second half of the fourth century B.C. and reflect the internal political rivalries in an Athens overshadowed by the growing power of Macedonia in the north. The first speech was delivered when Aeschines successfully prosecuted Timarchus, a political opponent, for having allegedly prostituted himself as a young man. The other two speeches were delivered in the context of Aeschines' long-running political feud with Demosthenes. As a group, the speeches provide important information on Athenian law and politics, Demosthenes and his career, sexuality and social history, and the historical rivalry between Athens and Macedonia.

    eISBN: 978-0-292-79928-8
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. SERIES EDITOR’S PREFACE
    (pp. ix-x)
    M. G.
  4. TRANSLATOR’S PREFACE
    (pp. xi-xii)
    C. C.
  5. SERIES INTRODUCTION Greek Oratory
    (pp. xiii-xxxii)
    Michael Gagarin

    From as early as Homer (and undoubtedly much earlier) the Greeks placed a high value on effective speaking. Even Achilles, whose greatness was primarily established on the battlefield, was brought up to be “a speaker of words and a doer of deeds” (Iliad9.443); and Athenian leaders of the sixth and fifth centuries,¹ such as Solon, Themistocles, and Pericles, were all accomplished orators. Most Greek literary genres—notably epic, tragedy, and history—underscore the importance of oratory by their inclusion of set speeches. The formal pleadings of the envoys to Achilles in theIliad, the messenger speeches in tragedy reporting...

  6. AESCHINES (Chris Carey)
    • INTRODUCTION: The Life and Times of Aeschines
      (pp. 3-17)

      To the modern reader at least, the fifth century, for all its intellectual turmoil, looks like an age of political certainty. For much of the century, in a way familiar to anyone whose horizons were formed by the world between the Second World War and the fall of the European communist regimes, the Greek world was largely divided into two power blocks. This configuration ended with the defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War against Sparta, which lasted (with intermissions) from 431 to 404, and which left Sparta temporarily the undisputed leader of the Greek world. Spartan supremacy was not...

    • 1. AGAINST TIMARCHUS
      (pp. 18-87)

      Although there was majority support for the conclusion of peace in 346, there remained elements in the city implacably and explicitly opposed either to the idea of peace with Macedonia or to the terms of the Peace of Philocrates. There were others, like Demosthenes, who saw the peace as a necessary but temporary arrangement. The opponents of the peace began working against it from the moment it was concluded. Aeschines was an early target. All Athenian officials had to submit to an examination on the expiry of their term of office. When Aeschines submitted to this process after the second...

    • 2. ON THE EMBASSY
      (pp. 88-158)

      With the exception of Demosthenes, those who negotiated the Peace of Philocrates had high hopes of its potential benefits. In the event, their expectations were disappointed. The peace released Athens from a war of which the population was tired, but it brought no tangible benefits. The vague promises hinted at by Philip and conveyed to Athens by at least some of its envoys failed to materialize. On the other hand, the settlement of the Third Sacred War caused profound resentment at Athens. Its effect was to eradicate Phocis as a political and military force, depriving Athens of an important ally...

    • 3. AGAINST CTESIPHON
      (pp. 159-252)

      By the time Aeschines and Demosthenes faced each other in court again, their positions had to a large extent been reversed. Demosthenes’ influence had increased, partly because those who had argued most vigorously for peace in 346 had been unable to demonstrate any tangible benefixt, whereas those who had predicted the inexorable expansion of Philip’s power had been proved right, and partly because Demosthenes had proved himself effective after the outbreak of the hostilities that culminated in Chaeronea. It might be expected that the Athenians would hold him responsible for the disaster, and it seems that political attacks were made...

  7. Index
    (pp. 253-262)