The fourteenth-century romanceHavelok the Danebegins with a depiction of the ideal state of royal rule that was enforced within England under King Athelwold.¹
It was a king bi are-dawes
That inhis time were gode lawes
He dede maken an ful wel holden. –
Hym louede yung, him louede holde
Erl and barun, dreng andþayn,
Knict, bondeman, and swain,
Wydues, maydnes, prestes, and clerkes,
And al for hise gode werkes.
He louede God with al his micth,
And Holi Kirke, and soth and ricth.
Ricthwise men he louede alle,
And oueral made hem for to calle.