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Dominance of Indirect Causality in Ecosystems
Masahiko Higashi and Bernard C. Patten
The American Naturalist
Vol. 133, No. 2 (Feb., 1989), pp. 288-302
Page Count: 15
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Ecosystems, Causality, Ecosystem models, Nekton, Matrices, Metaphysical naturalism, Markov chains, Modeling, Propagation delay
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The American Naturalist © 1989 The University of Chicago Press