Amadis of Gaul, Books III and IV

Amadis of Gaul, Books III and IV

Edwin B. Place
Herbert C. Behm
Copyright Date: 2009
Pages: 750
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  • Book Info
    Amadis of Gaul, Books III and IV
    Book Description:

    In the long history of European prose, few works have been more influential and popular thanAmadis of Gaul. It is a landmark work among the knight-errantry tales and probably derives from an oral tradition. Although its original author is unknown, it was likely written during the early fourteenth century, with the first known version of this work, dating from 1508, written in Spanish by Garci Ordóñez (or Rodríguez) de Montalvo. An early bestseller of the age of printing,Amadis of Gaulwas translated into dozens of languages and spawned sequels and imitators over the centuries. A handsome, valiant, and undefeatable knight, Amadis is best known today as Don Quixote's favorite knight-errant and role model. Readers for centuries have delighted in his tales of adventure.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-5992-8
    Subjects: Language & Literature, Sociology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. 4-8)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. 9-10)
  3. Foreword to the 1974 Edition
    (pp. 11-12)
    E. B. P. and H. C. B.

    FOR BACKGROUND INFORMATION CONCERNING THE Amadis the reader is referred to the Preface of Volume I.

    Inasmuch as scholarly books seldom become “bestsellers,” they frequently require a subsidy to assist in defraying publication costs. In the case of this Volume II of our translation it is a pleasure to express our gratitude for the substantial financial contributions made by Mr. Place’s wife Marian, his eldest grandson, the Reverend Michael D. Place, and separately by all of his grandchildren acting as a group: Michael, Stephen, Christopher and wife Susan, William C., Kathi, Nancy, Robert, John, Scott and Ann

    We thank also...

  4. Book III

    • [Book III Introduction]
      (pp. 13-33)

      In which are related some of the great disagreements and discords that there were in the house and court of King Lisuarte because of the bad advice that Gandandel gave the king in order to hurt Amadis and his relatives and friends; at the outset King Lisuarte ordered Angriote and his nephew to leave his court and all his dominions, and he sent a challenge to them, and they returned to him the confirmation of the challenge, as will be told subsequently.

      The story relates that the sons of Gandandel and Brocadan having been killed by the hand of Angriote...

      (pp. 34-47)

      After the fleet left the Firm Island for the Island of Mongaza, as you have heard, Amadis stayed on the Firm Island and Don Bruneo of Bonamar with him; and with the hurry of departure he had no opportunity to ascertain from his foster father, Don Gandales, the latter’s experiences at the court of King Lisuarte. And calling him aside, strolling through a garden where he lodged, he sought to learn what had taken place. Don Gandales told him how he found the queen, and the affection with which she received his message and how much she esteemed him, and...

      (pp. 48-62)

      As King Cildadan and Don Galaor were traveling on their way to where King Lisuarte was, they were told that he was preparing to cross to the Island of Mongaza; and for this reason they traveled on faster in order to arrive in time to cross with him. And it happened to them that they, having slept in a forest, at dawn heard a bell being rung for mass, and they went there to hear it. And on entering the hermitage they saw around the altar twelve very beautiful, richly painted shields, with fields of purple and castles of gold...

      (pp. 63-75)

      As you have heard, King Lisuarte disembarked at the port of the Island of Mongaza, where he found Arban of North Wales and the troops who with him had taken refuge at an army camp located amid some crags — troops whom he ordered to go down at once to the plain and join the forces that he had brought. And he found out how Don Galvanes and his companions, who were at the Boiling Lake, had crossed the mountain range that they had between them, prepared to give them battle. And he moved at once with all his men...

      (pp. 76-98)

      When King Cildadan and Don Galaor left Gaul, Amadis and Don Bruneo of Bonamar remained there. But although they had a sincere affection for each other, they were very different in their lives, for Don Bruneo, being there where his lady Melicia was and talking with her, had no thought of anything else; but since Amadis was far away from his lady Oriana without any hope of being able to see her, everything at hand produced in him only great sadness and loneliness. And so it happened that one day while riding along the seashore with only Gandalin for company,...

      (pp. 99-121)

      For a few days King Perion and his sons rested in that forest; and when they saw the weather to be good and favorable, they put out to sea at once in their galley, expecting to be in Gaul shortly. But it turned out otherwise for them, for that wind was quickly changed and caused the sea to become rough, so that they necessarily had to turn back to Great Britain, not to the part where they were before, but to another more remote. And the ship arrived at the end of five days of storm at the foot of...

