The Historia Ierosolimitana of Baldric of Bourgueil

The Historia Ierosolimitana of Baldric of Bourgueil

Edited by STEVEN BIDDLECOMBE
Copyright Date: 2014
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 261
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7722/j.ctt6wp892
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  • Book Info
    The Historia Ierosolimitana of Baldric of Bourgueil
    Book Description:

    Baldric of Bourgeil's Historia Ierosolimitana is a fascinating Latin prose account of the events of the First Crusade (1095-99), and a clarification of their miraculous meaning. It was composed around 1105 by Baldric, the abbot of Bourgueil, who later became the archbishop of Dol. It is a crucial text, yet, in part because its manuscript tradition has not been fully explored, it has been hitherto neglected. This volume presents the first critical edition of the text for nearly 150 years. Importantly, the editor has established that the text exists in over three times as many manuscripts as originally thought, thus indicating a far greater impact, geographically and chronologically, for Baldric's work than has been previously considered, and placing it at the forefront of crusade accounts of the period. In addition to a careful examination of the greatly extended manuscript tradition, the editor's critical analysis explores Baldric's career; his writing style; the dating and reception of his text; the amplification of the language, narrative and characters found in his recapitulation of his primary source, the Gesta Francorum; the influence of the text on medieval authors from Orderic Vitalis to Humbert of Romans; and its perspective on the crusade as a means of protecting the familia Christi . Dr Steven Biddlecombe lectures in Medieval History at the University of Leicester.

    eISBN: 978-1-78204-359-1
    Subjects: History, Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. I-IV)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. V-VI)
  3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
    (pp. VII-VII)
  4. ABBREVIATION
    (pp. VIII-VIII)
  5. MANUSCRIPT SIGLA
    (pp. VIII-VIII)
  6. PREFACE
    (pp. IX-X)
  7. INTRODUCTION
    (pp. XI-CVIII)

    A biography of Baldric’s life and work as a poet was written by Henri Pasquier in the late nineteenth century,² based in large part on notes and documents gathered by André Salmon,³ archivist of the city of Tours, who died in 1857. Editions of Baldric’s poems by Phyllis Abrahams in 1926⁴ and Karlheinz Hilbert in 1979⁵ contain some biographical material largely derived from Pasquier. The evidence for the life of Baldric has been examined afresh by Jean-Yves Tilliette in the first part of the most recent and complete edition of Baldric’s poetic works.⁶ In English, Gerald Bond has drawn upon...

  8. Baldric of Bourgueil, Historia Ierosolimitana

    • Prologue
      (pp. 3-4)

      Baldricus, Burguliensium fratrumaabbas,blicet indignus, omnibus Christianis pacemcet ueritatem diligere.cBenedictus dominusdnostereIesus Christus,eChristiani nominis auctor et rector inuictissimus, et amplitudinis Christiane sapientissimus propagator. Hunc ut benedicatis et in omnibus operibusfsuis laudetis, oportet, fratres karissimi, et indeficientisgsue erga nosgmisericordie nullatenus obliuiscamini. Ipse regeshmutat et tempora,hipse pios corrigit, ut prouehat; ipse punit impios, ut corrigat. Quippe, in quo nichil est immisericordie. Ipse temporibus nostris Christianitatem suam, ubicumque terrarum erat, pene totam excitauit; et ut ad eruendam,iin qua specialiterjpassus est, Ierusalem, de spurcorum manibus Turcorum, qui ei uelut captiue dominabantur, christiana...

