A Deadly Triangle

A Deadly Triangle: Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India

William Dalrymple
Copyright Date: 2013
Edition: DGO - Digital original
Pages: 29
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  • Book Info
    A Deadly Triangle
    Book Description:

    THE BROOKINGS ESSAY: In the spirit of its commitment to high-quality, independent research, the Brookings Institution has commissioned works on major topics of public policy by distinguished authors, including Brookings scholars. The Brookings Essay is a multi-platform product aimed to engage readers in open dialogue and debate. The views expressed, however, are solely those of the author.

    eISBN: 978-0-8157-2588-6
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-2)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 3-3)
  3. The Sole Survivor
    (pp. 4-7)

    At six o’clock in the morning of February 26, 2010, Major Mitali Madhumita was awakened by the ringing of her mobile phone. Mitali, a 35-year-old Indian army officer from Orissa, had been in Kabul less than a year. Fluent in Dari, the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan, she was there to teach English to the first women officer cadets to be recruited to the Afghan National Army.

    It was a sensitive posting, not so much because of gender issues as political ones: India’s regional rival, Pakistan, was extremely touchy about India providing military assistance to the government in Afghanistan...

  4. The Indian-Pakistani Conflict Over Afghanistan
    (pp. 7-13)

    The February 2010 attack on the Indian guest houses was a rare overt act of hostility in the long covert struggle India and Pakistan have been waging on and off for more than sixty years over their competing influence in Afghanistan. But it was not the only such act. In fact it was the third in less than three years.

    Fifteen months before, on October 8, 2009, a massive car bomb had been set off outside the Indian embassy in Kabul killing 17 people and wounding 63. Most of the dead were ordinary Afghans caught walking near the target. A...

  5. Twin States: Enemies Since Birth
    (pp. 13-17)

    The origins of the Indian-Pakistani rivalry in Afghanistan date back to Partition in 1947.

    As the British walked away from their Indian Empire in the aftermath of the Second World War, they divided up their former colony between Hindu-majority India and overwhelmingly Muslim Pakistan. It was in that context that Kashmir became a thorn in the side of both countries. The fate of what had been, under the Raj, the princely state of Kashmir, became an anomaly of Partition. With its large Muslim majority, Kashmir was an obvious candidate to join Pakistan. But the pro-Indian sympathies of both its Hindu...

  6. 9/11 Changed Everything
    (pp. 17-22)

    In Pakistan General Pervez Musharraf, the army commander who had overthrown and replaced Nawaz in the military coup of 1999, was quickly pressured by American threats into allying himself unambiguously with the U.S. “We were on the verge of being declared a terrorist state,” he later wrote in his memoirs. “In that situation,” he added—revealing his overarching strategic priority—” what would have happened to the Kashmir cause?”

    Musharraf’s support for the U.S. reversed a decade of Pakistani foreign policy. He embraced President George W. Bush’s “Global War on Terror,” publicly broke relations with the Taliban, and called for...

  7. Post-American Afghanistan
    (pp. 22-27)

    Twelve years after the international community went into Afghanistan to destroy al-Qaida and oust the Taliban, Western troops are about to withdraw, with neither objective achieved. The Taliban now control most of rural southern Afghanistan. That share is likely to increase next year when the British and the Americans withdraw 100,000 of their troops. Al-Qaida, which has moved to the Pakistani borderlands, and elsewhere, has been severely damaged but is far from finished.

    Hamid Karzai’s own future is equally uncertain. He must step down from office next year, according to the constitution. And on a recent trip to Islamabad, I...

    (pp. 28-28)
    (pp. 29-29)