Wildflowers and Ferns of Kentucky

Wildflowers and Ferns of Kentucky

Thomas G. Barnes
S. Wilson Francis
Copyright Date: 2004
Pages: 352
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt130jpv5
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  • Book Info
    Wildflowers and Ferns of Kentucky
    Book Description:

    Since Kentucky is situated at a biological crossroads in eastern North America, citizens and visitors to this beautiful state are likely to be greeted by an astonishing variety of wildflowers. This non-technical guide -- featuring more than five hundred dazzling full-color photographs by award-winning photographer Thomas G. Barnes -- is the state's indispensable guide to the most common species in the Commonwealth.

    With this book, readers will learn to identify and appreciate Kentucky wildflowers and ferns by matching photographs and leaf line drawings to the more than six hundred and fifty species of flowers covered in the book. Extremely practical and simple to use, the guide's color photographs and line drawings appear with plant descriptions for easy identification, and plants are grouped by flower color and blooming season. Each species listing includes the plant's common and scientific name, plant family, habitat, frequency, and distribution throughout Kentucky, with similar species listed in the notes.

    There is no other volume that covers the flora of Kentucky with such ease of identification. The first new statewide guide to appear in thirty years, with its combination of high quality photographs, illustrations, portability, and easy organization of information,Wildflowers and Ferns of Kentuckyis an essential addition to the library or field pack of the wildflower enthusiast, naturalist, and anyone else who loves the outdoors.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-6049-8
    Subjects: Botany & Plant Sciences

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. INTRODUCTION
    (pp. 1-20)

    They are all around us and thrive on roadsides, in forests, meadows, wetlands, and, it seems, almost anywhere you travel across the state. They begin their colorful display as early as February or March in the woodlands with hepatica and purple cress and enrich the landscape until the frosts of autumn, when the gentians flower in the prairie patches or woodland edges. There is no time during the growing season that one of more than 2,000 native wildflowers found in Kentucky is not blooming.

    The Song of Solomon 2:12 states, “The flowers appear on the earth; the time of the...

  5. Ferns & Fern Allies
    (pp. 21-44)

    This low-growing plant has a horizontal stem that creeps above ground. Branched stalks, 2 to 4 in. tall, covered with many rows of narrow, pointed leaves, arise from the horizontal stem.

    Habitat: Dry, rocky, disturbed soil

    Region: Appalachian Plateaus

    Frequency: Rare

    This plant is known from only a few sites.

    This 5- to 7-in.-tall evergreen plant is covered with flattened leaves and grows from an underground stem that forms spreading colonies. The yellow spore-producing cones are found at the tips of higher branches in summer.

    Habitat: Dry ridge tops, acid soil

    Region: Cumberland Mountains, Appalachian Plateaus

    Frequency: Common

    The 6-...

  6. Spring Flowers March–Mid-May
    (pp. 45-134)

    A winter annual with 1- to 3-in.-long segmented leaves that look like a ladder. The 1/2-in.-wide flowers have 4 petals and arise on 1- to 2-in.-tall separate stalks in the center of the plant.

    Habitat: Limestone glades, rocky areas

    Region: Mississippian Plateau, Knobs, Bluegrass

    Frequency: Rare

    Two othet species of glade cress, the beaded glade cress,L. torulosa, and the pasture glade cress,L. exigua, are rate. The beaded glade cress is occasionally found in the cedar glades of the Mississippian Plateau, and the pasture glade cress is only found in southern Jefferson and northern Bullitt Counties.

    A smooth biennial...

  7. Summer Flowers Mid-May–August
    (pp. 135-234)

    Note the long, smooth, narrow, lance-shaped leaves that taper to a reddish-colored stalk. The 1/2-in.-wide flowers have 3 lower petals with purple veins withour hairs near the center of the flower.

    Habitat: Wet meadows, swamps, wet woods

    Region: Statewide except Bluegrass

    Frequency: Uncommon

    This is a small, trailing, evergreen plant that often forms large colonies carpeting the ground. It has 1/2-in.-long, oval, opposite leaves. At the end of the branches, 2, 1/2-in.-long, 4-lobed, tubular, hairy flowers appear like twins. A pair of flowers will produce a single red berry that often lasts through the winter.

    Habitat: Rich woods, often in...

  8. Fall Flowers August–October
    (pp. 235-282)

    This aquatic plant is often found growing in large colonies because it has a creeping stem that sends down roots at various places. The large, 4- to 6-in.-long, heart-shaped leaves arise from this creeping stem. The 3/4- to 1-in.-wide, 3-petaled flowers occur in clusters of 5 or more at the base of a leafless flowering stalk.

    Habitat: Swamps, ditches

    Region: Mississippian Plateau, Shawnee Hills, Jackson Purchase

    Frequency: Uncommon

    This 18- to 36-in.-tall aquatic plant has arrow- or triangular-shaped leaves, up to 12 in. long, with deep lobes at the base of the plant. The 1/2- to 3/4-in.-long flowers occur in...

  9. Family Descriptions
    (pp. 283-332)

    The plates in the species descriptions are arbitrarily grouped by flower color and season for ease in identification. In this section we group the species by families and genera to show how the species are related. In classification systems, the species is the particular entity that is being described. Carolus Linnaeus (Carl von Linné), a Swedish botanist, devised the modern system of classification. Prior to the publication in 1753 of hisSpecies Plantarum, plants were given long, Latin polynomial names—names that used many words to describe the species. Linnaeus developed the binomial classification system in which each individual organism...

  10. BIBLIOGRAPHY
    (pp. 333-334)
  11. INDEX
    (pp. 335-344)