New Publication Cultures in the Humanities

New Publication Cultures in the Humanities: Exploring the Paradigm Shift

Edited by Péter Dávidházi
Copyright Date: 2014
Pages: 177
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt12877w9
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  • Book Info
    New Publication Cultures in the Humanities
    Book Description:

    The changes we have seen in recent years in the scholarly publishing world-including the growth of digital publishing and changes to the role and strategies of publishers and libraries alike-represent the most dramatic paradigm shift in scholarly communications in centuries. This volume brings together leading scholars from across the humanities to explore that transformation and consider the challenges and opportunities it brings.

    eISBN: 978-90-485-1971-2
    Subjects: Art & Art History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 1-6)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 7-8)
  3. Preface Exploring Paradigms and Ourselves
    (pp. 9-18)
    Péter Dávidházi
  4. The Digital Enterprise:: Views Philosophical, Historical and Personal
    • Digital Humanities Foundations
      (pp. 21-36)
      Jacques Dubucs

      We must keep in mind some numerical data when we evoke the transition from the paper to the digital age. In particular, the following contrast speaks for itself:

      1. All the books ever written represent 50 billion bytes.

      2. The information produced in 2006 represents 150 quintillion (150 x 10¹⁸) bytes. That is to say, during 2006 alone, the world produced three million times the informational content of all the books ever written.

      3. Things continue in this way at high speed: the only internet track of May 2009 has generated 500 billion bytes.

      Thus, our paper-based heritage is already...

    • Looking Forwards, Not Back Some Ideas on the Future of Electronic Publications
      (pp. 37-46)
      Gudrun Gersmann

      Things have changed dramatically during the last decade. Ten to fifteen years ago the electronic world seemed to be reserved for geeks, nerds or scientific outsiders. In the Nineties many people had no idea of how quickly the ‘new media’ would change their personal and professional lives. I recall a friend, who – at one point in the 1990s – was astonished to hear that I wanted to buy a hard disk for my home computer. Why would you want to buy that, he asked me: “You will never write enough books in your life to fill a hard disk.”

      However, in...

    • The Dynamics of Digital Publications An Exploration of Digital Lexicography
      (pp. 47-62)
      Claudine Moulin and Julianne Nyhan

      Since the earliest times, memory, learning, imagination and the technologies (in the sense oftechnê) that aid their recording, communication and study have been deeply interwoven. The roles played by technologies in reflecting, shaping and informing our interpretation of the world have been highly complex. Think of the technology of the book, for example, and the political, social and intellectual significance of the transition from the scroll to the codex both in and for the Christian tradition. Nevertheless, it is important to state that technologies are not the only or even driving force behind such changes and scholars, such as...

    • Too Much of a Good Thing? Or, A Historian Swamped by the Web
      (pp. 63-88)
      Luca Codignola

      I recently asked a former student of mine, now a brilliant Irish PhD with a Canadian MA and an Italian BA: “So, what do you think of Google Books?” In response, he sent me a PDF of Leopold von Ranke’s original German version ofHistory of the Popes(1834-6). Without Google Books, he explained, he would not have been able to read it, except by travelling to one of the libraries that possessed this rare work. My former student is a regular exploiter of these new technologies. More than once I have e-mailed him asking for what I thought were...

  5. Changing Models for Textual Editing in Electronic Publication
    • Electronic Textual Criticism A Challenge to the Editor and to the Publisher
      (pp. 91-98)
      Gábor Kecskeméti

      The Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) was originally established in the early nineteenth century for linguistic and literary studies, including laying the foundation of research in Hungarian literary history. Studying national classics of Hungarian literary history has been the Academy’s mission ever since, so HAS played and plays an essential role in the research into classic authors’ life-works.¹ Scholarly text editions are made of the oeuvres of national classics or compiled from certain periods of literary history on the basis of genre. Most of these critical editions are produced by the Institute for Literary Studies of the HAS, even though...

