Saints of the Christianization Age of Central Europe

Saints of the Christianization Age of Central Europe: Tenth to Eleventh Centuries

Edited by Gábor Klaniczay
Cristian Gaşpar
Marina Miladinov
With an introductory essay by Ian Wood
Copyright Date: 2013
Pages: 418
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7829/j.ctt5hgzss
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  • Book Info
    Saints of the Christianization Age of Central Europe
    Book Description:

    This volume is the first of two containing hagiographical narratives from medieval Central Europe. The lives of the saints in this volume, from the tenth to eleventh centuries, written not much later, are telling witnesses for the process of Christianization of Bohemia, Poland, Hungary and Dalmatia. Most of them became patrons of their region and highly venerated throughout the Middle Ages. The volume presents the first English translation of a legend of each of these saints with the most recent critical edition of the Latin original and prefaces discussing the textual tradition. In an appendix the extensive hagiographical literature of the saints is being critically surveyed.

    eISBN: 978-615-5225-40-6
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. I-IV)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. V-VI)
  3. GENERAL EDITORS’ PREFACE
    (pp. VII-VIII)
    J.M.B., U.B., G.C., G.J. and G.K.
  4. ABBREVIATIONS
    (pp. IX-X)
  5. LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
    (pp. XI-XII)
  6. THE HAGIOGRAPHY OF CONVERSION
    (pp. 1-16)
    Ian Wood

    The tenth and eleventh centuries saw an explosion of documentation relating to the history of Central Europe. The chronicles of Widukind of Corvey and Thietmar of Merseburg have much to say about the eastern neighbors of the Ottonian Reich, as indeed does Adam of Bremen. The end of the eleventh century and early years of the twelfth would also see the writing of the first major historical narratives within Central Europe itself: those of Cosmas of Prague and of the so-called anonymous Gallus (Gesta principum Polonorum).¹ In some ways as remarkable as this material is a series of great hagiographical...

  7. Passion of Saint Wenceslas by Gumpold of Mantua
    • PREFACE
      (pp. 19-26)
      Marina Miladinov

      Wenceslas of Bohemia was assassinated in 935 and was soon to become the first Slavic saint, as well as to play a prominent role in the creation of the medieval cult of holy rulers.¹ According to some sources,² it was his very murderer, his younger brother Boleslav I, who instigated Wenceslas’s veneration by ordering a solemn translation of the holy remains and their deposition in the church of St Vitus in Prague, which Wenceslas himself had founded. This event probably took place early in the 960s as a step in the creation of the Prague bishopric (973) and its exemption...

    • PASSIO SANCTI VENCESLAVI MARTYRIS GUMPOLDI, MANTUANI EPISCOPI
      (pp. 27-76)

      Studiorum igitur genera multiformia varias cuique mortalium ingerere solent ingeniorum curas, quibus id genus racione praestantissimum imaginationis potentia interioris, tum natura, tum etiam industria res quoquo modo sensibus subiectas intellectu discernere, et ad vota humana in usus iucundos gaudet diffingere. Hic namque mente moderatus, spreto caducorum ludicro superna intendit, ille extructos in altum honores ardenti rerum fugacium siti exaestuans desiderat; hunc êtas iuvencula contra fas plerumque illicit, illum frigidê senectutis matura longevitas in mores severos ac salubres coaptat; huic artis bellicê audax prudencia appetibilem laudis gloriam promeretur, illi operum diversorum labor artificiosus desidiam eximit mentisque naturalem subtilitatem extorquet. Quidam vero...

  8. Life of Saint Adalbert Bishop of Prague and Martyr
    • PREFACE
      (pp. 77-94)
      Cristian Gaşpar

      One of the things that today’s visitors to the Roman church of San Bartolomeo all’Isola will notice almost immediately is a marble fountain incorporated somewhat incongruously in the steps leading up to the main altar (see Fig. 3). This impressive artifact, dating back to the eleventh or the twelfth century, preserves the memory and possibly one of the earliest iconographic representations of St. Adalbert, bishop of Prague, whose first LatinVitais translated here.

      Born ca. 956 in Central-Eastern Bohemia, in Libice (today Libice nad Cidlinou, in the Czech Republic), Vojtìch, as he was called by his Slavic name, was...

    • PASSIO SANCTI ADALBERTI MARTIRIS CHRISTI
      (pp. 95-182)

      1.Est locusin partibus Germaniê, diues opibus, prępotens armis ferocibusque uiris,quemincolę Sclauoniamcognomine dicunt.¹ Huius maxima pars infidelitatis errore preuenta, creaturam pro creatore, lignum uel lapidem pro Deo colunt.² Plerique uero nominetenus christiani, ritu gentilium uiuunt, quibuscausa periculi fit res salutis.³ Nonnulli tamen ex eadem gente et bene credunt et pro spe futurę mercedis⁴ bona opera agunt. Igitur in illis finibus, ubi christianitatis religio pulcherrima floruit, erat uir Zlaunic⁵ nomine, potens in honore et diuitiis, amore iustitię ac operibus misericordię perrarus ciuis; uir magnus inter cunctos eius terrę habitatores, auro et argento locupletissimus, inter delicias fidus...