      (pp. 122-140)

      When Esplandian was four years old, Nasciano, the hermit, sent word that he be brought to him; and he came well-bred for his age; and Nasciano beheld him so handsome that he was amazed; and blessing him, he drew him into an embrace, and the child embraced him as if he recognized him. Then he had the nurse return home, leaving a son of hers there, on whose milk she had nurtured Esplandian also; and both these youths went frolicking about the hermitage, at which the holy man was very happy, and he gave thanks to God for having been...

      (pp. 141-150)

      In order to afford himself relaxation and pleasure to his knights, King Lisuarte decided to go hunting in the forest and to take with him the queen and their daughters, and all the ladies and maidens-in-waiting. And he commanded that tents be set up at the spring of the Seven Beech Trees, which was a delightful place. And know you that this was the forest in which the hermit Nasciano lived, and where he was rearing Esplandian, whom he had with him. Well, the king and the queen with their retinue having arrived there, while the queen remained at the...

      (pp. 151-161)

      We have already related to you how the Knight of the Green Sword, at the time he departed from King Tafinor of Bohemia, was desirous of visiting the islands of Romania, having heard that bellicose folk dwelt there; and so he did, not by the main route, but by traveling hither and yon righting and correcting many wrongs and injuries that were being done to weak persons, men as well as women, by arrogant knights; in which occupation he was wounded many times and at other times ailing, so that on occasion it was necessary for him, though against his...

      (pp. 162-179)

      The Knight of the Green Sword was sailing over the sea with his company on his way to Constantinople, as you have heard, with a very good wind, when it suddenly changed to the opposite, as often happens, and the sea became so rough, so violently so, that neither the strength of the ship, which was great, nor the knowledge of the sailors was able to cope with it sufficiently to keep it from being frequently in danger of being sunk. The rain was so heavy, the wind so powerful and the sky so dark, that the sailors greatly despaired...

      (pp. 180-200)

      “Since this is your wish, sir,” said Master Elisabad, “you must write to the emperor about what has happened to you; and there will be brought from there some things that we lack for the journey.”

      “Master,” said he, “I have never seen him, nor do I know him, and therefore I refer it all to you to do whatever seems best to you, and in this matter you will be doing me a very great favor.”

      Master Elisabad in order to please him wrote at once a letter informing the emperor of everything that had happened to the foreign...

      (pp. 201-218)

      The Knight of the Green Sword having set out from the port of Constantinople, the weather became good and favorable for his voyage, which was undertaken with the thought that he might [ultimately] be going to that land where his lady Oriana was. This caused him to be very happy, although at that time he had been more worried and tormented on her account than he had ever been before, because he had sojourned three years in Germany and two in Romania and in Greece, and meanwhile not only had he failed to receive any message from her, but also...

      (pp. 219-233)

      The emissaries of the emperor Patin on arriving in Lombardy obtained ships and crossed to Great Britain; and they put into port at Fenusa, where King Lisuarte was, by whom they were received with great honor; and he ordered good lodgings, with all the other things that they needed, to be given to them in great abundance. At this time many nobles were with the king, who was awaiting others for whom he had sent in order to take counsel with them concerning what he should do about the marriage of his daughter Oriana; hence he set a time limit...

      (pp. 234-246)

      While Queen Sardamira and Don Grumedan were talking thus concerning this matter about which you have heard, she listened happily to what he had to say because that journey that the emperor had made under the name of the Patin had been because of his love of her, for he had loved her dearly; and while intending to win her, he had come to Great Britain to test himself with the good knights who were there. Concerning what had happened to him with Amadis, he had said nothing to her; hence inwardly she was highly amused at his having concealed...

      (pp. 247-262)

      With Grasinda there went sailing over the sea the Knight of the Green Sword, Don Bruneo de Bonamar and Angriote de Estravaus, at times with favorable weather and at other times with the opposite, according as God ordained it, until they reached the ocean which is aligned with the coast of Spain. And when the Knight of the Green Sword saw himself so close to Great Britain, he sincerely thanked God for it because, having survived all the many dangers and storms he had experienced on the sea, He had brought him to where he could see that land where...

