Inside Out India and China

Inside Out India and China: Local Politics Go Global

William Antholis
Copyright Date: 2014
Pages: 235
https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7864/j.ctt7zsvw7
  • Cite this Item
  • Book Info
    Inside Out India and China
    Book Description:

    One third of humanity is governed by two capitals, New Delhi and Beijing. Increasingly, these two countries are being led not from the top down, but rather from the Inside Out.

    In 2014, India overwhelmingly elected Narendra Modi minister, a man who rose to national prominence as chief minister of Gujarat, India's fastest growing state. Likewise, in 2013, Xi Jinping took over as president of China, having served as top official in Zhejiang and Shanghai, two of China's most prosperous provinces.

    Anticipating these trends and leadership transitions, William Antholis spent five months in 2012 traversing twenty Indian states and Chinese provinces, conducting over three hundred interviews, including with Narendra Modi. Antholis's detailed narratives show what both Modi and Xi Jinping learned firsthand: that local successes-and failures-will determine the future of the world's largest two nations. And his new forward, prepared for this edition, lays out key takeaways from the transitions of 2013 and 2014.

    eISBN: 978-0-8157-2646-3
    Subjects: Economics, Political Science

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-vii)
  3. [Maps]
    (pp. viii-x)
  4. PREFACE TO THE PAPERBACK EDITION POWER PARADOX: SEIZING CONTROL TO GIVE IT AWAY
    (pp. xi-xxiv)
  5. CHAPTER ONE JIGSAW: COUNTING TO 1.3 BILLION
    (pp. 1-8)

    ONE THIRD OF humanity is governed from two capitals, Beijing and New Delhi.

    People who work in finance often speak of the magic of large numbers. The same applies to politics. To manage the biggest challenges facing the planet, China and India must be at the table. Steering the world economy, combating poverty, slowing global warming, preventing nuclear war—these are big and hard problems. You cannot get there from here without going through these two giants.

    Yet few in Western foreign policy circles think about the dark magic of large numbers: what it takes to move two seemingly self-contained...

  6. CHAPTER TWO LESS THAN PERFECT UNIONS
    (pp. 9-36)

    WHEN CHAIRMAN MAO ZEDONG and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru established China’s and India’s modern systems in the late 1940s, both feared the power of provinces and states. Over six decades later, China’s and India’s most dynamic locales have pulled these two countries into leadership positions in the world economy. If China’s five largest exporting provinces were independent nations, each would rank among the top forty trading nations. India sends as many highly skilled workers to the United States as the rest of the world combined—and half of those come from just four of India’s thirty states. However, empowered local...

  7. CHAPTER THREE CHINA: PROMISED LANDS, HEARTLANDS, BADLANDS
    (pp. 37-85)

    TODAY’S CHINA IS a crowded three-panel landscape painting. The first panel is a vibrant entrepreneurial coast. The second is a rising, inland region, where most Chinese live and where stateled economic growth dominates. The third is a remote, restive, but resource-rich west. Given this diversity, China’s leaders are obsessed with preserving unity—or perhaps more accurately, creating it. Knitting together very different economies, societies, and even political cultures is among the top leadership’s hardest jobs. It is particularly hard because many of China’s great successes—and also failures—have come from allowing greater local control.

    The stock phrase “state-led capitalism”...

  8. CHAPTER FOUR INDIA: FORWARD STATES, BACKWARD STATES, AND SWING STATES
    (pp. 86-131)

    INDIA, LIKE CHINA, now has both spectacularly wealthy urban centers and also hundreds of millions who live in rural poverty. India’s coast, like China’s, now features states that are global trade and investment hubs. Its hinterlands, like China’s, struggle to generate sustained economic growth, to responsibly steward natural resources, and to develop effective and transparent governance.

    India’s economic successes are real. As markets opened, Indians and others began to invest in the country’s businesses. Some high-profile exports have captured global imaginations, particularly in technology and services. Trade has grown dramatically, jumping by nearly 20 percent each year for the past...

  9. CHAPTER FIVE POWER POLITICS, INSIDE OUT
    (pp. 132-160)

    SINCE HU JINTAO and Manmohan Singh took power in the early 2000s, China and India have regularly pledged greater cooperation with the United States and Europe on finding reliable, affordable, and sustainable sources of energy. One could predict that their regular summit meetings with industrial powers would touch on energy cooperation. China and India, along with their U.S. and European counterparts, have participated enthusiastically in a series of clean energy ministerial meetings.

    Ten years and two American presidents later, those efforts have not been entirely wasted. But American and European energy relations with both emerging giants remain unsettled at best...

  10. CHAPTER SIX DIFFERENTLY THE SAME: INSIDE OUT DIPLOMACY
    (pp. 161-188)

    CHINA IS NOT only Beijing and Shanghai; India is not only New Delhi and Mumbai. The United States and Europe need to understand the range of important localities in the world’s two largest nations, and they also mustactively engagewith those local communities and their leaders. On too many issues, American presidents or corporate CEOs have had productive talks with Indian and Chinese counterparts but are then disappointed because a regional leader opposes making a deal or refuses to implement a central government directive. And on a few key issues, important innovations are happening at the local state or...

  11. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. 189-196)
  12. NOTES
    (pp. 197-224)
  13. INDEX
    (pp. 225-236)
  14. Back Matter
    (pp. 237-237)