Rising Star

Rising Star: China's New Security Diplomacy

Bates Gill
Copyright Date: 2007
Pages: 267
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  • Book Info
    Rising Star
    Book Description:

    China's diplomatic strategy has changed dramatically since the mid-1990s, creating both challenges and opportunities for the United States. U.S. policymakers have only just begun to comprehend these critical changes, however, and all too often their China policy has been incoherent. InRising Star, Bates Gill points the way out of this morass. Based on a comprehensive and far-reaching analysis of the transformation in China's security diplomacy, he persuasively makes the case for a more nuanced and focused policy toward Beijing.

    Over the past decade, China's approach to regional and global security affairs has become more proactive, practical, and constructive. This trend favors U.S. interests in many ways. Yet China's new strategy has also bolstered its international influence and may enhance its ability to resolve thorny issues -such as Taiwan's future -on its own terms. In exploring these dynamics, sing Star fofocuses on Chinese policy in three areas - regional security mechanisms, nonproliferation and arms control, and questions of sovereignty and intervention. The concluding chapter analyzes U.S.-China relations and offers specific recommendations toward a framework that emphasizes what the two countries have in common, rather than what divides them. Today, China's rise presents the international community with a tremendous challenge. Successfully managing this transition will require informed realism, astute management, and nimble diplomacy. Timely and vital, ngStar off offers essential guidance to policymakers approaching this task, and provides insightful understanding for all those interested in Chinese foreign policy both in the United States and around the world.

    eISBN: 978-0-8157-3147-4
    Subjects: Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface
    (pp. vii-x)
  4. Acknowledgments
    (pp. xi-xii)
  5. 1 The New Security Diplomacy
    (pp. 1-20)

    Since the mid-1990s, China’s global and regional security diplomacy has dramatically changed. Overall, China is pursuing positions on regional and global security matters that are far more consistent with broad international norms and practice than in the past. China’s approach to regional and global security affairs has become more proactive, practical, and constructive, a pattern that looks likely to continue for years to come.

    Through a combination of pragmatic security policies, growing economic clout, and increasingly deft diplomacy, China has established productive and increasingly solid relationships throughout Asia and around the globe, to include new partnerships in Southeast Asia, Central...

  6. 2 Regional Security Mechanisms
    (pp. 21-73)

    In reviewing China’s experience of misfortune with alliances and other security-related institutions—both as a partner in them and as a target of them—it is easy to understand the country’s traditional ambivalence and suspicion toward such arrangements.

    However, since the mid-to-late 1990s China has altered its approach and, as a core aspect of its new security diplomacy, has fostered and strengthened an expanding range of bilateral and multilateral political and security-related ties and confidence-building measures throughout the region and around the globe. Beijing’s more proactive approach to regional security mechanisms is motivated by the three overarching goals of its...

  7. 3 Nonproliferation and Arms Control
    (pp. 74-103)

    Nonproliferation and arms control have been at the heart of contentious differences between China and the international community, and especially the United States, since the mid-1980s. More recently, nonproliferation and arms control issues became even more contentious given concerns over possible terrorist access to weapons of mass destruction, especially in light of China’s proliferation-related ties to such countries as Iran, North Korea, and Libya.

    For much of its history since its founding in 1949, and especially between the 1950s and 1980s, China expressed ambivalence, skepticism, and active defiance of mainstream international nonproliferation and arms control norms. Since 1955 China has...

  8. 4 Sovereignty and Intervention
    (pp. 104-136)

    Chinese leaders and strategists staunchly defend a traditional understanding of sovereignty that justifies Beijing’s absolute authority over China’s expansive territory, strengthens regime legitimacy, deflects internal criticism of its domestic policies, counters the encroachment of foreign influence, and wards off outside involvement in such sovereignty claims as Taiwan and Tibet. When Chinese look beyond their borders, these strong views on sovereignty are reflected in the country’s policies regarding foreign interventions abroad.

    However, as part of China’s new security diplomacy, Chinese views on sovereignty and intervention display signs of greater flexibility and pragmatism across a range of security-related questions, including such critical...

  9. 5 Challenges for U.S. Policy
    (pp. 137-169)

    The preceding chapters demonstrate that by and large China has increasingly carried out global and regional security policies convergent with international norms, regional expectations, and U.S. interests and aimed at improving its image and position in world affairs. However, potentially serious challenges and uncertainties lie ahead over the medium to longer term. Having made gains in security and diplomatic terms through the exercise of its new security diplomacy—and with the likelihood that further gains lie ahead—Beijing will find itself in an increasingly better position to achieve more self-interested goals on its own terms and in its own favor....

  10. 6 Opportunities for U.S. Policy
    (pp. 170-202)

    This chapter turns to the many, often overlooked, opportunities presented to the international community and particularly to U.S. interests by China’s evolving security diplomacy. It is important to identify positive aspects of China’s new security diplomacy, determine those aspects that give China a greater stake in global and regional stability, and defuse the potential for confrontation between the United States and China so as to foster the emergence of a more open, constructive, and responsible China. By and large, China’s new security diplomacy signals increasing convergence with these goals, and Washington should more actively leverage these opportunities. Recognizing the seriousness...

  11. 7 Looking Ahead
    (pp. 203-207)

    Motivated by enduring interests to maintain domestic stability and development, reassure neighbors about its “peaceful rise,” and avoid an overtly conflictual relationship with the United States, the Chinese leadership has since the late 1990s implemented a new security diplomacy, which is more confident, proactive, and convergent with international norms and, generally speaking, with U.S. interests. This approach is readily apparent in China’s more constructive policies across a range of security issues, including such measures as participating in regional security mechanisms and confidence-building measures, expanding its peacekeeping and counterterrorism activities, and improving its nonproliferation and arms control policies at home and...

  12. Appendix. United States Nonproliferation Sanctions against China, 1987–2006
    (pp. 208-216)
  13. Notes
    (pp. 217-250)
  14. Index
    (pp. 251-268)
  15. Back Matter
    (pp. 269-270)