      (pp. 263-274)

      They landed Grasinda with four maidens, and went to hear mass at the tent; and from there all three knights rode forth armed on their war horses, and Grasinda on her richly caparisoned palfrey so elegantly decked out in cloth of gold and silks, with precious stones and pearls so valuable that the greatest empress in the world could not have worn more of them; because she, always anticipating that day which she had now reached, long beforehand had prepared to have for it the most beautiful and finest things that she could come by as the noble lady that...

      (pp. 275-296)

      You have heard that Oriana was at Miraflores, and with her Queen Sardamira, who by order of King Lisuarte went to see her in order to tell her about the greatness of Rome and the vastly increased dominion in prospect for her through that marriage to the emperor. Now know you that the king, her father, having already promised her to the Romans, decided to send for her in order to arrange for her transportation. And he commanded Giontes, his nephew, to take with him two other knights and some servants and to bring her, and not to permit any...

      (pp. 297-307)

      As King Lisuarte was determined to hand over his daughter Oriana to the Romans, with so firm an intention to do so that nothing of what you have heard could shake it, the appointed time promised by him having arrived, he spoke with her, trying in many ways to induce her to accept voluntarily that journey that was so agreeable to him; but in no way could he lessen her lamenting and grief; therefore very angrily he left her and went to the queen, telling her to quiet their daughter, since what he had done was to little avail, and...

    • NOTES
      (pp. 308-308)
  5. Book IV

      (pp. 309-311)

      Just as the length and antiquity of the past have left many great events for us to remember, so it is equally credible that an infinite number of others have remained hidden without any memory of them remaining. And on this account I think that famous witty sage, Giovanni Boccaccio, made no mention in hisDe casibus virorum illustriumof anything noteworthy happening in the earliest period, the one extending from the first ancestor down to Nimrod; nor of anything in the period from Nimrod to King Latinus of Latium, thereby skipping over very long stretches of time, during which...

      (pp. 312-315)

      At the end and termination of the Third Book of this great story you were told how King Lisuarte, against the wish of all his subjects, of both high and low degree, and of many others who desired to be of service to him, handed over to the Romans his daughter Oriana in order to marry her to the Patin, Emperor of Rome; and how Prince Salustanquidio was taken at sea and killed by Amadis and his companions, who had been together on the Firm Island, and by them were taken prisoner Brondajel de Roca, chief majordomo of the Emperor,...

      (pp. 316-319)

      After Amadis and those knights departed from Salustanquidio’s ship and saw that the entire fleet of the Romans was in the possession of his own men without any opposition, they all gathered together on Don Florestan’s ship and reached the agreement that, since Oriana’s wish and their own inclination was to go to the Firm Island, it would be well to carry this out. And they ordered all the prisoners put in one ship, with Gavarte of the Fearful Valley, and Landin, nephew of Don Cuadragante, together with a lot of the other knights to guard and hold them securely....

      (pp. 320-325)

      From these whom I mention to you, the very beautiful Grasinda, who had remained there, ascertained the arrival and everything that took place; and at once with great diligence made ready to receive Oriana, whom on account of the good publicity given to her everywhere she was more eager to see than she was anyone else in the world. And so, as a lady of high degree and very rich, she wanted to show herself; for at once she donned a skirt and jacket overlaid with rare skill with a scattering of golden roses; these being set off and encircled...

      (pp. 326-329)

      Amadis, however much he might show great courage, since he had it, thought a great deal about the outcome that might result from this great affair, as the one on whom all responsibility fell, although there were there many princes and noble lords and knights of high degree; and he already had his life condemned to death if he didn’t succeed in that great undertaking which was threatening and imperilling his honor. And when all were sleeping he was awake thinking about the remedy that must be applied; and with this preoccupation, with the approval and on the advice of...

      (pp. 330-334)

      Those knights were very content with Don Cuadragante’s reply, because in their opinion there remained nothing more to say. And it was immediately agreed that Amadis should inform King Perion, his father, asking for all help and favor, from him and from all his knights as well as from any others who were his friends and vassals, when he should be called upon; likewise that he should send word to all the others who he knew would be able and willing to lend support, for there were many for whom with great danger to his person he had done great...

