The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume II: Logic, Loyalty, and Community

The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume II: Logic, Loyalty, and Community

Edited, with a New Introduction, by John J. McDermott
Including an Annotated Bibliography of the Publications of Josiah Royce, Prepared by Ignas K. Skrupskelis
Copyright Date: 2005
Published by: Fordham University Press
Pages: 612
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  • Book Info
    The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume II: Logic, Loyalty, and Community
    Book Description:

    Now back in print, and in paperback, these two classic volumes illustrate the scope and quality of Royce'sthought, providing the most comprehensive selection ofhis writings currently available. They offer a detailedpresentation of the viable relationship Royce forgedbetween the local experience of community and thedemands of a philosophical and scientific vision ofthe human situation.The selections reprinted here are basic to any understandingof Royce's thought and its pressing relevanceto contemporary cultural, moral, and religious issues.

    eISBN: 978-0-8232-4748-6
    Subjects: Language & Literature

Table of Contents

  1. Front Matter
    (pp. i-x)
  2. Table of Contents
    (pp. xi-xiv)
  3. Preface to the Fordham University Press Edition
    (pp. xv-xvi)
    John J. McDermott
  4. Preface
    (pp. 639-640)
    John J. McDermott
  5. Chronology
    (pp. 641-642)
  6. Bibliographic Abbreviations
    (pp. 643-644)
  7. Editor’s Note on the Text
    (pp. 645-648)
  8. VI Logic and Methodology
    • [VI Introduction]
      (pp. 649-654)

      For his times, Royce was a logician of the first rank. The quality of his work in logic becomes more extraordinary when considered in the context of his multiple achievements in areas of thought quite apart from that effort. Morton White, who is skeptical of Royce’s overall achievement, evaluates his contribution in this way.

      For Royce was more than a metaphysical soothsayer, more than a philosopher of religion and of loyalty to loyalty: he was also a logician and a philosopher of science. He was one of the first American teachers of philosophy to recognize the importance of research in...

    • 21 Recent Logical Inquiries and Their Psychological Bearings
      (pp. 655-680)

      The American Psychological Association has always given a kindly recognition to the general philosophical interests which many of its members represent, as well as to the more distinctively psychological concerns which properly form the center and the main body of its undertakings. In honoring me, by calling me to fill for the year the office of president, my fellow members have well known that they ran the risk of hearing a discussion rather of some philosophical problem than of a distinctively experimental topic. I, in my turn, am quite unwilling to ignore or to neglect the fact that ours is...

    • 22 The Problem of Truth in the Light of Recent Discussion
      (pp. 681-710)

      The question: What is Truth? is a typical philosophical problem. But it has been by no means at all times equally prominent throughout the history of philosophy. The ages in which it has come to the front have been those wherein, as at present, a keenly critical spirit has been predominant. At such times metaphysical interests are more or less subordinated, for a while, to the problems about method, to logical researches, or to the investigations which constitute a Theory of Knowledge.

      Such periods, as we know, have recurred more than once since scholastic philosophy declined. And such a period...

    • 23 The Mechanical, the Historical, and the Statistical
      (pp. 711-734)

      This meeting is the outcome of conversations which resulted from the recent book of Dr. Henderson on “The Fitness of the Environment.” Yet this company is not called for the sake of discussing, on the present occasion, that book, or any of the scientific problems which it more directly considers. The connection, then, between Dr. Henderson’s book and this evening’s undertaking needs some explanation. As you know from the wording of the call to which you have so kindly responded, one principal purpose which I have in mind as I address you is practical. I shall ask you, before the...

    • 24 Mind
      (pp. 735-762)

      The present article must be limited to a discussion of the metaphysical theories of mind. Owing to the peculiar position which these problems occupy in philosophy, as well as in the study of ethical and religious problems, it is advisable, first of all, to make explicit some of the epistemological problems which especially confront the student of the nature of mind; and in order to do this, we must, in view of numerous traditional complications which beset the theory of the knowledge of mind, open our discussion with some general statements concerning the nature of problems of knowledge.

