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The New Russian Diplomacy

The New Russian Diplomacy

Igor S. Ivanov
Foreword by Henry A. Kissinger
Copyright Date: 2002
Pages: 204
  • Book Info
    The New Russian Diplomacy
    Book Description:

    In this frank and engaging book, foreign minister Igor S. Ivanov describes the evolution of Russian foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Drawing on Russia's long diplomatic history, Ivanov analyzes the complex process through which a newly democratic Russia has redefined its foreign policy during a volatile transformation over the last decade. The book includes the text of Russia's Foreign Policy Concept, a Putin administration document that guides the day-to-day activities of the government. Designed to provide the world community with a transparent outline of Russia's foreign policy agenda, the Concept attempts to balance Russia's important role in the new world order with internal pressures to focus on domestic stability. The radical transformation of the past decade has required a complete overhaul of the process by which foreign policy is crafted, implemented, and communicated, according to Ivanov. The Concept delineates the role of parliament in making foreign policy decisions, the interrelationship of the legislative and executive branches, and the apportionment of authority among the president, government, and regional authorities. It also stresses the need to renovate Russia's diplomatic service, whose tradition of professionally trained diplomats dates back to Peter the Great. While acknowledging the impulse to recreate foreign policy from scratch during periods of revolutionary change and radical reform, Ivanov stresses the theoretical and practical importance of continuity. Although the modern political system of the Russian Federation has no analogue in Russian history, Ivanov draws compelling connections between the country's contemporary challenges and the rich legacy of Russian and Soviet diplomacy -in the process invoking the political philosophies of historical Russian leaders from ancient Rus' to Alexander Gorchakov. The New Russian Diplomacy was originally published in Russia, where it received very favorable reviews. This volume is a special edition prepared for American readers with a new introduction and an expanded and updated discussion of the U.S.-Russian relationship.

    eISBN: 978-0-8157-9899-6
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Dimitri K. Simes and Michael H. Armacost
  4. Foreword
    (pp. ix-xii)
    Henry A. Kissinger

    InThe New Russian Diplomacy, Foreign Minister Igor S. Ivanov provides a useful and intriguing assessment of the principal objectives of Russian foreign policy at the beginning of the twenty-first century. Unusually frank for a sitting government official, he also delivers a thoughtful analysis of the evolution of his country’s relations with the United States and other key powers in the ten years since the collapse of the USSR.

    Ivanov’s discussion of the historical continuity in Russia’s foreign policy—from the Russian Empire through the Soviet period to the present—is one of the most interesting aspects of the book,...

  5. To the American Reader
    (pp. 1-6)

    This book is an attempt to analyze what has resulted from the foreign policy undertaken by the new Russian state over the last decade.

    In 1991 Russia made a fundamental and historic choice in favor of democracy and a market economy. This decision had implications not only for domestic development, but for Russia’s foreign policy as well. Radical transformation within Russia, in turn, helped to provide the impetus for a broad transformation of the entire global system.

    For much of the twentieth century, Russian-American relations played a central role in international affairs. Even though relations between our two countries may...

  6. 1 An Overview of Russian Foreign Policy
    (pp. 7-38)

    Russia’s entry into the new millennium was accompanied by qualitative changes in both domestic and foreign policy. After the stormy events of the early 1990s, the gradual process of consolidating society around a strengthened democratic government took hold as people began to recognize this as a requirement if the ongoing political and socioeconomic transformation of the country was to be successful. The formation of a new Duma after the December 1999 parliamentary elections, and Vladimir Putin’s election as president of Russia in 2000, laid the groundwork for an extended period of political stability, which has allowed us to undertake the...

  7. 2 The Formation of a New International System
    (pp. 39-80)

    On the threshold of the new century, the struggle has intensified to identify the principles that will guide the international order and to replace those that held sway in the twentieth century’s bipolar world. The end of the cold war offered mankind an unprecedented opportunity to restructure international affairs based on fairness and democracy. By the end of the 1980s, the combined efforts of the Soviet Union and the United States (along with other nations) were able to eliminate the threat of global nuclear war. Building on this newfound cooperation, they were able to reduce nuclear arsenals, to strengthen the...

  8. 3 Regional Trends in Russian Foreign Policy
    (pp. 81-140)

    From the very first day of its existence, the most crucial foreign policy issue for the new Russia has been its relationship with the Commonwealth of Independent States. The collapse of the USSR led to unprecedented changes across an enormous geopolitical space, populated by dozens of diverse ethnic groups. These changes have directly, and often dramatically, affected the lives of millions of our compatriots. This is why the problem of creating a new system of international relations in the space of the former USSR continues to be one of the highest foreign policy priorities for the Russian leadership. Over the...

  9. 4 New Horizons
    (pp. 141-160)

    The central goal of Russian foreign policy was and remains creating the optimal external conditions for continued domestic transformation that strengthens the government, improves the economy, and increases the well-being of Russian citizens. The role of “economic diplomacy” in Russian foreign policy is continually increasing. This reflects a global trend: economic factors exert an increasingly substantial influence on states’ foreign policy and on the development of international relations at regional and global levels.

    Specifically, this translates into the ever wider and more active use of Russia’s foreign policy and diplomatic tools to help achieve goals such as

    —economic stabilization and...

  10. 5 Conclusion
    (pp. 161-164)

    The foreign policy of Russia, like the entire course of international relations itself, is an ongoing, dynamic, and creative process. After turning the final page of this book, it is important to realize that this is not in any way the final word on the subject; the process described therein will never be finished.

    The mechanism by which the foreign policy of any state is developed can be conceived of in mathematical terms, as a formula containing closely related “constants” and “variables.” A state’s basic interests, goals, and aspirations represent the constants. The variables are the whole array of changeable...

  11. APPENDIX Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation
    (pp. 165-182)
  12. Notes
    (pp. 183-194)
  13. Index
    (pp. 195-203)