      (pp. 335-339)

      It is quite right that it be known and not remain forgotten for what reason these knights and many others who will be mentioned later desired to serve this lady with so much love and good will, exposing themselves in the greatest degree, as they were, to confrontations with such high-ranking princes. Could it be perchance on account of the favors that they had received from her, or because they knew about the secret and circumstances of her love affair with Amadis and on that account were favorably disposed toward it? Certainly I say that neither thing caused their wills...

      (pp. 340-343)

      Amadis went to the lodging of Grasinda, whom he loved and esteemed very much, not only for herself but also for the numerous honors that he had received, and which he did not think had been repaid, although he had done for her what our story has related, considering that there are very great differences between those who perform feats of prowess because of their courage while not having much acquaintance with those who benefit from them, and those who, after they have so benefited, requite and repay them; because the first is out of a generous heart, and the...

      (pp. 344-347)

      The story says that after Amadis had sent Master Elisabad on his way and housed Grasinda with Princess Oriana, he gave orders to summon Tantiles, the majordomo of the beautiful Queen Briolanja, and said to him: “My good friend, I was wishing that you would take the trouble and care on my behalf that I would take in matters that concerned you, and that is, that considering the point at which my honor is, and how much it can be enhanced with good precaution and preparation, and how it could be discredited by the contrary, you go to your lady,...

      (pp. 348-350)

      Don Cuadragante spoke with Landin, his nephew, who was a very good knight, and he said to him: “Beloved nephew, it is necessary that as speedily as possible you leave here and reach Ireland, and speak with the queen, my niece, without King Cildadan’s knowing anything about it; because, in view of what he has sworn and has promised King Lisuarte, it would not be right that he be told anything about this. And tell her the situation in which I am placed, and that although here there are many knights of high degree, from me because of who I...

      (pp. 351-352)

      As for Amadis, as the one who had such a great responsibility on his shoulders, especially with reference to his lady, his thoughts were ever intent on providing what was needed; hence he resolved to send Isanjo, a very honorable knight of very great discretion, whom he found to be governor on the Firm Island at the time that he won it, an office which had come down to him from his ancestors, as the second Book of this story relates in greater detail. And withdrawing with him, he said: “My good lord and noble friend, knowing your virtue and...

      (pp. 353-356)

      The story relates that these messengers having left, as you have heard, Gandalin was in great distress because of his eagerness to go where his lord had commanded him, because he had ordered him not to leave until he had seen Amadis’s cousin Mabilia. He went at once to Oriana’s apartments, where no man could enter without her special command, and they were in that tower that you have already heard about, which was guarded and kept safe only by matrons and maidens. And on reaching the garden gate he told them to tell Mabilia that Gandalin was there, that...

      (pp. 357-363)

      Those knights, on arriving where Oriana was, all greeted her with great reverence and respect. And afterwards all the other ladies. And she received them with very good will as a lady who was of very noble quality and upbringing. Amadis told Don Cuadragante and Brian de Monjaste to go to Oriana, and he went to Mabilia, and Agrajes to where Olinda was with other ladies, who were matrons, and Don Florestan to Queen Sardamira, and Don Bruneo and Angriote to Grasinda, whom they greatly loved and esteemed, and the other knights to other matrons and maidens, each one to...

      (pp. 364-369)

      On the day that he handed his daughter over to the Romans, King Lisuarte accompanied her for a short distance out of town, and with much paternal commiseration offering her consolation to some extent, and at other times with excessive passion dashing her hopes that his resolve could be altered in any way; but the two approaches afforded scant comfort and help, and her sobs and laments were so great that there was not a man in the world that she would not have moved to pity for her. And although the king her father had been in that affair...

      (pp. 370-378)

      “Most mighty Queen Brisena, my lady mother, I, sad and unfortunate Oriana, your daughter, with great humility, beg to kiss your feet and hands. My good lady, you already know how my adverse fortune, wishing to be more adverse and inimical to me than to any other woman there ever was or ever will be, without my deserving it brought it about that I was banished from your presence and dominion with such great cruelty by the king, my lord and father, and with so much pain and anguish for my sad heart that I myself wonder how it can...

      (pp. 379-386)

      After those knights left King Lisuarte he gave orders to summon King Arban of North Wales, and Don Grumedan and Guilan the Pensive, and he said to them: “Friends, you already know the situation in which I am placed by these knights from the Firm Island, and the great discredit that I have received from them; and certainly, if I did not obtain satisfaction in such a way that that great pride that they have might be broken, I would not consider myself a king, nor would I think that anyone else would consider me as such. And in order...