      The history...

    • 25 [The Methodology of Science]
      (pp. 763-768)

      Inductive scientific generalizations, in the logically simplest cases, depend upon what Mr. Charles Peirce has defined as the method of taking a “fair sample” of a chosen type of facts. Thus one who samples, to use Mr. Peirce’s typical example, a cargo of wheat, by taking samples from various parts of the cargo, carefully selecting the samples so that they shall not tend to represent one part of the cargo only, but any part chosen at random, employs essentially the same inductive method which, as I gather from inquiry, Virchow used in reaching the main fundamental generalizations of his cellular...

    • 26 Introduction to Poincaré’s Science and Hypothesis
      (pp. 769-784)

      The branches of inquiry collectively known as the Philosophy of Science have undergone great changes since the appearance of Herbert Spencer’sFirst Principles, that volume which a large part of the general public in this country used to regard as the representative compend of all modern wisdom relating to the foundations of scientific knowledge. The summary which M. Poincaré gives, at the outset of his own introduction to the present work, where he states the view which the ‘superficial observer’ takes of scientific truth, suggests, not indeed Spencer’s own most characteristic theories, but something of the spirit in which many...

    • 27 [Types of Order]
      (pp. 785-826)

      § 15. When the methodical procedure of any more exact physical science has led to success, the result is one which the well known definition that Kirchhoff gave of the science of Mechanics exemplifies. The facts of such a science, namely, are “described” with a certain completeness, and in as “simple,” that is, in asorderlya fashion as possible. Thetypes of orderused in such a description are at once “forms of thought,” as we shall soon see when we enumerate them, and forms of the world of our physical experiences in so far, butonlyin so...

  9. VII Moral and Religious Experience
    • [VII Introduction]
      (pp. 827-832)

      With regard to the problem of evil, Royce was assuredly no pollyanna. In his essay on “The Problem of Job.”* he separates himself from that brand of “false idealism,” which regards evil as “merely an illusion.” (SGE, p. 17; below, 2:845.) Over against such an abstract and insensitive view, Royce makes his own position quite clear. “I regard evil as a distinctly real fact, a fact just as real as the most helpless and hopeless sufferer finds it to be when he is in pain.” (SGE, p. 16; below, 2:845.)

      Royce, of course, was no stranger to pain, having undergone...

    • 28 The Problem of Job
      (pp. 833-854)

      In speaking of the problem of Job, the present writer comes to the subject as a layman in theology, and as one ignorant of Hebrew scholarship. In referring to the original core of the Book of Job he follows, in a general way, the advice of Professor C. H. Toy; and concerning the text of the poem he is guided by the translation of Dr. Gilbert. What this paper has to attempt is neither criticism of the book, nor philological exposition of its obscurities, but a brief study of the central problem of the poem from the point of view...

    • 29 The Philosophy of Loyalty
      (pp. 855-1014)

      One of the most familiar traits of our time is the tendency to revise tradition, to reconsider the foundations of old beliefs, and sometimes mercilessly to destroy what once seemed indispensable. This disposition, as we all know, is especially prominent in the realms of social theory and of religious belief. But even the exact sciences do not escape from the influence of those who are fond of the reëxamination of dogmas. And the modern tendency in question has, of late years, been very notable in the field of Ethics. Conventional morality has been required, in company with religion, and also...

    • 30 Individual Experience and Social Experience as Sources of Religious Insight
      (pp. 1015-1038)

      As we have defined religion, the main concern of any religion that we are to recognise is with the salvation of man, and with whatever objects or truths it is important to know if we are to find the way of salvation. Now the experiences which teach us that we need what I have ventured to call by the traditional name salvation, are, from my point of view, experiences common to a very large portion of mankind. They are great and, in certain respects at least, simple experiences. You can have them and estimate them without being committed to any...

    • 31 The Religious Mission of Sorrow
      (pp. 1039-1062)

      It very often happens to us that to reach any notable result, either in life or in insight, is even thereby to introduce ourselves to a new problem. In the present state of the undertaking of these lectures such is our experience. The religious insight whose source is the loyal spirit was our topic in the foregoing lecture. If my own view is correct, this source is by far the most important that we have yet considered. It unites the spirit and the meaning of all the foregoing sources. Rightly interpreted, it points the way to a true salvation.


