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Space in the Ancient Novel

Space in the Ancient Novel

Michael Paschalis
Stavros Frangoulidis
Volume: 1
Copyright Date: 2002
Published by: Barkhuis
Pages: 192
  • Book Info
    Space in the Ancient Novel
    Book Description:

    This special issue of Ancient Narrative Supplementum 1, entitled 'Space in the Ancient Novel', brings together a collection of revised papers, originally presented at the International conference under the same title organized by the Department of Philology (Division of Classics) of the University of Crete and held in Rethymnon, on May 14-15, 2001. This conference inaugurated what is hoped to become a new series of biennial International meetings on the Ancient Novel (RICAN, Rethymnon International Conferences on the Ancient Novel) which aspires to continue the reputable tradition of the Groningen Colloquia on the Novel, established by Heinz Hofmann and Maaike Zimmerman. Ancient Narrative Supplementum 1 includes two additional contributions by Catherine Connors and Judith Perkins, both originally presented in ICAN 2000 at Groningen in July 25-30, 2000 and included here in revised form, and an article by Stelios Panayotakis, which closely relates to the theme of the Rethymnon conference.

    eISBN: 978-94-91431-00-5
    Subjects: History

Table of Contents

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  1. Front Matter
    (pp. I-IV)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. V-VI)
  3. List of illustrations
    (pp. VII-VIII)
  4. Preface
    (pp. IX-XIV)
    Michael Paschalis and Stavros Frangoulidis
  5. Narrative Spaces
    (pp. 1-11)

    Impressed by the broad geographical sweep of the ancient romances, and disappointed by what he perceived to be a lack of character development comparable to that found in modern novels, Mikhail Bakhtin drew the conclusion that space was the primary dimension of the genre, with the temporal axis reduced virtually to zero. For reasons I have discussed elsewhere, I do not consider this judgment to be justified.¹ Time does matter in the ancient Greek novels: iferôsis to serve as the basis, not just of an infatuation, but of a lasting bond sealed by marriage, it must be put...

  6. Chariton’s Syracuse and its histories of empire
    (pp. 12-26)

    The ancient Greek novels tell their stories of young love and high adventure in a realm apart from the everyday world inhabited by their authors and audiences. In his marvellously bold project of constructing a history of novelistic discourse that would embrace the novel’s earliest beginnings, Bakhtin describes the ‘chronotope’ or setting in time and space, of the Greek novels as an ‘alien world in adventure time’ in which largely passive and unchanging characters endure experiences brought upon them by chance. In Bakhtin’s insistent formulation the novels depict their characters in a time and space wholly divorced or abstracted from...

  7. Chronotope and locus amoenus in Daphnis and Chloe and Pleasantville
    (pp. 27-39)

    Longus’ novelDaphnis and Chloemay be characterized as a “song of innocence and of experience,” to appropriate a famous title by William Blake. In the novel, innocence and experience work on two levels. One is within the story, which describes the protagonists’ journey of erotic self-discovery from a state of naiveté to sexual knowledge, a journey that culminates in their marriage and parenthood. The other and more fascinating level of innocence and experience is the basis of Longus’ narrative strategy: an experienced author writes about inexperienced characters for experienced readers. While the novel’s setting is the idyllic countryside, the...

  8. Literary Topography in Apuleius’ Metamorphoses
    (pp. 40-57)

    Scholarly interest in the topography of Apuleius’Metamorphoseshas largely been concerned with the study of its description of landscapes with an eye to realism, or with exploring Apuleius’ use of symbolic or conventional descriptions of nature.¹ Here I want to look specifically at literary topography, and two interconnected aspects in particular: the way in which some geographical locations mentioned and described in theMetamorphoseslook back to and reflect significant literary sources, and the way in which some place-names and their associations consequently suggest or point to important themes and ideas in the novel. This amounts to considering topography...

  9. Corinth, Rome, and Africa: a Cultural Background for the Tale of the Ass
    (pp. 58-77)

    The pseudo-LucianicOnos, even though its geographical references are not particularly detailed, allows the reader to follow the main character’s travels with a certain degree of precision. Lucius is from Patrae, in Achaia; he arrives in Hypata and then, by travelling northwards in Thessaly and Macedonia, proceeds up to Thessalonike. In that city he is restored to human shape, and from there he sails back to his homeland.

