Social Deviancy and Adolescent Personality

Social Deviancy and Adolescent Personality

John C. Ball
Copyright Date: 1962
Pages: 136
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt130jrq2
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  • Book Info
    Social Deviancy and Adolescent Personality
    Book Description:

    In this study, 224 ninth graders from two similar Kentucky towns were obtained by means of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. They were divided into various groups and analyzed in relation to a number of background factors and their resulting personality patterns. The emergence of various group patterns in this study demonstrates that the complexity of human personality necessitates complex analytic procedures.

    eISBN: 978-0-8131-6185-3
    Subjects: Sociology, Psychology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-vi)
  2. FOREWORD
    (pp. vii-viii)
    Starke R. Hathaway and Elio D. Monachesi

    Less thantwo decades ago the first study of delinquency and personality characteristics in which the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality lnventory (MMPI) played a prominent role was published. This study, reported by Dora F. Capwell in 1945, produced results which suggested that the several scales of the MMPI differentiated significantly between groups of delinquent and nondelinquent girls.

    The rather unusual aspect of the Capwell findings—unusual in the sense that they indicated that some of the MMPI scales seemed to have this discriminatory power—gave rise to a host of research projects employing the MMPI to contrast the personality characteristics of...

  3. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    (pp. ix-x)
    John C. Ball
  4. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-xvi)
  5. 1 THE STUDY OF SOCIAL DEVIANCY AND PERSONALITY
    (pp. 1-13)

    THE PURPOSEof this study is to trace the relationship of personality to social deviancy among adolescents. In particular, the association of delinquency, minority group status, low socioeconomic status, broken homes, and failure in school with personality patterns among Kentucky boys and girls of high school age is the subject of analysis.

    The problem of ascertaining the relationship of adolescent personality to various types of behavior and environmental conditions is one of far-reaching significance in the behavioral sciences. It is an important problem because we are interested in determining how personality develops. In order to accomplish this, two research approaches...

  6. 2 DELINQUENCY AND PERSONALITY
    (pp. 14-33)

    IN THEUnited States delinquency is one of the most widespread and frequent types of deviant behavior among adolescents. Although the seriousness and frequency of offenses vary between rural and metropolitan areas, by eighteen years of age some 35 percent of the male population have had their names recorded by the police or courts.¹

    In Part I of this chapter, 34 incarcerated juvenile delinquents are compared with 200 ninth grade public school students with respect to background characteristics and personality profiles. The 28 subjects with invalid MMPI profiles were not included in the present study. A separate comparison of those...

  7. 3 MINORITY GROUP STATUS AND PERSONALITY
    (pp. 34-50)

    THE STUDYof personality differences between Negroes and whites in the United States has received considerable attention during the past thirty years, but especially in the past twenty years.¹ Many of these studies have arrived at confusing or conflicting conclusions. As Klineberg observed more than a decade ago, the lack of adequate personality measuring instruments as well as superficial methodology has resulted in inconclusive findings.² In addition, it should be added that extraneous value judgments and unfounded opinions have too often been substituted for empirical demonstration.³ Although delineation of personality differences between groups is quite distinct from a study of...

  8. 4 SOCIAL CLASS AND ADOLESCENT PERSONALITY
    (pp. 51-62)

    THE PERVASIVEinfluence of class membership in American society has been extensively documented. For instance, we know that children from lower class homes have only a remote chance of entering or graduating from college.¹ We know that the fathers of National Merit scholars come predominantly from certain occupational groups.² We know that increasingly both managerial and professional positions are being filled by college graduates.³ And we know that there is a preponderance of social and personality maladjustment in the lower classes.⁴ In view of these facts the question arises as to the effect of different class membership upon the personality...

  9. 5 BROKEN HOMES, DEVIANCY, AND PERSONALITY
    (pp. 63-72)

    I HERE ISfairly general agreement that behavior patterns and personality structure are prineipally established during the early formative years in the family.¹ By some, deviant behavior is regarded as the result of inadequate training in the home. By others, the family is viewed as a transmitter of values and patterns of behavior, some of which are deviant. In either instance, the pervasive force of the family is evident and its disruption is a fact of consequence to children and adolescents. The implications of this relationship of family inadequacy to deviant behavior are provocative; thus Bradley Buell reports that in...

  10. 6 ACADEMIC FAILURE AND PERSONALITY
    (pp. 73-86)

    WHICHfactors and conditions are associated with high and which with low performance in the educational system? Are high school students who are failing maladjusted in personality? Or are they from families of low socioeconomic status? Are there differences in failure rates between boys and girls? How do students who obtain superior school grades compare in personality and personal characteristics with those who receive average and failing grades? These are some of the questions considered in the present chapter.

    Academic achievement has generally been considered to be dependent upon or related to intellectual ability,¹ personality characteristics,² or cultural factors.³ The...

  11. 7 THE TEACHER, STUDENT DEVIANCE, AND PERSONALITY
    (pp. 87-101)

    THE PROBLEMof social deviancy within the educational system involves a consideration of the extent and nature of student deviance in behavior and attitudes in addition to the question of academic failure and its ramifications. How common are behavioral problems among ninth graders? What do teachers regard as personality maladjustment? Are the teachers able to identify those students who are deviant? How important is socioeconomic background of students in relation to classroom behavior and personality?

    Attention in the present chapter is directed along two lines of inquiry: First, ascertainment of the background characteristics and personality patterns of those students whom...

  12. 8 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
    (pp. 102-110)

    A CONSIDERABLEproportion of American youth are unable to meet the requirements of modern urban society. In the present study, the term deviancy has been employed in order to emphasize that delinquency, minority group status, low socioeconomic status, broken homes, academic failure, and maladjustment in school are important deviations from the ideal of the urban middle class white American family pattern, with its emphasis upon respectability and achievement.

    The research question, then, is one of analyzing the relationship of environmental and personality factors with various types of deviant behavior among adolescents. Personality was a focal point in the study of...

  13. MMPI Codes of 224 Adolescents
    (pp. 111-114)
  14. INDEX
    (pp. 115-119)