Journal Article

Transnational Urbanward Migration, 1830-1980

Brian J. L. Berry
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
Vol. 83, No. 3 (Sep., 1993), pp. 389-405
Page Count: 17
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Transnational Urbanward Migration, 1830-1980
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Data sets are provided that measure the volume of transnational urbanward immigration and yield estimates of the contributions of transnational migrants to urban growth for an expanding panel of countries from 1830-1980. Urbanward immigration is found to be cyclical, pulsating with long-wave rhythmicity. This cyclicality is the source of long-term surges and sags of urban growth in both receiving and sending countries. Since World War II, variations in the relationship have emerged across levels of development. The historical association of transnational migration and urban growth is still to be seen in low- and middle-income countries, but among higher-income countries, transnational urbanward immigration now is inversely related to urban growth: the countries with the lowest rates of urban growth are those with the greatest foreign inflows, which speeds the globalization of urban populations in the world's most developed regions.