Deadly Embrace

Deadly Embrace: Pakistan, America, and the Future of the Global Jihad

Bruce Riedel
Copyright Date: 2011
Pages: 180
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  • Book Info
    Deadly Embrace
    Book Description:

    Pakistan and the United States have been locked in a deadly embrace for decades. Successive American presidents from both parties have pursued narrow short-term interests in the South Asian nation, and many of the resulting policies proved counterproductive in the long term, contributing to political instability and a radicalized public. This background has helped set the stage for the global jihad confronting much of the world today.

    InDeadly Embrace, Bruce Riedel explores the forces behind these developments, explaining how and why the history of Pakistan-U.S. relations has unfolded as it has. He explains what the United States can do now to repair the damage and how it can avoid making similar mistakes in dealing with extremist forces in Pakistan and beyond.

    Riedel is one of America's foremost authorities on U.S. security, South Asia, and terrorism, and he helped to craft President Obama's 2009 speech referring to the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands as the "most dangerous region of the world." He follows upThe Search for al Qaeda, his influential 2008 analysis of the terror network's ideology and leadership, with a sober, authoritative, and sometimes alarming look at the history, importance, and current role of Pakistan, epicenter of the global jihad movement, beginning with the history of U.S.-Pakistan relations since the partitioning of the subcontinent in 1947.

    The relationship between Pakistan and America is a fascinating yet muddled story, meandering through periods of friendship and enmity, symbiosis and distrust: it's no wonder that people in both nations are confused.Deadly Embraceexplains how the United States, on several occasions, actually helped the foes of democracy in Pakistan and aided in the development of the very enemies it is now fighting in the region. The book seeks to unravel this paradox, revealing and interpreting the tortuous path of relations between two very different nations, which remain, in many ways, stuck with each other.

    eISBN: 978-0-8157-0558-1
    Subjects: Political Science, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Preface
    (pp. ix-xvi)
  4. CHAPTER ONE Understanding Pakistan
    (pp. 1-16)

    We were aboard Air Force One en route to California when I began briefing President Barack Obama on the strategic review of American policy toward Afghanistan and Pakistan he had asked me to do. Seated behind his wood desk in the president’s cabin, Obama listened closely, asking many questions. I first summarized the threat assessment.

    A syndicate of terrorists now embedded in Pakistan and Afghanistan was planning further attacks on American interests at home and abroad. A prominent member was al Qaeda, the group that changed world history with its attack on New York and Virginia on September 11, 2001....

  5. CHAPTER TWO Zia’s Jihad
    (pp. 17-35)

    The director’s conference room on the seventh floor of Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) headquarters in Langley, Virginia, was well known to me. Over the course of a decade, I had spent hours in this richly paneled windowless room, seated in one of two dozen chairs surrounding the large table that dominated it, or in one of many more placed along the walls for backbenchers. On this day in 1983, I was a backbencher watching the National Foreign Intelligence Board (NFIB) review a new National Intelligence Estimate on Afghanistan, which I had helped draft and coordinate as the deputy national intelligence...

  6. CHAPTER THREE Omar’s Jihad
    (pp. 36-59)

    The Willard Hotel is one of Washington’s finest and most historic lodgings. General Ulysses S. Grant stayed there when he took command of the Union armies in 1864. At first, the desk clerk did not recognize him, but on learning his error announced to the lobby the presence of the Union’s greatest warrior, whereupon Grant was mobbed by well-wishers. Since then the Willard has hosted dozens of prominent leaders, including many foreign heads of state.

    In April 1995 I was calling on one of them, Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto, the first woman to be a head of government in...

  7. CHAPTER FOUR Osama’s Jihad
    (pp. 60-85)

    We were meeting in a large conference room in President Pervez Musharraf’s office in Islamabad. Chief Executive (as he called himself) Musharraf and his team sat on one side of the long conference table, and President Bill Clinton and his team on the other. A large picture of Jinnah hung on the wall. Every office in Pakistan has one. Clinton had just arrived from India, where he had spent March 19–25, 2000, enjoying a very warm welcome. The streets of New Delhi, Mumbai, and other cities had been crowded with millions of adoring Indians. The same had been true...

  8. CHAPTER FIVE Global Jihad
    (pp. 86-105)

    Once more a meeting with Pakistani officials was being held at the Willard Hotel near the White House, now at the end of July 2008. This one was between Senator Barack Obama, the soon-to-be presidential candidate, and the new prime minister of Pakistan, Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani. The conference room was arranged with two large chairs facing each other at an angle and four smaller chairs off to the sides for aides. Gillani brought with him the Pakistani ambassador to the United States, Husain Haqqani, and his information minister, Sherry Rehman. I knew them both and think of them as...

  9. CHAPTER SIX Thinking the Unthinkable: Implications of a Jihadist State in Pakistan
    (pp. 106-118)

    The map room on the ground floor of the White House is often used by the president or first lady for sensitive meetings. It provides considerable privacy mixed with the intimacy of being inside one of the mansion’s most historic rooms. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt used the room to follow the course of World War II, filling it with maps to monitor the struggle with fascism. The name endures, and one of FDR’s maps remains in the room. In early May 1998, First Lady Hillary Clinton met with Benazir Bhutto in the map room for a private conversation and tea....

  10. CHAPTER SEVEN Helping Pakistan
    (pp. 119-144)

    The Old Executive Office Building (OEOB), now officially renamed the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, is one of Washington’s architectural and historic gems. Originally called the State, War, and Navy Building, it was built in 1871 in the style of Napoleon III’s Paris to house the national security infrastructure of the post–Civil War federal government. A magnificent example of America’s self-confidence and ambition in the aftermath of its bloodiest war, the building stood as a symbol in stone of the nation’s transformation into a world power. The Departments of State, War, and Navy filled its spaces until the end of...

  11. Key Persons and Timeline
    (pp. 145-148)
  12. Notes
    (pp. 149-164)
  13. Bibliography
    (pp. 165-170)
  14. Index
    (pp. 171-180)
  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 181-182)