Permanence in Diversity

Permanence in Diversity: Netherlands Ecological Research on Edgeøya, Spitsbergen

Nienke Boschman
Louwrens Hacquebord
Volume: 1
Copyright Date: 2004
Published by: Barkhuis
Pages: 163
https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt13wwx5f
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  • Book Info
    Permanence in Diversity
    Book Description:

    With the publication of this special issue of Circumpolar Journal, the Arctic Centre of the University of Groningen would like to honour Piet Oosterveld as the driving force behind biological research on Edgeøya, Spitsbergen. He invested large amounts of time and energy in this research and he was an inspiration for many students.The book starts with an article about Piet Oosterveld's Arctic activities written by Louwrens Hacquebord. After some fieldwork in Iceland Piet Oosterveld's Arctic career really started with a wintering spent on Edgeøya in 1968-1969. In this book Piet Oosterveld's companion Ko de Korte reports on this wintering. Some years later Piet Oosterveld was the instigator of the Reindeer Environment Expedition to Edgeøya in 1977. The most important product of this expedition, the ecological landscape map, was never published. In our opinion this ecological landscape map merits publication and fortunately Ies Zonneveld was willing to revise the article accompanying the map which is to be found at the back of the book. In this article the results of the ecological survey are presented.The articles of Arend J. van Dijk and Hester D. Heinemeijer also deal with the ornithological and botanical results of the Reindeer Environment Expedition Svalbard.

    eISBN: 978-94-91431-54-8
    Subjects: Archaeology

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-iv)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. v-vi)
  3. Preface
    (pp. vii-viii)
  4. Permanence in diversity A life in the service of Arctic Biological Research
    (pp. 1-14)
    Louwrens Hacquebord

    Piet Oosterveld was born in Zwolle on 5 February 1939. After secondary school he went to university in Utrecht to study biology. In the final stages of his studies he did fieldwork on the exposition of vegetations in Iceland and later wrote up the results of this fieldwork in Spitsbergen.

    In 1967 Piet taught biology for some time at the grammar school in the town where he had formerly lived, but it soon became clear that research was where his heart lay. When he was asked to join an expedition to Spitsbergen, he needed little time to think. In 1968...

  5. Netherlands Spitsbergen Expedition 1968–1969 A winter with polar bears
    (pp. 15-28)
    Ko de Korte

    From August 1968 to September 1969 I was a member of the Netherlands Spitsbergen Expedition which stayed on Kapp Lee, Edgeøya, to the east of Spitsbergen carrying out research on polar bears for international conservation organizations IUCN and WWF. Our group comprised four people:

    Eric Flipse (23 years old, a biology student and the initiator of the expedition), Paul de Groot (21 years old, a forestry student), Ko de Korte (25 years old, a biology student) and Piet Oosterveld (29 years old, also a biology student). Our closest neighbours were the four members of a Norwegian polar bear expedition on...

  6. Birds observed in Edgeøya summer 1977
    (pp. 29-44)
    Arend J. van Dijk

    In the summer of 1977 theReindeer Environment Expedition Svalbardvisited Edgeøya. The aims of the expedition were four-fold: (a) to study the island population and habitat of the Svalbard Reindeer (Alendal, de Bie & van Wieren 1979); (b) to make a landscape ecological map of Edgeøya (Lebouille & de Nies 1978); (c) to describe and map the vegetation of Rosenbergdalen in detail (Heinemeijer 1979); and (d) to investigate the regeneration of the vegetation in tracks in the tundra (Van den Berg 1978). In addition, during the fieldwork of the expedition ornithological observations were collected in most parts of Edgeøya, resulting in...

  7. Rosenbergdalen, green valley in the barren land of Edgeøya, Spitsbergen
    (pp. 45-70)
    Hester D. Heinemeijer and Arend J. van Dijk

    In the summer of 1977 the vegetation of Rosenbergdalen in Edgeøya was described and mapped. The research took place as part of theReindeer Environment Expedition Svalbard (REES ’77), organised by the Netherlands Foundation for Arctic Research (de Bieet al. 1979). Piet Oosterveld was the leader of this project. The aim of the expedition was an integrated study of the reindeer and its environment. A landscape ecological map was made of the whole island of Edgeøya (Lebouille & de Nies 1978) and the total island population of Svalbard reindeer was studied (Alendal, de Bie & van Wieren 1979). In order to...

  8. Interplay between peat formation and animal behaviour in the Spitsbergen archipelago, recorded in peat sections
    (pp. 71-86)
    W.O. van der Knaap (Pim) and J.F.N. van Leeuwen (Jacqueline)

    Interactions between animals and vegetation are manifold. On the high arctic archipelago of Spitsbergen, the formation of peat layers by vegetation has remarkable and (for central-Europeans) unusual relationships with animal life. We started to guess this during our field work in 1981, and further observation made this very clear to us during our second and last field work on Spitsbergen in 1984, when for our stay on Edgeøya we were the guests of Piet Oosterveld, to whom this paper is dedicated.

    Peat was the focus of our field work on Spitsbergen, because it is a valuable natural archive from which...

  9. Mushrooms in Spitsbergen
    (pp. 87-102)
    Leo M. Jalink and Marijke M. Nauta

    Even mycologists – scientists specializing in fungi – could hardly imagine that many mushrooms would occur in the Arctic region. Until the early 1980s very little attention had been focused on this region. It is now known that in Spitsbergen c. 300 species of macrofungi occur (Gulden & Torkelsen, 1996; Elvebakk et al., 1996) and that the densities (the number of specimens of a species per area) are often very high. It also turned out that fungi occur even in the most extreme parts of the area. In the 1980s, scientists from both the Netherlands and the nordic countries carried out...

  10. Landscape ecology (‘land unit’) map of Edgeøya, Spitsbergen with emphasis on vegetation
    (pp. 103-156)
    I.S. Zonneveld, M. Lebouille and N. de Nies

    The Reindeer Environment Expedition Svalbard in 1977 (REES' 77, see de Bie c.s. 1978) was organized by the Nederlandse Stichting voor Arctisch Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (the Netherlands Foundation for Arctic Research). Its main aim was to study the island of Edgeøya (fig. 1), in the south-eastern part of Svalbard (Spitsbergen), as an environment for reindeer.

    Investigations were done in four areas of interest:

    Contemporary observations and research were carried out on the reindeer population, (Alendal et al (1979), Van Wieren & de Bie (1980) and van de Bie & van Wieren (1980). Compare also (1972).

    A vegetation survey and the compilation of a...

  11. Appendix B Sample sheets for soil, landform and vegetation
    (pp. 157-158)
  12. Appendix C Presence table with sociological groups and communities
    (pp. 159-159)
  13. Appendix D Table of Musci and Lichens
    (pp. 160-161)
  14. Appendix E Vegetation table of the Trachyophytes (Herbs and mini dwarf Shrubs)
    (pp. 162-162)