      (pp. 387-401)

      Don Cuadragante and Don Brian de Monjaste after they left Don Grumedan, as the story has related, went their way until they reached the port where they had their ship, which they boarded to go to the Firm Island with the reply that they were bringing from King Lisuarte. And all that day the sea was very tranquil with a fair wind for their voyage; but night having come, the sea began to swell so unfortunately and so violently that they thought they would be completely wrecked and drowned. And the storm was so great that the sailors lost their...

      (pp. 402-404)

      The next morning all those noble lords and knights gathered to hear mass and the message that Don Quadragante and Don Brian de Monjaste were bearing from King Lisuarte. And the mass having been heard, all being together there, Don Cuadragante said to them: “Good lords, our message and his reply were so brief that we cannot tell you anything but that you ought to thank God because with much justice and reason, and while winning great glory and fame, you can test the courage of your noble hearts, for King Lisuarte does not wish any measure other than severity.”...

      (pp. 405-409)

      The story says that Master Elisabad traveled far over the sea until he came to the land of Grasinda, his lady. And there he ordered all the leading grandees of the seigniory summoned, and he showed them the credentials and command that he bore from her, and asked them very insistently to carry out her order at once. And they with great good will replied to him that all of them were ready to put it into execution far better than if she were present. And at once they gave orders that troops of cavalry and crossbowmen and archers and...

      (pp. 410-413)

      Know you that Gandalin arrived in Gaul, where with much pleasure he was received on account of the good news that he brought concerning Amadis, of whom they had not had any news for a long time. And immediately he took the king aside and told him all that his lord had directed him to say, just as you have heard. And as this was a king so courageous that he feared no danger, no matter how great it might be, especially if it related to that son who was a shining mirror in all the world, and whom he...

      (pp. 414-414)

      Lasindo, squire of Don Bruneo of Bonamar, arrived where the Marquis was, and when he told the request of his lord to him and to Branfil, the latter was so distressed at not having participated with those knights in what had taken place and at not having been a participant in taking possession of Oriana, that he wanted to kill himself. And he knelt before his father and very humbly begged him as a boon to order put into execution what his brother had sent word to ask. The Marquis, since he was a good knight and knew about the...

      (pp. 415-416)

      Isanjo, the knight from the Firm Island, arrived in the kingdom of Bohemia and gave the letter from Amadis and the letter of accreditation to King Tafinor. No man would be able to describe how pleased the king was when he saw him; and he said: “Knight, may you be welcome, and I am very grateful to God for this message that you bring to me; and from what will be done, you will be able to see with what good will it is received and whether your journey is well employed.”

      And calling his son Grasandor, he said to...

      (pp. 417-417)

      Landin, nephew of Don Cuadragante, arrived in Ireland with the message from his lord and secretly talked with the queen and told her his lord’s request. And when she heard about such great and dangerous strife, although she knew that her father, King Abies of Ireland, had been killed by the hand of Amadis, as the first Book of this story relates, and she always had for him in her heart that harshness and enmity that in such a case one is accustomed to have, she reflected that it would be much better to help and remedy the present injuries...

      (pp. 418-422)

      Don Guilan the Pensive traveled so far on his day-by-day journeying that twenty days after he left Great Britain he was in Rome with the Emperor Patin, whom he found with many people and great preparations for receiving Oriana, whom he expected each day, because Salustanquidio, his cousin, and Bronjadel de Roca had written him that they already had matters settled and that in complete security they would soon be with him, and he was greatly astonished at how late they were. And Don Guilan, wearing armor just as he did on the journey, except on his hands and head,...

      (pp. 423-435)

      We have told you that Grasandor left the court of his father, the King of Bohemia, in a ship with twenty knights in order to go to the Firm Island. While sailing over the sea, guided by chance, one night he happened upon Giontes, nephew of King Lisuarte, who with his message was going to Rome to the emperor, as you have already heard. And as they saw themselves close to each other, Grasandor gave orders to his sailors to steer toward that ship in order to seize it. And Giontes, as he was carrying only the company needed to...

