Latin Classics in Medieval Hungary

Latin Classics in Medieval Hungary: Eleventh Century

Előd Nemerkényi
László Havas
Imre Tegyey
Copy-editor Matthew Suff
Series: CEU Medievalia
Volume: 6
Copyright Date: 2004
Edition: NED - New edition, 1
Pages: 270
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  • Book Info
    Latin Classics in Medieval Hungary
    Book Description:

    The first comprehensive study on the influence of Latin classical texts and traditions in medieval Hungary based on philological and historical analysis of eleventh century sources. The author proves that the Latin classics had a stronger impact on the formation of Latin literacy in medieval Hungary than it has been acknowledges before. The four chapters of the book (The Cathedral School, The Admonitions of King Saint Stephen of Hungary, The Deliberato of Bishop Saint Gerard of Csanad, The Monastic School) provide important contributions to the philological study of Medieval Latin and the classical tradition in medieval Central Europe.

    eISBN: 978-615-5211-19-5
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 2-7)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 8-8)
    (pp. 9-12)

    The principal thesis of the present study is the following: the Latin classics had a stronger impact on the formation of Latin literacy in medieval Hungary than has been acknowledged before. The choice of subject merits an introduction to the current state of research. Scholarship on medieval Latin and the classical tradition in the Middle Ages has always occupied the crossroads of classical philology and medieval studies. Observing that classicists and medievalists are “two related but usually distinct audiences,” Carol Dana Lanham complained that “a troubling gap persists between classical Latin and medieval Latin as fields of study… Many classicists...

  4. CHAPTER ONE The Cathedral School
    (pp. 13-30)

    Around 1023, Bishop Fulbert of Chartres composed a letter to Bishop Bonipert of Pécs informing him that he was sending one of his copies of Priscian from France to Hungary. The text of the entire letter is as follows: Sancto ac uenerabili coepiscopo suo Boniperto F(ulbertus) fidelitatis obsequium et summi pastoris benedictionem. Primum quidem benedicimus Deum Patrem ingenitum, filiumque suum unigenitum Ihesum Christum dominum nostrum, et Spiritum sanctum paraclitum, unum uerum Deum qui cuncta creauit, qui te quoque, dilectissime pater, multa sapiencia inlustrauit ad docendum populum suum, et decore sanctitatis ad prebendum bonae uitae exemplum ornauit. Deinde magnas tibi referimus...

  5. CHAPTER TWO The Admonitions of King Saint Stephen of Hungary
    (pp. 31-71)

    The Admonitions of King Saint Stephen of Hungary is a mirror of princes composed around 1015. Its most important witnesses are two late medieval codices: the Thuróczi codex (Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár, Cod. Lat. 407, fol. 73r–79v), copied in the late fifteenth century, and the Ilosvay codex (Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár, Fol. Lat. 4023, fol. 9r–11v), written in 1544. Both manuscripts contain the law codes of King Stephen as well.118 Partly based on the late manuscript tradition, hypercritical scholars suggested that the Admonitions was a humanist forgery or at least an interpolated and stylistically polished text; however, their...

  6. CHAPTER THREE The Deliberatio of Bishop Saint Gerard of Csanád
    (pp. 73-156)

    Saint Gerard’s life has received both pious and scholarly attention from his medieval legends, through the formation of critical hagiography, including the Bollandists and Jean Mabillon, to the present day.291 Gerard was born in Venice after 977, possibly in the Morosini family—later another Venetian family, the Sagredo, claimed that Gerard was an offspring of their lineage.292 He was given to the monastery of Saint George in the Isola di San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice as an oblate.293 According to the fourteenth-century Legenda maior, the monastery sent Gerard to Bologna, where he studied grammar, philosophy, music, and canon law: constituerunt...

  7. CHAPTER FOUR The Monastic School
    (pp. 157-176)

    The Benedictine monasteries in recently Christianized countries in general, and in Hungary in particular, did not necessarily show any specific cultural orientation in terms of the classical holdings of their libraries. Rather, they showed an overwhelming preference for liturgy. This preference is apparent in the following sources.

    First there is the false foundation charter of the Benedictine monastery of Pécsvárad. This was said to have been issued by King Stephen in 1015 but in fact dates from the thirteenth century. Nevertheless, the list of thirty-four books in the charter is authentic, and it contains the Bible, various liturgical books, and...

    (pp. 177-180)

    Providing a reconciliation of classical authors and Christianity in his Antibarbarorum liber, Erasmus of Rotterdam once wrote the following: Quo tandem iure o uos Gothi, e uestris egressi limitibus, non modo Latinorum prouincias occupatis (disciplinas loquor liberales) uerum eciam ipsam urbem rerum dominam, Latinitatem audetis incessere?… Sic contempsit Augustinus ethnicas disciplinas, at tum posteaquam principatum esset in hiis assecutus. Sic literas Ciceronianas et Platonicas Hieronimus, ut nichilominus et egregie teneat, et passim utatur… Ardet apud inferos Vergilius, et eius poemata cantat Christianus? Quasi non et multi Christiani illic ardeant quorum si qua bene scripta supersunt, nemo tamen iccirco respuenda putet…...

    (pp. 181-265)
  10. INDEX
    (pp. 267-273)
  11. Back Matter
    (pp. 274-274)