Cores, Peripheries, and Globalization

Cores, Peripheries, and Globalization

Peter Hanns Reill
Balázs A. Szelényi
Copyright Date: 2011
Edition: NED - New edition, 1
Pages: 290
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7829/j.ctt1282x8
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  • Book Info
    Cores, Peripheries, and Globalization
    Book Description:

    Deals with the intersection of issues associated with globalization and the dynamics of core-periphery relations. It places these debates in a large and vital context asking what the relations between cores and peripheries have in forming our vision of what constitutes globalization and what were and are its possible effects. In this sense the debate on globalization is framed as part of a larger and more crucial discourse that tries to account for the essential dynamics—economic, social, political and cultural—between metropolitan areas and their peripheries.

    eISBN: 978-615-5053-03-0
    Subjects: Economics

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface and Acknowledgements
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Peter Hanns Reill and Balázs Szelényi
  4. Introduction
    (pp. 1-12)
    Peter Hanns Reill

    Over the past few years, globalization has become an extremely contentious concept, capable of fomenting violent discussion and even political action as the protests and riots at meetings of the World Trade Organization and the European Union have demonstrated. Though generating much heat, the concept itself is vague, with often contradictory meanings. What is globalization? When did it begin? What governs the relations between economic and social units within a globalized system and how can these relations be determined? To what extent is globalization a product of unchecked capitalism? Can globalization’s negative effects be alleviated by modifications within capitalism or...

  5. Section 1: ORIGINS AND THEORETICAL DISCUSSIONS OF CORE-PERIPHERY RELATIONS
    • CHAPTER ONE The Latin American Contribution to Center-Periphery Perspectives: History and Prospect
      (pp. 15-42)
      Joseph L. Love

      The analytical framework of center (or core) and periphery, whose parts interact in complementary but unequal ways, has played an important role in the work of Ivan Berend.¹ This perspective on the world economy and its component parts has taken on a heightened relevance with the intensification of globalization in the 1990s, following the collapse of the Soviet empire and the formulation of the Washington Consensus. The center-periphery approach is not only useful in understanding the contemporary international economy, but is increasingly employed in economic historiography as well.

      The center-periphery scheme, implying an enormous asymmetry in the global economy (and...

    • CHAPTER TWO From Plantation to Plant: Slavery, the Slave Trade, and the Industrial Revolution
      (pp. 43-62)
      Jean Batou

      The historical role the slave trade played in the advent of industrial capitalism in Western Europe has been the subject of passionate debate, particularly after Eric Williams’s thesis, Capitalism and Slavery, was published in 1944.² On the eve of decolonization, Williams demonstrated how Europe had managed to profit from the exploitation of other continents in order to establish its industrial supremacy. In 2002, Joseph E. Inikori, a historian of Nigerian origin and a professor at Rochester University, published his important book entitled Africans and the Industrial Revolution in England.³ One year earlier, the World Conference against Racism in Durban (2001)...

    • CHAPTER THREE Theories and Realities: What are the Causes of Backwardness?
      (pp. 63-72)
      Daniel Chirot

      Ever since the early nineteenth century, when a few West European economies began to progress much faster than others, scholars have posed the question why? That question remains as pressing today as ever.

      One theory that first gained credence in the late nineteenth century became especially popular with intellectuals and political elites in the less favored countries. It posited that the powerful countries were using the international trading system to systematically keep the weak ones poorer and less developed countries. Why such a theory should have found favor among elites in weaker and poorer societies is easily understood. In its...

    • CHAPTER FOUR Development Possible? Possible Developments: A Research Agenda
      (pp. 73-84)
      Immanuel Wallerstein

      “Development” has served as a leitmotif of both intellectuals and political movements ever since 1945. What has been meant by the term is a very simple, basic idea. The initial observation is that there is an unequal distribution of wealth in the world. The basic question is whether there is something that states can do to augment their wealth and reduce the difference between those of low overall wealth and those of high overall wealth.

      Almost everyone thinks there is something that can be done, although what this something is has been a matter of enormous and passionate dispute. The...

  6. Section 2: FROM THE EUROPEAN PERIPHERY TO THE CORE AND BACK
    • CHAPTER FIVE Between Center and Periphery
      (pp. 87-96)
      Eugen Weber

      That entry is taken from the Encyclopaedia of Diderot and d’Alembert in 1765, under the heading “Provincial.” But the pejorative implications of the term go back at least to 1669, when Molière’s Monsieur de Pourceaugnac, featured a thick-headed oaf of a nobleman from Limoges, and was applauded by louis XIV and his Court. A hundred years later, provincialism would become a stereotype for gaucherie, lack of elegance and refinement, general lumpishness that evokes backhanded compliments at best: as in “She has quite pretty eyes for provincial eyes,” which sounds much better in French: “Elle a d’assez beaux yeux, pour des...