  10. VIII Community as Lived
    • [VIII Introduction]
      (pp. 1063-1066)

      Royce was an idealist in the vernacular sense of that word as well as in its technical and philosophical reference. He was sensitive to the charge that philosophical idealism was essentially an unpractical doctrine. For Royce, such a criticism failed to comprehend that “loyalty is the practical aspect and expression of an idealistic philosophy.” (RQP, p. vii.)¹

      The essays contained in this section, although simply written, evoke many of the major themes of Royce’s thought, especially those dealing with the nature of the community. Of particular fascination is Royce’s development of the meaning of provincialism. Royce defined the meaning of...

    • 32 Provincialism
      (pp. 1067-1088)

      I propose, in this address, to define certain issues which, as I think, the present state of the world’s civilization, and of our own national life, make both promiment and critical.

      The word “provincialism,” which I have used as my title, has been chosen because it is the best single word that I have been able to find to suggest the group of social tendencies to which I want to call your especial attention. I intend to use this word in a somewhat elastic sense, which I may at once indicate. When we employ the word “provincialism” as a concrete...

    • 33 Race Questions and Prejudices
      (pp. 1089-1110)

      The numerous questions and prejudices which are aroused by the contact of the various races of men have always been important factors in human history. They promise, however, to become, in the near future, still more important than they have ever been before. Such increased importance of race questions and prejudices, if it comes to pass, will be due not to any change in human nature, and especially not to any increase in the diversity or in the contrasting traits of the races of men themselves, but simply to the greater extent and complexity of the work of civilization. Physically...

    • 34 On Certain Limitations of the Thoughtful Public in America
      (pp. 1111-1134)

      No one who is engaged in any part of the work of the higher education in this country can doubt that, at the present time, our thoughtful public,—the great company of those who read, reflect, and aspire,—is a larger factor in our national life than ever before. When foreigners accuse us of extraordinary love for gain, and of practical materialism, they fail to see how largely we are a nation of idealists. Yet that we are such a nation is something constantly brought to the attention of those whose calling requires them to observe any of the tendencies...

    • 35 The Possibility of International Insurance
      (pp. 1135-1144)

      Near the beginning of the present war I wrote a little book entitled “War and Insurance,” in which I stated and defended the thesis that the cause of the world’s peace would be aided if in future the principle of insurance were gradually and progressively introduced into international business.

      Insurance has already proved to be, in the modern life of individual nations, a cause of no little growth in social organization, in human solidarity, in reasonableness, and in peace. The best workings of the insurance principle have been, on the whole, its indirect workings. It has not only taught men,...

    • 36 The Hope of the Great Community
      (pp. 1145-1164)

      These words are written at a moment when the issues of the great war are still undecided. They are founded upon no foresight of the course which the world’s political and military fortunes are to follow. They therefore refer wholly to ideals, to duties, to hopes, and to the interests of humanity.

      There are moments when the lover of mankind, in these days, seems to catch a glimpse of a wonderful dawn light. If this dawn soon gives place to the coming day, an era of inspiring promise for the best hopes of all human ages will begin. If the...

  11. Part IX Annotated Bibliography of the Published Works of Josiah Royce
    (pp. 1165-1226)
    Ignas K. Skrupskelis

    The present bibliography is primarily a listing of what Royce himself published. Although I have tried to provide a complete list, it is probable that much has escaped unnoticed, particularly newspaper pieces, which could have been published with hardly a trace, and which would be recoverable only by a stroke of luck. Secondarily, the bibliography lists items, including letters, published or reprinted after Royce’s death. No systematic effort to locate these has been made, however, and only those that I chanced to come upon are included. Reprintings in textbooks and anthologies have been completely ignored.

    Where the same item appears...

  12. Index
    (pp. 1227-1236)
  13. Back Matter
    (pp. 1237-1238)