      (pp. 436-443)

      The story says that Giontes, nephew of King Lisuarte, after he left Grasandor, as you have heard, went directly to Rome, and not only because of his haste but also on account of the emperor’s, very quickly the great fleet was armed and equipped with those ten thousand knights about whom we have already told you; and at once the emperor put out to sea, and without encountering any obstacle on the way he arrived in Great Britain at that port of the town of Windsor, where he knew King Lisuarte was. And when the latter learned of it, he...

      (pp. 444-446)

      The story tells that this King Perion, as he was a very intelligent knight and of great valor, and until then Fortune had always exalted him by protecting and defending his honor, and as he saw himself in such an outstanding confrontation in which his person and sons and most of his relatives were to be involved, and as he knew King Lisuarte to be so vigorous and such an avenger of injuries done him—for knowing about the emperor’s temperament, neither for him nor his troops did he have the slightest respect—was always thinking about what was needed,...

      (pp. 447-450)

      Arcalaus the Enchanter, as you have heard, was keeping on the alert King Arabigo and Barsinan, Lord of Sansuenia, and the King of the Deep Island, who had escaped from the battle of the Seven Kings, and all the relatives of Dardan the Haughty; and when he found out that the troops had come to King Lisuarte and Amadis, in great haste he sent a knight, his relative, whose name was Garin, son of Grumen, whom Amadis had killed when from him and three other knights accompanying Arcalaus the Enchanter he took Oriana, as the first Book of this story...

      (pp. 451-463)

      The story states that the Emperor of Rome and King Lisuarte, with those companies that we have told you about, left the camp they had near Windsor and decided to travel very slowly so that the troops and horses might remain fresh, and that day they only traveled about three leagues; and they set up their camp on a large plain near a forest, and they rested there that night. And next day at dawn they departed in their formation, as we told you, and thus they continued on their way until they learned from some local people that King...

      (pp. 464-475)

      The story tells why this knight came twice to look for Amadis in order to fight with him; for it would be unreasonable that such a great prince as he was should have come with such an intention from a land so distant as his kingdom was without his desire having been ascertained and publicized. Book III has already told you that this Gasquilan was the son of Madarque, the giant of the Sad Island, and of the sister of Lancino, King of Suesa, on whose account he was accepted there as king, because Lancino died without heirs. And as...

      (pp. 476-485)

      King Lisuarte placed in the vanguard King Arban of North Wales, and Norandel and Don Guilan the Pensive, and the other knights you have heard about. And he with his battalion and King Cildadan were stationed behind them, and back of them the emperor and his men, each one in his own brigade with its captains, according to, and in, the order established.

      King Perion gave over the vanguard to his nephew Don Brian de Monjaste, and he and Gastiles, with the standard of the Emperor of Constantinople, were stationed behind them, and all the other battalions in their predetermined...

      (pp. 486-490)

      King Lisuarte arrived at his tent and asked King Cildadan to dismount there and disarm in order that before they rested they might plan how the body of the emperor might be placed where it was fitting for it to be. And when they were disarmed, although they were quite bruised and weary, they went together to the tent of the emperor where he lay dead, and they found all his top-ranking knights gathered around his body mourning deeply; for although this emperor by nature was haughty and gruff, whence those with such mannerisms should be disliked, he was very...

      (pp. 491-510)

      The story relates that that saintly man Nasciano, who had brought up Esplandian, as the third Book of this story records, having occupied his hermitage, in that great forest you have already heard about, for more than forty years — and since it was a very forbidding, remote place, seldom did anyone go there, whence he always maintained supplies sufficient for a long time; and it is not known whether by the grace of God or by means of reports that he was able to hear about the matter — found out that these kings and great lords were in...

      (pp. 511-514)

      The good man Nasciano returned to King Lisuarte as you have heard, and told him what he had discussed with King Perion, and that since everyone was under the latter’s command, it seemed to him that he ought to pursue and further the project with the very fine words that he had used with him. As the king was already resolved and very eager not to grant any longer to the Devil any of the participation that the latter had had up to then, from which great harm had resulted, he said to him: “Father, then it will not be...

      (pp. 515-521)

      We have already told you that King Arabigo and Barsinan, Lord of Sansuenia, and Arcalaus the Enchanter and their companies were hidden away in the wildest and most easily defended area of the mountain while awaiting word from the scouts that they continuously and very secretly were maintaining to spy on the encampments; who witnessed very completely the battles that had taken place, and likewise the fortifying of the camps, whence neither side could receive any harm by night. And as up to that time there had not been any defeat inflicted there; rather, the camps always seemed to be...

