Reformation and Religious Identity in Cambridge, 1590-1644

Reformation and Religious Identity in Cambridge, 1590-1644

David Hoyle
Copyright Date: 2007
Edition: NED - New edition
Published by: Boydell and Brewer,
Pages: 266
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7722/j.ctt9qdj5j
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  • Book Info
    Reformation and Religious Identity in Cambridge, 1590-1644
    Book Description:

    The character of the English Church at the end of the sixteenth and beginning of the seventeenth century has always been a contentious historical issue. Concentrating on Cambridge University - where the critical theological debates took place and where new generations were schooled in learning and prejudice - this book aims to shed new light on the question, making use of a wealth of previously underexploited material from the archives of the University and the Colleges, and paying attention to some significant and unjustly neglected figures. After setting the scene in the seventeenth-century city and university, the book goes on to provide a careful and detailed analysis of the debate about Anglicans and Puritans, Arminians and Calvinists; it offers a lively account of bitter academic and religious rivalries fought out in sermons, academic exercises and in print. DAVID HOYLE is Canon Residentiary at Gloucester Cathedral and Director of Ministry in the Diocese of Gloucester.

    eISBN: 978-1-84615-584-0
    Subjects: Religion

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. List of Abbreviations
    (pp. ix-x)
  5. INTRODUCTION
    (pp. 1-6)

    In the archive, in Sidney Sussex College, in Cambridge, among the account books, the records of college business, and the collections of private papers, a letter is kept. it was written in 1633, by a man called John Pocklington, a former member of the college, and it offered a benefaction. Cambridge colleges are usually rather charming to their old members and they become utterly craven when there might be money in the association. Perhaps that accounts for the fact that this extraordinary letter survives. in truth, Pocklington had no intention whatsoever of giving anything to Sidney Sussex except offence. He...

  6. Chapter One LIFE AND RELIGION IN LATE TUDOR CAMBRIDGE
    (pp. 7-40)

    On 3 December 1572 William Charke left Peterhouse and walked up Trumpington Street towards great St mary’s, the University Church. The route was familiar; Charke had been a member of the University of Cambridge for twelve years. He had arrived, little more than a boy, short of funds and good breeding, but he was gifted and he had worked hard. He had made friends and earned a bit of dignity. By december 1572 he had been a fellow of Peterhouse for six years, and he left the college that day clutching the text of a latin sermon that he was...

  7. Chapter Two CAMBRIDGE AND THE BOUNDARIES OF CONFORMITY
    (pp. 41-70)

    On 4 February 1592, the Vice-Chancellor and two of the heads wrote to the Chancellor, lord burghley. Their letter was a cocktail of anxiety and prejudice mixed in equal parts. In the 1590s, with the memory of the armada still fresh, the whole nation half-expected a Spanish invasion and was convinced that a great army of Jesuits and priests was at work in the country, making ready. A proclamation, prepared towards the end of 1591, had painted an alarming picture of a popish fifth column entering the country ‘by secret Creekes and landing places’.¹ By the River Cam they were...

  8. Chapter Three BARRETT, BARO AND THE FOUNDATIONS OF FAITH
    (pp. 71-87)

    While those who wished for further reform did not have everything their own way, Cambridge was unquestionably in the grip of a self-consciously godly group. This group shared a commitment to a reformed orthodoxy that was tolerant of some variety of expression and they all hated Rome and all her works. They longed for a greater purity of faith and looked to continental reformed theologians like Calvin, beza and Zanchius for guidance. Whatever their differences of opinion they fixed their attention on the doctrines of assurance and perseverance. Theology was not just an academic discipline for them, it was the...

  9. Chapter Four ASSURANCE AND ANXIETY 1595–1619
    (pp. 88-130)

    Whitgift and the heads had argued their way into an agreement. They rapidly discovered however that, around them, the argument raged on. The campaign against barrett, baro and overall had resolved nothing. Everyone knew it and some said so. In 1597, Samuel Ward poured out his dismay in his notebook: ‘Think how all things go backward in the University and in our College.’² Ward had graduated from Christ’s in 1593. Two years later he took up a fellowship at emmanuel. It was not a difficult move – a short walk down the road to exchange one godly household for another – the...

  10. Chapter Five THE SEEDS OF CONTENTION 1619–1629
    (pp. 131-160)

    The delegates returned from Dort with a commemorative gold medal and, no doubt, high hopes of preferment. Just how much more they had to show for their efforts is a moot point. The King made it quite clear that Ward, Davenant and the rest were not expected to bring back new certainties and definitions in their baggage. Ward had already been repeatedly reminded of the dangers of prying into ‘high mysteries’. John young, the Dean of Winchester, had written to him at Dort, ‘I am sorry to hear that this contention about these abstruse points suld come there to be...

  11. Chapter Six ‘NEAR POPERY, AND YET NO POPERY’
    (pp. 161-195)

    Late on the night of Monday 23 February 1629, Matthew Wren, now the Vice-Chancellor, received an unwelcome letter from the Speaker of the House of Commons. The Commons had a sense of high purpose and the letter was a little peremptory:

    … I am commanded by the House of Commons assembled in Parliament, to pray and require you to send forthwith to unto them, true information of the names of all such persons within your University of Cambridge as since the 13th of Queen Elizabeth, have written or published any points of doctrine contrary to the Articles of Religion established...

  12. Chapter Seven ‘WHO CHANGED RELIGION INTO REBELLION?’
    (pp. 196-230)

    For the duration of the Personal Rule, Cambridge was free from the unwelcome attentions of a suspicious Parliament and the consequent threat of impeachment. Wren, Cosin, Beale and their friends had never had it so good. Able to muster an effective majority in the Consistory Court room they enjoyed the benefits of power. Their confidence was high and they brought the beauty of holiness into their college chapels with a paintbrush dipped in gilt. For eleven years their opponents could only lick their wounds and complain. When Parliament did finally meet, however, the critics of this new divinity gathered the...

  13. APPENDIX
    (pp. 231-232)
  14. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 233-250)
  15. INDEX
    (pp. 251-256)
  16. Back Matter
    (pp. 257-257)