    In Apuleius’Metamorphoses, on the other hand, Lucius is from Corinth.¹ At the beginning of the novel, we find him on the road to Hypata but then, after his abduction by the...

  10. On the Road in Apuleius’ Metamorphoses
    (pp. 78-97)

    Thus Bakhtin in his essayForms of Time and Chronotope in the Novel.¹ Indeed, the importance of travel as a theme in this novel is highlighted from the Prologue onward. The first sentence of the story proper meaningfully starts with an expression of movement to a place:Thessaliam …petebam(“To Thessaly …I was heading”).²

    Any reader of Apuleius’Metamorphoseswill remember the complaints of the protagonist about the hardships suffered during his existence as an ass, and specifically the complaints about the often laborious journeys which he is forced to make at the hands of various masters. In this essay...

  11. The Temple and the Brothel: Mothers and Daughters in Apollonius of Tyre
    (pp. 98-117)

    The anonymous Latin narrative entitledHistoria Apollonii Regis Tyri(The Story of Apollonius, King of Tyre, hereafterApollonius) relates the fascinating adventures and wanderings of a small family (Apollonius, his wife, and their daughter Tarsia) around the Eastern Mediterranean of the Hellenistic period. This fictional tale survives in numerous versions, the earliest of which—in Latin—dates approximately to the late fifth or early sixth century AD, and ultimately derives, according to scholarly consensus, from a narrative originally composed in the third century AD. It is a matter of old and as yet unresolved debate whether or notApolloniusis...

  12. Social Geography in the Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles
    (pp. 118-131)

    Employing the paradigms of critical geography, this article offers that theApocryphal Acts of the Apostlesdisplay the Christian project to reconstitute contemporary power relation through their narrative recoding of some of the dominant spatial categories of their culture. The theme of broken boundaries is central to theActsas seen in their repeated emphasis on women escaping domestic space (and apostles entering it) and characters entering and exiting prison space at will. Through these themes, Christians manifest their intent to ‘break out’ of the order of things and to resist spatial formulations that keep certain people in their place...

  13. Reading Space: A Re-examination of Apuleian ekphrasis
    (pp. 132-142)

    In his seminal article entitled ‘Narrate and Describe: The Problem ofekphrasis’ Don Fowler dealt with the ways in which a literaryekphrasisinteracts with the surrounding narrative.¹ One of the ways is through the various levels of focalization, in the sense that a work of art may represent the viewpoint of the artist, observer, author or other party, and of their respective audiences. In discussing the case of the pictures in Dido’s temple he quotes, with regard to Aeneas, Eleanor Leach’s observation that ‘the order of presentation creates confusion between the visual image and Aeneas’ thoughts’. I would like...

  14. A Good Place to Talk: Discourse and Topos in Achilles Tatius and Philostratus
    (pp. 143-160)

    We might think more germane to architects, urban planners, restaurateurs and telephone companies the question: what makes a place good for talk? Yet the evidence of ancient Greek novels suggests that tellers of those tales were equally concerned with this issue and its implications. In this paper I would like to explore the place taken up in one such ancient tale, the story of Leukippê and Kleitophôn attributed to Achilles Tatius. I shall propose that his attention to place is, in fact, a way of being attentive to the qualities of his own artistic creation. In other words, for Achilles...

  15. Space and Displacement in Apuleius
    (pp. 161-176)

    Space. For Americans of a certain generation, among whom I number myself, it is almost impossible to hear that word without hearing a continuation: “Space – the final frontier. These are the voyages of the Starship Enterprise….”

    I begin with this cliché of contemporary popular culture, not just for an easy laugh, but more importantly as a reminder of how fundamentally anachronistic so much of our depiction of the category of space is for the literature of the ancient world. Not just the three-dimensional (or more!) universe we have learned to see through NASA television images from space and science...

  16. The Laughter Festival as a Community Integration Rite in Apuleius’ Metamorphoses
    (pp. 177-188)

    In 2.32 Lucius returns late at night from Byrrhene’s dinner party to Milo’s house, accompanied by his slave. In his drunken state he sees what he thinks are three robbers trying to break into Milo’s house, and kills them one by one with his sword. The following morning Lucius weeps as he envisages his likely prosecution for the murders. There is a marked contrast between this hung-over remorse and the drunken bravado of the previous night. The protagonist’s differing perceptions of the same event may be considered as plots, and tie in neatly with the novel’s key theme of metamorphosis....

  17. Indices
    (pp. 189-192)