  9. Life of the Five Brethren by Bruno of Querfurt
    • PREFACE
      (pp. 183-194)
      Marina Miladinov

      TheVita quinque fratrumby Bruno of Querfurt is the main, although not the only source of information about the socalled Great Polish Hermitage, which may have been located at Miêdzyrzecz (Germ. Meseritz), a locality in today’s western Poland that is still famous for its extensive forests and numerous lakes.¹ It is a piece of hagiography characterized by sophisticated rhetoric and abundant historical references, which reflect an outspokenly erudite author—in fact, one might say that this lengthy work reveals more about Bruno than about his subject.² Regarding the date of its composition, there are broadly two opinions: whereas Reinhard...

    • UITA UEL PASSIO SANCTORUM BENEDICTI ET IOHANNIS, SOCIORUMQUE SUORUM, EDITA A BRUNONE EPISCOPO, QUI ET BONIFACIUS DICITUR.
      (pp. 195-314)

      Adiuva Deus, ut magna paruus ingenio narrare ualeam! surgat uerbum, ratio et sensus! loquens loquatur os meum sancta sanctorum, qui post album cor et opus bonum acceperunt purpureę passionis aureum finem. Nec nunc damnes, Ihesu bone, quod iusticiam istorum nominare audeo, qui occidentium me scelerum stercore mortuus canis dudum feteo, et in peccatorum meorum crasso luto, heu me, sordida sus delectabiliter iaceo.¹ Si pauper ingenio, nullus in actu, male bona dico, ignoscite, queso, iudices, quorum quadam extrema karitate ductus, hoc presumo. Monstrum ego dissidentium morum, si canere nequeo optima, uel latrare uolo. Damnatio est, uidens et sciens sancta ut silentio...

  10. Lives of the Holy Hermits Zoerard the Confessor and Benedict the Martyr by Blessed Maurus, Bishop of Pécs
    • PREFACE
      (pp. 315-324)
      Marina Miladinov

      Notwithstanding its brevity, the legend of Zoerard and Benedict is not only valuable as a historical source, but also of special interest for literary historians as the earliest preserved hagiographic text written on the territory of Hungary.¹ Its author is Bishop Maurus of Pécs, who composed it most probably in 1064 or shortly before. This dating is based upon the fact that thevitawas presented to Duke Géza in that year, together with a piece of Zoerard’s penitential belt. Even though some of the basic facts about the two hermits remain obscure, the great interest in both the legend...

    • VITAE SANCTORUM HEREMITARUM ZOERARDI CONFESSORIS ET BENEDICTI MARTIRIS A BEATO MAURO EPISCOPO QUINECCLESIASTENSI DESCRIPTA
      (pp. 325-338)

      1. Tempore, quo sub christianissimi Stephani regis nutu nomen et religio deitatisbin Pannonia rudis adhuc pullulabat, audita fama boni rectoris multi ex terriscaliis canonici et monachi ad ipsum quasi ad patrem confluebant, non quidem alicuius causa coacti necessitatis, sed ut novumdsancte conversationis gaudium ex eorum conventu adimpleretur.¹ Inter quod quidam sancti spiritus instinctu tactus, ex rusticitate quasi rosa ex spinis ortus, nomine Zoerardus hanc in patriam de terra Polonensium advenit² et a Philippo abbate, cuius monasterium Zobor nominatum in Nitriensi territorio ad honorem Sancti Ypoliti martyris situm erat,³ habitu accepto eteAndreas nominatus eremiticam vitam agere statuit....

  11. The Deeds of Blessed Gaudentius, Bishop of Osor
    • PREFACE
      (pp. 339-348)
      Zrinka Nikolić

      The main source for the life of St. Gaudentius, bishop of Osor (It. Ossero) on the island of Cres (It. Cherso),¹ is hisvita, composed by an anonymous monk who reports that he, along with other brethren, personally listened to the saint telling his life-story during his last years which he spent in the monastery of St. Mary Portus Novi (Portonovo) nearby Ancona. It must have been written sometime in the middle or even in the second half of the eleventh century, since the author, perhaps in a later addition, also recorded some posthumous miracles of the saint which occurred...

    • BEATI GAUDENTII IN ABSARENSI EPISCOPATU GESTA
      (pp. 349-362)

      Refulgente gratia individuae trinitatis lux nova terris affulsit; illa scilicet lux, quae illuminat omnem hominem venientem in hunc mundum. Plures vero mortalium, ut suorum oculorum velamina deponerent, ad huius claritatis gaudia, agonizando contra labentis temporis temptationes, venire disposuerunt. Quorum Abel primus, iustus, recte dividendo et offerendo bravium coeleste arripuit.¹ Deinde Noë, perfectus et simplex, lingua tacendo et iustitiam personando aquam personuit imminere filiis hominum; ipse vero in iustitia sua fluctus superantis aquae superavit, in libro quoque vitae adscriptus est.² Abraham vero, in cuius obedientia neminem aequipollentem invenit, scriptura sacra testante de eo, voluisse pro holocausto deo mactare filium; ideoque facta...

  12. SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 363-378)
  13. SELECT HAGIOGRAPHY OF THE SAINTS OF THIS VOLUME
    (pp. 379-394)
  14. INDEX OF PROPER NAMES
    (pp. 395-402)
  15. INDEX OF PLACES
    (pp. 403-406)
  16. Back Matter
    (pp. 407-407)