'Altered recapitulations,' commonly regarded as a distinguishing feature of Joseph Haydn's sonata form movements, are usually explained in terms of the 'monothematic' design of the exposition. According to the logic used in such analytical studies, recomposing the recapitulation would have been aimed at restoring the proportional balance between exposition and recapitulation, a need that resulted from the omission of the seemingly redundant, retransposed secondary theme along with the preceding transition. Though such an explanation has long been considered indisputable, this article casts doubt on the validity of the redundancy principle by showing that Haydn often did retain the monothematic section in the recapitulation. Rather, the recomposition of the recapitulation results from two important structural aspects thus far largely neglected in the literature: (1) the repetitive formal structure of the main theme, which is often considerably reworked in the recapitulation; and (2) the insertion of a separate newly composed dominant zone in the recapitulation that serves to compensate for the lack of a structural dominant at the end of the development section. Finally, it is argued here that Haydn, who was deeply rooted in the late Baroque tradition, by no means regarded multiple 'double returns' as either problematic or redundant, for he may have been thinking more in terms of an overriding ritornello structure.
Akadémiai Kiadó is Hungary's most important publisher of scientific and academic books and journals as well as the publisher of a wide variety of dictionaries in many languages. The company is majority-owned by the Amsterdam-based publishing conglomerate Wolters Kluwer and a minority is owned by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Akadémiai Kiadó has been a well-known brand name in the international science publishing field for many years. Its activity covers every major field of science and scholarship, and a major part of its output appears in foreign languages, mainly in English.