      (pp. 522-530)

      We have related to you how King Lisuarte was warned by the knights whom he had dispatched to the mountain that they had seen already the scouts of King Arabigo’s troops, and how King Lisuarte was proceeding in great haste in order to reach his town of Lubayna so that if an attack should come, he could take refuge there; for in view of the fact that he was bringing away his troops in bad shape from the past battles of which you have already heard, he had the firm belief that he would not be able to withstand the...

      (pp. 531-558)

      We have already related how that very handsome youth Esplandian arrived in great haste at the camp of King Perion and informed Amadis of Gaul about the great danger and peril in which his lord King Lisuarte was, and how immediately King Perion with all the troops moved forward in his support, with Amadis in the vanguard with those knights, as you have already heard. But now we shall tell you what they did. Amadis, after he left his father, strove mightily to arrive in time to be able to effect that rescue so that his lady Oriana might recognize...

      (pp. 559-564)

      Just as you have heard, this virtuous and valiant knight Arquisil was accepted as emperor of Rome because of his good friend Amadis of Gaul. Now the story relates that all these kings, leaders and knights remained quite given over to enjoyment in that monastery and in the town of Lubayna until King Lisuarte was in a better state of health and had risen from his sickbed, along with many others of his noble knights who had been wounded, he and they being under the care of that great physician Elisabad. And when King Lisuarte saw himself so improved in...

      (pp. 565-567)

      King Lisuarte took with him King Cildadan and Gasquilan, King of Suesa, and with all their troops returned to the town of Windsor, where he had sent word commanding Queen Brisena his wife to wait for him. Since nothing more is related of what happened to him, except that he arrived at the town in five days, exhibiting a demeanor to a greater degree joyful than he was at heart; for he well recognized that although Amadis remained as his son, and his daughter with him very honorably, and that not only of him but also of the Emperor of...

      (pp. 568-575)

      Now the story relates that King Perion and his companies, after King Lisuarte left them to go to Windsor, where Queen Brisena his wife was, all mounted with their battalions in military formation just as they had come there, and with great pleasure and joy in their hearts started on their way to the Firm Island. The Emperor of Rome regularly lodged with Amadis in his tent, and both slept in the same bed so that never for a single hour were they separated. And all the troops and tents and equipment were in the custody of Brondajel de Roca,...

      (pp. 576-585)

      Amadis said to King Perion, his father: “Sire, it will be well that you send for my lady the queen and for my brother Don Galaor — for whom I hold in reserve the beautiful Queen Briolanja, with whom he will always be happy — so that they be here, as was agreed upon, when King Lisuarte comes.”

      “So let it be done,” said the king, “and I shall write to the queen, and you send whatever most you like.”

      Don Bruneo arose and said: “I wish to make this journey if it pleases your Grace; and I shall take...

      (pp. 586-600)

      The story relates that Angriote de Estravaus and Don Bruneo of Bonamar and his brother Branfil, after they left Queen Elisena went ahead on their voyage, guided by those who knew the way. And the queen, because she was distraught, and also on account of her pleasure at having found those who would aid her in her extremity, had never asked them from where, or who they were. And as they sailed onwards just as I am telling you, one day she said to them: “Good lords and friends, although I have you in my company, I know no more...

      (pp. 601-610)

      As has been told, King Lisuarte, after he arrived at Windsor, ordered the queen to get ready the things needed by her and her daughter Leonoreta; and King Arban of North Wales, his chief majordomo, what he himself needed. And everything having been done and made ready in accordance with his eminence, he departed with his retinue. And he was willing to take with him only King Cildadan, and Don Galvanes, and Madasima, the latter’s wife — who at the time had arrived there at his command from the Island of Mongaza — and a few others, who were knights...

      (pp. 611-613)

      Now the story relates that Dragonis, cousin of Amadis and of Don Galaor, was a very honorable young knight of great courage, as he had demonstrated in past events, especially in the battle that King Lisuarte had with Galvanes and his companions over the Island of Mongaza, where this knight — after Don Florestan and Don Cuadragante and many other noble knights had been incapacitated and taken prisoner by Don Galaor and King Cildadan and Norandel and by all the great body of troops on their side that attacked them, and Don Galvanes had been carried to the aforementioned island...

