Protestant-Catholic Relations in America

Protestant-Catholic Relations in America: World War I Through Vatican II

Copyright Date: 1972
Pages: 136
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  • Book Info
    Protestant-Catholic Relations in America
    Book Description:

    The first general survey of relations between Protestants and Catholics in America during the past half century will be welcomed not only by social historians but by clergymen and laymen interested in the development of constructive interfaith relations.

    Lerond Curry has traced the major trends in this fifty-year period and analyzed the underlying factors that influenced them. Much of his account is based on correspondence and personal interviews with people who took part in the events and movements he describes.

    The rapid growth of Catholic population just before World War I, along with increasing urbanization and tensions related to the war itself, produced a period of intense religious conflict often expressed in violence. After the campaign of 1928, religious leaders made earnest efforts to ameliorate these conflicts, but with the appointment of a United States representative to the Vatican in 1939, hostilities again arose. Nevertheless, Curry finds that in the middle fifties more mature interfaith relationships began to appear, and after Vatican Council II, Protestant-Catholic dialogue developed a new depth.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-6260-7
    Subjects: Religion, History

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. vii-viii)
  3. Preface
    (pp. ix-xii)
  4. I. Protestant Adjustment to Catholic Growth: 1917-1939
    (pp. 1-35)

    Through the years prior to World War I Protestants and Roman Catholics in America were building up to a full-scale conflict. It was not the first time in this country that conflict was the rule, but it was a unique time in several ways.

    Primarily, the early 1900s were years in which a Protestant-oriented America was trying to adjust to a rapidly growing Roman Catholicism in its midst. Although not really understanding its reactions in a theological framework, much of Protestant America feared its ecclesiastical counterpart precisely because it was both Roman and Catholic. Protestants feared its Roman roots because...

  5. II. Catholicism in America Comes of Age: 1939-1955
    (pp. 36-60)

    Early in 1939 Everett Clinchy of the National Conference of Christians and Jews spoke of an “unparalleled spirit of cooperation” existing among religious groups in America.¹ One month later the calm interfaith waters rippled with a new wave of conflict. In that month, February, Pope Pius XI died, and when the new Pope, Pius XII, was crowned, among those present was Joseph P. Kennedy, United States ambassador to Great Britain and a Roman Catholic—as the official representative of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

    Roosevelt’s action in sending Kennedy to the Papal coronation was an extremely significant step. Not only was...

  6. III. Toward Relationships of Maturity: 1955-1967
    (pp. 61-90)

    Few people thought in 1950 that Protestant-Catholic relations in America would ever be anything but tense and hostile. Groups such as the National Conference of Christians and Jews were still functioning, but the public consciousness had buried them beneath the barrage of interfaith conflicts which had fallen on America. POAU still warned Americans of what POAU said were Catholic ambitions to control the country. Catholic leaders such as Cardinal Spellman still echoed their angry outbursts toward Protestants who opposed a Vatican embassy or federal aid to parochial schools. Even the McCarthy hearings fanned the flames of conflict with accusations by...

  7. Appendix A. Excerpts from Papal Documents Concerning Non-Catholic Christian Bodies
    (pp. 91-97)
  8. Appendix B. Excerpts from United States Supreme Court Decisions on Matters Related to Parochial Schools
    (pp. 98-104)
  9. Notes
    (pp. 105-116)
  10. Index
    (pp. 117-124)