    • Computer-assisted Scholarly Editing of Manuscript Sources
      (pp. 99-116)
      Andrea Bozzi

      Over the last months, various reports have appeared in the media regarding the creation of large digital libraries implemented by public institutions and private companies working in collaboration. More recently, many of the problems connected with copyright seem to have been resolved or have found feasible solutions. In the meantime, new tools for the dissemination and reading ofe-bookshave started to appear on the market.

      A new form of publication appears to be emerging: on the one hand this important issue tends to be oversimplified in the media, especially when the advent of these new technologies is presented as...

    • Electronic Media and Changing Methods in Classics
      (pp. 117-128)
      Bernhard Palme

      At first sight, Classical Studies may not seem an obvious field of application for advanced computer technology. Focused on Greek and Latin literature, Classics appears to be concentrated on texts, books and book production in an established and conservative way. However, Classical Philology, Ancient History and a wide range of auxiliary disciplines like epigraphy, papyrology and numismatics have been among the first in the Humanities to systematically develop and use electronic tools.¹ This is partly due to the vivid interest of some leading scholars of the 1980s and 1990s in computer science and partly also due to the favourable circumstances...

  6. Cutting Edge: New Means of Access, Evaluation and Funding
    • Publication Practices in Motion The Benefits of Open Access Publishing for the Humanities
      (pp. 131-146)
      Janneke Adema and Eelco Ferwerda

      The internet holds a myriad of benefits for science as a whole and more specifically for the Humanities. To some, the dream of a universal online library containing all the texts in the world seems more conceivable than ever before. In this narrative, global access to information, from any place and at any time, offers the potential to improve the quality of research, the efficiency of science, and the speed of communication.¹

      Despite these potential benefits of the online environment, the uptake of digital communication and publication practices in the Humanities has been slow. But this situation is changing. The...

    • The Future of Publications in the Humanities Possible Impacts of Research Assessment
      (pp. 147-172)
      Milena Žic Fuchs

      During the last decade we have witnessed lively debates on two interlinked issues: how to ensure a higher level of visibility for Humanities research outputs, and how to establish assessment mechanisms for Humanities research. The aim of this paper is to give an overview of existing attempts in both directions, with special emphasis on possible impacts of evaluation mechanisms on publication cultures characteristic of the disciplines that traditionally comprise the research domain of the Humanities.² Discussions and proposals on the above issues, both in academic circles and in funding bodies across Europe, clearly indicate the need for providing more visibility...

    • ERIH’s Role in the Evaluation of Research Achievements in the Humanities
      (pp. 173-182)
      Ferenc Kiefer

      My paper will be organized as follows: In the first part I will say a few words about ERIH, its aims and its possible role in the evalution of research in the Humanities. In the second part I will discuss the main differences in publication culture between sciences and Humanities, and summarize the main changes in publication practices in the Humanities that have occurred during the last few decades. In the last part I will take up the problem of bibliometrics as an evaluation tool in Humanities research.

      ERIH stands for “European Reference Index for the Humanities.” It is an...

    • Performing Excellence in the Humanities The Funding Initiative ‘Opus Magnum’ of the VolkswagenStiftung
      (pp. 183-202)
      Vera Szöllösi-Brenig

      Reading is – as the renowned neuroscientist Ernst Pöppel points out – one of the most unnatural activities for the brain. In his opinion, to read is to abuse the brain. Reading is not inherent to human nature, it is a human invention made possible by the flexibility of the brain (Pöppel 40f.) No doubt, books have become the ultimate physical evidence of this invention, and it conquered civilization long before the Gutenberg revolution.

      Already in the Old Testament, we find the notion of the “Book of Life.” Those whose names are written in it will have life and spend eternity in...

  7. Contributors
    (pp. 203-208)
  8. Index
    (pp. 209-211)
  9. Back Matter
    (pp. 212-212)