The World Health Organization between North and South
Since 1948, the World Health Organization (WHO) has launched
numerous programs aimed at improving health conditions around the
globe, ranging from efforts to eradicate smallpox to education
programs about the health risks of smoking. In setting global
health priorities and carrying out initiatives, the WHO bureaucracy
has faced the challenge of reconciling the preferences of a small
minority of wealthy nations, who fund the organization, with the
demands of poorer member countries, who hold the majority of votes.
In The World Health Organization between North and South,
Nitsan Chorev shows how the WHO bureaucracy has succeeded not only
in avoiding having its agenda co-opted by either coalition of
member states but also in reaching a consensus that fit the
bureaucracy's own principles and interests.
Chorev assesses the response of the WHO bureaucracy to
member-state pressure in two particularly contentious moments: when
during the 1970s and early 1980s developing countries forcefully
called for a more equal international economic order, and when in
the 1990s the United States and other wealthy countries demanded
international organizations adopt neoliberal economic reforms. In
analyzing these two periods, Chorev demonstrates how strategic
maneuvering made it possible for a vulnerable bureaucracy to
preserve a relatively autonomous agenda, promote a consistent set
of values, and protect its interests in the face of challenges from
developing and developed countries alike.
Subjects: Political Science
Table of Contents
You are viewing the table of contents
You do not have access to this
on JSTOR. Try logging in through your institution for access.