      (pp. 614-621)

      The kings assembled again as before, and arranged that the weddings be the fourth day, and that the festivities should last two weeks, at the end of which with all matters settled, they should leave and return to their own lands. The appointed day having come, all the bridegrooms gathered in Amadis’s quarters, and they garbed themselves in such rich and costly apparel as their high estate required at such a ceremony. And the brides did likewise; and the kings and great lords took the bridegrooms with them, and mounting their very richly caparisoned palfreys, they went to the garden,...

      (pp. 622-632)

      The story relates that after these great wedding festivities that took place on the Firm Island, Urganda the Unknown asked the kings to order all the knights and ladies and maidens to assemble because she wanted to speak to them about the cause of, and reason for her coming — a request with which they ordered compliance.

      Then with all of them gathered in a great hall of the castle, Urganda took a seat apart, holding those two pages of hers by the hands; and when all became silent, awaiting what she might say, she spoke as follows: “My lords...

      (pp. 633-641)

      Just as you have heard, Amadis remained on the Firm Island with his lady Oriana in the greatest delight and pleasure that ever a knight enjoyed and from which he would not have wished to be separated, were he to be made lord of the world; for just as when he was absent from his lady the cares and sorrows and anxieties of his impassioned heart were wont to torment him to the maximum degree without his finding anywhere relief or respite, so everything was reversed to the maximum when he was in her presence and beholding that great beauty...

      (pp. 642-657)

      That knight of whom the story tells gave orders to bring as much food as he saw was needed, and unarmed as he was, he entered a boat with men to show him the way. And they departed from that harbor together for Balan’s island; and while they were proceeding over the sea, the knight asked Amadis if he knew King Cildadan. Amadis said that he did, that he had seen him and his great knightly exploits many times in the battles that King Lisuarte had with Amadis, and that he could truly say of him that he was one...

      (pp. 658-680)

      Darioleta, the matron who had had Amadis come there, when she saw him thus encircled by all his enemies without having or expecting any help from any source, began to lament grievously and to curse her luck, which had brought her such anguish and sorrow, saying: “Oh wretched unfortunate woman that I am, what will become of me if on my account the best knight ever born should die? How shall I dare appear before his father and mother and brothers, knowing that I was the cause of his death? For if at the time of his birth I endeavored...

      (pp. 681-711)

      Just as you hear, Amadis and Grasandor were enjoying life on that Island of the Vermilion Tower; and Amadis kept asking about his lady Oriana, because all his desires and concerns were focused on her; for although he now possessed her, he was not lacking a single jot of the love that he always had had for her; on the contrary now more than ever his heart was enthralled by her, and with even more circumspection he intended to do her bidding. What caused this was the fact that this great love affair of theirs did not come about by...

      (pp. 712-714)

      Agrajes and Don Cuadragante and Don Bruneo de Bonamar, when they learned of the arrival of that giant, took with them Angriote de Estravaus, Don Gavarte of the Fearful Valley, Palomir, Don Brian de Monjaste and many other knights of great renown who were there with them to help them win those dominions that you have heard about, and they all went to the camp of King Galaor and Don Galvanes, where the giant was lodged; and they found him in Don Galvanes’ tent, which was the finest and best made that any emperor or king could have; and which...

      (pp. 715-722)

      Agrajes answered him, and said: “My good lord Balan, I wish to reply to you on what concerns the enmity of my lord cousin Amadis, since these lords and I with them have expressed to you our thanks for what is promised us by you; and if my reply is not in conformity with your desire, take it as a knight; for although at arms I may not be your equal, perhaps on account of the fact that I am older, and have used them more, I shall know more completely than you what is required in order to be...

      (pp. 723-744)

      The story relates that after King Lisuarte with Queen Brisena, his wife, departed from the Firm Island shortly after he had left wedded his daughters and the other ladies who were married at the same time, as you have heard, he went directly to his town of Fenusa, because it was a seaport and very abundant in forests in which much game was to be found, and it was a very healthful, happy place where he was accustomed to enjoy himself very much. And as soon as he reached there, in order to afford his heart some repose and rest...

  6. NOTES
    (pp. 745-746)
    (pp. 747-750)