The preservation of traditional music in Ireland may be regarded initially as the outgrowth of antiquarian interest from within the Protestant Ascendancy. With the development of a nationalist political consciousness in the nineteenth century however, music in Ireland rapidly assumed symbolic connotations of emancipation and artistic regeneration which ironically inhibited the growth of an independent art music. The preservation of the ethnic repertory consolidated the notion of Irish music as an immutable fact of the past which could inspire the present in terms of extra-musical thought (political and literary) but which silenced the claim of an original art music upon the Irish mind. Unlike the cross-fertilization of ethnic and art traditions represented by Bartók's achievement in Hungary, the polarised condition of music in Ireland has meant that the preservation of one tradition (represented in the first instance by the great collectors) has not particularly enhanced the cultivation of the other.
The International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music features original scholarly articles on music aesthetics, the sociology of music, the social history of music, and the history of ideas in music. The journal has been published since 1970, with articles written in English, French, and German. In addition to articles, it features reviews, announcements and reports on conferences.
The Croatian Musicological Society (CMS) was founded in 1992 to promote musicological studies in Croatia. At present it has approximately 210 members in Croatia and abroad. The Society sponsors national and international conferences and lectures, and holds annual meetings. The CMS publishes the twice-yearly journals International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music and the Croatian musicological review Arti musices, as well as series of proceedings (multilingual), monographical studies (in Croatian), music catalogues (Croatian-English), and scores (Indices collectiorum musicarum tabulariorumque in Croatia).