    • CHAPTER SIX Core, Periphery, and Civil Society
      (pp. 97-112)
      Jürgen Kocka

      Ivan Berend is one of the pioneers of the core–periphery approach, and this essay discusses the uses and limits of this conceptual scheme.¹ Although mainly concerned with economic history, this scheme also embraced the realms of culture, political structures, and international relations.² I am one of those historians who, in recent years, have been experimenting with the concept civil society.³ The following article tries to bring these two approaches together, with the aim of developing a comparative model of European societies during the “long nineteenth century.”⁴

      The core–periphery concept seems to lend itself well to comparative analyses. Such...

    • CHAPTER SEVEN Conceptions and Constructions: East Central Europe in Economic History
      (pp. 113-126)
      Helga Schultz

      In recent decades historians have increasingly lost their confidence in the possibility of showing “how it exactly was.” One result is the reflection on the limits of knowledge achieved through the historical study of sources, while a turn towards the deconstruction of historical images and national myths is another result. such self-enlightenment is certainly necessary. However, the loss of confidence in historical truth becomes a problem for historians, if it leads to an estrangement from the real historical process and towards postmodern agnosticism. Ivan Berend’s works avoid the pitfalls of deconstruction. He has written the “great story” of East Central...

    • CHAPTER EIGHT Liberal Economic Nationalism in Eastern Europe during the First Wave of Globalization (1860–1914)
      (pp. 127-164)
      Thomas David and Elisabeth Spilman

      For many years, Ivan Berend has shown a great interest in the study of economic nationalism in Eastern Europe.³ In these studies, he has emphasized three characteristics of economic nationalist policies, as summarized in the above quotation. First, economic nationalism is closely related to the complex core–periphery relationship and constitutes an attempt by the Eastern European periphery to escape its relative economic decline and its growing dependency on the Western core. Second, in order to understand these policies, it is necessary to take into account their ideological, national dimension. Third, restricting the study of economic nationalism in Central and...

    • CHAPTER NINE The Rise and the Fall of the Second Bildungsbürgertum
      (pp. 165-182)
      Iván SzeLényi

      In this paper I distinguish three epochs in the social history of modern intellectuals on the Central and Eastern European periphery. The first epoch, associated with bourgeois-driven modernization in Western Europe, began in the mid eighteenth century and lasted until the end of the nineteenth century. In Germany and some regions further east, where the propertied bourgeoisie was relatively weak, the educated middle class the so called cultural bourgeoisie or Bildungsburgertum stepped in to act as a substitute bourgeoisie. This class experimented with an alternative modernization strategy, which it hoped would not only bridge the economic gap between their nation...

  7. Section 3: GLOBALIZATION:: ITS HISTORY, NATURE AND PROBLEMS
    • CHAPTER TEN Globalization, Core, and Periphery in the World Economy of the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Times
      (pp. 185-202)
      Herman VAN DER Wee

      A theme as vast in temporal, geographic, and conceptual scope as the one of this article—“Globalization, Core, and Periphery in the World Economy of the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Times”— obviously defies treatment within a simple essay, or scholarly conference. Still, attempts to treat this theme schematically, even if the results do not provide a perfect historical fit, can be stimulating as well as heuristically valuable. In this spirit, I offer the following essay.

      The paper is divided into three parts: an outline of critical concepts; an historiographic excursion through conventional interpretations; and my own hypothesis, aimed...

    • CHAPTER ELEVEN The Pre-History of Core–Periphery
      (pp. 203-232)
      Robert Brenner

      What I want to consider in this paper is what might be called the prehistory of core–periphery. The problem of core–periphery relations proper concerns the way in which the economic relationships between more developed and less developed economies affect the prospects for growth of each. The underlying question, subject of a vast controversy, is whether, and if so how, the interaction between advanced and less advanced regions tends to consign the latter to underdevelopment, while accelerating the economic progress of the former. This essay is mainly devoted to a prior question—that of the sources of non-development and...

    • CHAPTER TWELVE Globalization and Its Impact on Core–Periphery Relations: Characteristics of Globalization
      (pp. 233-254)
      Ivan T. Berend

      Globalization is probably the most often used term in social sciences nowadays. Yet historians debate among themselves about the novelty of the phenomenon. According to some, the European economy, even in antiquity, demonstrated global traits. Others date the onset from late medieval times when it becomes possible to speak of a kind of permanent impetus towards globalization, especially potent in the early modern era after the European discoveries and the establishment of colonial empires, and reinvigorated in the modern era with the development of rail technology, laissez-faire trade systems, and the international gold standard. There can be no doubt about...

    • CHAPTER THIRTEEN From West European to World Science: Seventeenth–Twentieth Centuries
      (pp. 255-270)
      Eric J. Hobsbawm

      We live in the information society. The world today rests on the constant transformation of the relations between man and nature (perhaps including human nature itself) by the revolutionary innovations in methods, techniques, and interpretations of what we may call the “natural sciences,” as originally developed in Europe since, roughly, the fifteenth century of the Western Era. Without these innovations, the world neither could nor would be what it is. This chapter deals with the nature and problems of the geographical and social expansion of this practice—let us call it “academic research science”—outwards from its core region of...

  8. NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS
    (pp. 271-274)
  9. INDEX OF NAMES AND PLACES
    (pp. 275-281)