"Like many others of my generation, I first read Camus in high
school. I carried him in my backpack while traveling across Europe,
I carried him into (and out of) relationships, and I carried him
into (and out of) difficult periods of my life. More recently, I
have carried him into university classes that I have taught, coming
out of them with a renewed appreciation of his art. To be sure, my
idea of Camus thirty years ago scarcely resembles my idea of him
today. While my admiration and attachment to his writings remain as
great as they were long ago, the reasons are more complicated and
On October 16, 1957, Albert Camus was dining in a small
restaurant on Paris's Left Bank when a waiter approached him with
news: the radio had just announced that Camus had won the Nobel
Prize for Literature. Camus insisted that a mistake had been made
and that others were far more deserving of the honor than he. Yet
Camus was already recognized around the world as the voice of a
generation-a status he had achieved with dizzying speed. He
published his first novel, The Stranger, in 1942 and
emerged from the war as the spokesperson for the Resistance and,
although he consistently rejected the label, for existentialism.
Subsequent works of fiction (including the novels The
Plague and The Fall), philosophy (notably, The
Myth of Sisyphus and The Rebel), drama, and social
criticism secured his literary and intellectual reputation. And
then on January 4, 1960, three years after accepting the Nobel
Prize, he was killed in a car accident.
In a book distinguished by clarity and passion, Robert Zaretsky
considers why Albert Camus mattered in his own lifetime and
continues to matter today, focusing on key moments that shaped
Camus's development as a writer, a public intellectual, and a man.
Each chapter is devoted to a specific event: Camus's visit to
Kabylia in 1939 to report on the conditions of the local Berber
tribes; his decision in 1945 to sign a petition to commute the
death sentence of collaborationist writer Robert Brasillach; his
famous quarrel with Jean-Paul Sartre in 1952 over the nature of
communism; and his silence about the war in Algeria in 1956. Both
engaged and engaging, Albert Camus: Elements of a Life is
a searching companion to a profoundly moral and lucid writer whose
works provide a guide for those perplexed by the absurdity of the
human condition and the world's resistance to meaning.
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