    • Book One
      (pp. 5-29)

      Ierusalem, totiusaIudee metropolim,bnon ignobilem nec ignotambciuitatem, regalibus honorificentiis in immensum multotiens decoratam,cmultotiens a tirannis hostibus obsessam, et ad solum usque dirutam, et a propriis filiis in captiuitatem abductis orbatam, uariasque temporum tumultuationes ante saluatoris aduentum perpessam, nouerunt qui uel historiographorum libros saltem tenuiter legerunt, uel quidcomputantium relationieaures audiendi auidas accomodauerunt. Iam uero Christum predicantem super eamfflesse, et eius abolitionem denuntiasse, nullus ignorat, nisi quisgforte paginam euangelii imprudens et impudens uecorditer conculcat. Quod quomodo acciderit, legenti gestahTiti et Vespasiani indifficulter patebit: quam lectionem uir eloquentis simus Iosephus stilo celebri consecrauit. Ipsam iterum...

    • Book Two – Incipit Secundus
      (pp. 30-59)

      Qua in die soluta est obsidio, ad quendamaperuentum est pontem, ubibsua Christianus populus collocauit tentoria.bFecerunt autem ibi duos dies. Tercia uerocdie, antequam matutinalis lucifer exalbesceret,diter preproperi arripuerunt. Et quoniamenox erat tenebrosa, incertam incertiftenueruntguiam. Diuisihergo abinuicem, duorumhconsummauerunt iter dierum Boamundusiet Tancredus,iet alii pluresjin uno erantjagmine. In alterokTolosanus et Podiensis,kduxque Godefredus,let Ugo Magnus, et Flandrensism, cum copiosis commeantium examinibus.nDie altera post secundam, Turci, tamquam arena maris, innumeri contra Boamundumoconfluxerunt. Videntes autem Christianos, magna quidem confisi multitudine, intrepidi unanimiter ipsospimpetebant. Animabat enimqeos...

    • Book Three – Incipit Liber Tertius
      (pp. 60-94)

      Cum obsideretur Antiochia multi ad eius adiutorium confluxerant, multi adhucaconfluebant. Sed qui confluxerant, capta ciuitate, alii perempti sunt, alii in municipiumbrecepti, alii uero uite sue fuga consuluerunt. Qui autemcconfluebant, audito de Antiochenorum casu rumore substiterunt, deliberantes an procul discederent, an propius accederent. Discedere suadebat fama, que felices Christianorum passim prenunciabat successus, et ex felicibus feliciores auspicabantur, et idcirco metus quam maximus singulorum pectoribus inserebatur. Accedereduero eos exortabatur ira prodcontribulium suorum inimica interfectione, pudor proeperegrinorum nullatenus adhuc repressa temeritate. Confidebant etiam in nationum coagulatarum diffusa multitudine, et in sua sicuti iactitabant singulari animositate. Preterea inglorios...

    • Book Four – Incipit liber Quartus
      (pp. 95-120)

      Causa simultatis mutueainter principes reuera erat Antiochia. Porrobquerelarum occasiones erant, quod alius sacramentumcimperatori factum palamdomnibus pretendebat, quod preuaricari nullatenus uolebat, alius donumesibi ab omnibus factum de ciuitate dicebate, et idcirco donum sibi factum obtinere uolebat. Utrumque tamenfuerum erat. Et quamuis ita res seghaberet, quoniam tamen nequibant pacificari, magnum impedimentum hoc erat omnihexercitui. Postquam Boamundus ad Antiochiam recesserat, Raimundus comes per legatos suosiprincipes qui erant Antiochieijprosecutus estj, et ut ei ad Rugiamk, confabulandi gratia, obuiarent, illos allocutus est. Venerunt Rugiam conuocati principes, dux uidelicet Godefredus et Robertus Normannus etlRobertus Flandrensisl,...

  9. APPENDIX 1. LETTERS BETWEEN BALDRIC AND ABBOT PETER OF MAILLEZAIS
    (pp. 121-124)
  10. APPENDIX 2. THE BRETON AND NORMAN ORIGINS OF BALDRIC’S LESSER-KNOWN CRUSADERS
    (pp. 125-128)
  11. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 129-144)
  12. INDEX OF QUOTATIONS AND ALLUSIONS
    (pp. 145-148)
  13. INDEX
    (pp. 149-154)
  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 155-155)